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Vocal tract symptoms: Severity and frequency in patients on statins

April 30, 2018  |  Abdul-Latif Hamdan, MD, MPH, FACS; Marc Mourad, MD; Ghina Fakhri, BS; Doja Sarieddine, BS; Elie Khalifee, MD; Sami T. Azar, MD

Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze the frequency and severity of vocal tract symptoms in patients on statins. A total of 73 patients were enrolled in this study, 44 patients who were taking statins and 29 controls not taking statins. The severity and frequency of vocal...

Computational analysis of swallowing mechanics after surgery for obstructive sleep apnea

April 30, 2018  |  Mark A. Ellis, MD; Mariah B. Pate, MD; Hugh D. Dorris, BA; William G. Pearson Jr., PhD; Jimmy J. Brown, DDS, MD

Abstract

Multilevel upper airway surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to cause clinically significant dysphagia in some patients. We describe the cases of 2 adults with OSA who developed persistent dysphagia after multilevel upper airway surgery. Patient-specific...

Horizontal (vs. vertical) closure of the neo-pharynx is associated with superior postoperative swallowing after total laryngectomy

April 30, 2018  |  Giannis Thrasyvoulou, MD, PGCert Med, PhD; Petros V. Vlastarakos, MD, MSc, PhD; Michael Thrasyvoulou, BSc(Math); Aristides Sismanis, MD, FACS

Abstract

We conducted a cross-sectional study to compare the horizontal and vertical methods used in the surgical closure of the neo-pharynx after total laryngectomy in terms of their effect on swallowing function, swallowing-related quality of life (QOL), and overall QOL. We also...

An undulating vallecular cyst

April 30, 2018  |  Yu-Hsuan Lin, MD; Ming-Yee Lin, MD, PhD

Most vallecular cysts are indolent, but they carry the potential for airway obstruction if they become enlarged.

A rare cause of dysphagia: Pyriform sinus atypical lipomatous tumor

April 30, 2018  |  Yoseph A. Kram, MD; James M. McCann, DMD, MS; Joseph Golden, MD; Eric Wirtz, MD

Surgical excision in the hypopharynx can be challenging because of inadequate access and visualization.

Quality of life in patients with larynx cancer in Latin America: Comparison between laryngectomy and organ preservation protocols

March 14, 2018  |  Alvaro Sanabria, MD, PhD, FACS; Daniel Sánchez, MD; Andrés Chala, MD; Andres Alvarez, MD

Abstract

The effect on quality of life (QOL) of laryngectomy and organ preservation protocols is important in decision making. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate QOL outcomes of patients with advanced laryngeal tumors who were treated with laryngectomy or organ...

Reinke edema

March 14, 2018  |  Jessie C. Everaert, BS; Jonathan J. Romak, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Traditional surgical management evolved from vocal fold stripping to more conservative techniques.

Pharyngeal pack placement in minor oral surgery: A prospective, randomized, controlled study

March 14, 2018  |  Badr A. Al-Jandan, FRCD(C); Faiyaz Ahmed Syed, MDS; Ahed Zeidan, MD; Hesham Fathi Marei, MSc, MFDS (RCS Eng), PhD; Imran Farooq, MSc

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled study to investigate the influence of pharyngeal pack placement on postoperative nausea, vomiting, and throat pain after minor oral surgery. Our study group was made up of 80 patients-45 men and 35 women, aged 19 to 52 years (...

Complete resolution of guttate psoriasis after tonsillectomy

March 14, 2018  |  Jason E. Cohn, DO; Michael Pfeiffer, DO; Gerard Vernose, MD

It has been shown, especially with guttate psoriasis, that tonsillectomy has a potential benefit in psoriasis disease burden.

Relationship between dysarthria and oral-oropharyngeal dysphagia: The current evidence

March 14, 2018  |  Brandon J. Wang, BA, BBA; Felicia L. Carter, MA, CCC-SLP; Kenneth W. Altman, MD, PhD

Abstract

There is a high prevalence of dysphagia among patients with neuromuscular diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, and its consequences can be profound. However, the correlation between dysarthria and oral-oropharyngeal dysphagia remains unclear. We conducted a literature review...

Comparison of anterior palatoplasty and uvulopalatal flap placement for treating mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea

March 14, 2018  |  Suheyl Haytoglu, MD; Osman Kursat Arikan, MD; Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Birgul Tuhanioglu, MD; Mustafa Cortuk, MD

Abstract

We prospectively compared the efficacy of anterior palatoplasty and the uvulopalatal flap procedure for the treatment of patients with mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Our study group was made up of 45 patients who had been randomly assigned to undergo...

Psoriasis, chronic tonsillitis, and biofilms: Tonsillar pathologic findings supporting a microbial hypothesis

March 14, 2018  |  Herbert B. Allen, MD; Saagar Jadeja, BS; Rina M. Allawh, MD; Kavita Goyal, MD

Abstract

Group A Streptococcus has been identified as a possible etiologic agent in psoriasis in epidemiologic, immunologic, immunopathologic, medical, and surgical studies. Tonsillectomy has been shown to provide considerable relief to 75% of patients with plaque psoriasis. Even...