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Otology

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Editors Picks

Painful rash of the auricle: Herpes zoster oticus

December 19, 2014  |  Chao-Yin Kuo, MD; Yuan-Yung Lin, MD; Chih-Hung Wang, MD, PhD

A PCR assay in addition to conventional serologic testing provides quick confirmation of the diagnosis of herpes zoster oticus infection.

Salivary alpha-amylase levels in vertigo: Can it be an autonomic dysfunction?

September 27, 2018  |  Tanzer Korkmaz, MD; Yusuf Ozgur Bicer, MD; Erdinc Serin, MD; Sinan Seyhan, MD; Serap Koybasi Sanal, MD

Abstract

We aim to demonstrate possible autonomic dysfunction based on salivary α-amylase measurements during and after the vertigo attacks associated with Ménière disease (MD) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Patients admitted to the emergency room with a diagnosis of...

Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the middle ear and mastoid

September 27, 2018  |  Asnake Bitew, MD; Tsion Sahle, MD; Miriam Redleaf, MD FACS

Unlike metastatic cases, primary pleomorphic adenomas tend to recur and tend to be aggressive.

Audiologic profile in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A controlled study of 30 patients

September 27, 2018  |  Lumy Yagueshita, MD; Lucas Resende Lucinda, MD; Valderilio Azevedo, PhD; Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, PhD; Nicole Richter Minhoto Wiemes, MD; Jose Fernando Polanski, PhD

Abstract

Recent studies have identified sensorineural hearing loss as a possible manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis. We conducted a study of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis to characterize their audiologic profile and to correlate their disease activity and functional...

Protective effect of pentoxifylline on amikacin-induced ototoxicity

August 22, 2018  |  Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, MD; Said Abdelmonem, MD; Ebtessam Nada, MD; Dalia Galhoom, MD; Ahmed A. Abdelsameea, MD

Abstract

We conducted an animal experiment to assess the effect of adding pentoxifylline to amikacin to prevent amikacin-induced ototoxicity. This research was conducted on 24 rats arranged in four groups of 6. One group was injected with 200 mg/kg of intramuscular amikacin once daily...

Chronic otitis media with effusion in chronic sinusitis with polyps

August 22, 2018  |  Mary Daval, MD; Herve; Picard, MD, MSc; Emilie Bequignon, MD; Philippe Bedbeder, MD; Andre Coste, MD, PhD; Denis Ayache, MD, PhD; Virginie Escabasse, MD, PhD

Abstract

The relationship between otitis media with effusion (OME) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) remains unclear. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 80 consecutively presenting patients-42 males and 38 females, aged 15 to 76 years (median: 48)-who were...

Persistent stapedial artery with ankylosis of the stapes footplate

August 22, 2018  |  Fiona C. Hill, MBBS; Bing Teh, MBBS; Michael Tykocinski, FRACS

Persistent stapedial artery may present as a pulsatile middle ear mass or may appear as an incidental finding during middle ear surgery.

Iatrogenic skull base cholesteatoma

August 18, 2018  |  Renuka K. Reddy, BS; Kristen A. Echanique, BS; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Iatrogenic skull base cholesteatomais a rare consequence of canal-wall-up mastoidectomy, and it can be difficult to visualize otoscopically, contributing to a delayed diagnosis.

Tympanometric volume as a useful tool for the evaluation of middle ear status in chronic otitis media

August 18, 2018  |  Shin Hye Kim, MD, PhD; Hyun Sook Hong, MD, PhD; Jong Dae Lee, MD, PhD; Moo Kyun Park, MD, PhD

Abstract

Tympanometric volume is a useful tool for evaluating middle ear status in otitis media. However, its usefulness in chronic otitis media (COM) has not been well evaluated. This study aimed to investigate whether tympanometric volume reflects the status of the middle ear and...

Analysis of the audiogram shape in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss using a cluster analysis

August 18, 2018  |  Tetsuo Watanabe, MD, PhD; Masashi Suzuki, MD, PhD

Abstract

We performed a cluster analysis to classify the audiogram shape in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). We also investigated whether the audiogram shape is a prognostic indicator in the management of ISSNHL. A total of 115 inpatients with ISSNHL...

Stapes surgery in patients with a small air-bone gap

August 18, 2018  |  Jeremy Lavy, FRCS(ORL-HNS); Fiona McClenaghan, MRCS

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine hearing outcomes in patients undergoing stapes surgery with a preoperative air-bone gap (ABG) <21.25 dB. Patients with a unilateral or bilateral preoperative ABG <21.25 dB undergoing primary stapes surgery were identified from...

Cochlear implantation using posterior suprameatal approach

August 18, 2018  |  Gabor Repassy, MD, PhD; Marianna Kustel, MD, PhD; Magdolna Szonyi, MD, PhD; Adam Enreiter, MSc; Ede Birtalan, MD, PhD; Laszlo Tamas, MD, PhD

Abstract

When cochlear implantation was first introduced, the mastoidectomy and posterior tympanotomy approach was the most frequently used technique to gain access to the middle ear and the cochlea. Since 2000, several authors have routinely used a non-mastoidectomy nonposterior...