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Head and neck surgical reconstruction in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan: A systematic review

December 12, 2017  |  Samantha J. Mikals, MD; Joshua M. Jabaut, MD; Art A. Ambrosio, MD


Historically, head and neck injuries constituted 16 to 20% of all nonfatal combat injuries. However, advances in body and vehicle armor in the context of the use of ambushes and improvised explosive devices by enemy combatants have resulted in fewer fatalities from head and...

Preoperative evaluation and intraoperative protection of the facial nerve in congenital aural atresia

December 12, 2017  |  Jie Li, MD; Shouqin Zhao, PhD; Lin Yang, MD; Yi Li, PhD; Xiaobo Ma, PhD; Danni Wang, PhD; Ran Ren, MD; Ying Li, MD


We conducted a prospective study to assess the value of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in identifying facial nerve variations in patients with congenital aural atresia and to determine how they affect otologic reconstruction surgery. Our study population was made up...

Multidisciplinary management of a giant cervico-mediastinal liposarcoma: A case report and literature review

December 12, 2017  |  Andrea Galli, MD; Leone Giordano, MD; Piergiorgio Muriana, MD; Alessandro Bandiera, MD; Giampiero Negri, MD; Piero Zannini, MD; Mario Bussi, MD


Liposarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that usually develop in lower extremities or retroperitoneum; cervico-mediastinal presentation is quite uncommon. These neoplasms are commonly diagnosed at a late stage because they remain asymptomatic until nearby structures are...

Myeloid sarcoma of the thyroid

December 12, 2017  |  Dana Goldenberg; Monika Joshi, MD; Jozef Malysz, MD; David Claxton, MD; Elizabeth E. Cottrill, MD

Patients who have undergone allogeneic stem cell transplants are more likely to suffer from isolated myeloid sarcoma at relapse.

Acrokeratosis paraneoplastica (Bazex syndrome)

November 3, 2017  |  Jerome R. Lechien, MD, PhD, MS; Mohamad Khalife, MD; Sven Saussez, MD, PhD

The first stage of a...

Managing head and neck malignancy arising in a field of Crohn disease inflammation: Report of a case

November 3, 2017  |  Christina Yver, MD, MBA; Darshana Jhala, MD; Amanda Muir, MD; Devraj Basu, MD, PhD


Some of the clinical characteristics of Crohn disease of the head and neck overlap those of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. We describe the diagnostic and therapeutic complexities we encountered in an unusual case of piriform sinus cancer that had arisen in a...

Guidelines for radiographic imaging of cranial neuropathies

November 3, 2017  |  Aliasgher Khaku, BS; Vijay Patel, BS; Thomas Zacharia, MD; David Goldenberg, MD; Johnathan McGinn, MD


Disruption of the complex pathways of the 12 cranial nerves can occur at any site along their course, and many, varied pathologic processes may initially manifest as dysfunction and neuropathy. Radiographic imaging (computed topography or magnetic resonance imaging) is...

Myopericytoma of the neck originating in the middle scalene muscle: A case report

November 3, 2017  |  Mark B. Chaskes, MD, MBA; John W. Bishop, MD; Matthew Bobinski, MD, PhD; D. Gregory Farwell, MD


We report a case of myopericytoma of the neck. A 23-year-old woman noticed a small, nontender mass in her left supraclavicular fossa. The mass had grown over a period of 5 months, prompting her to seek evaluation. On examination, no motor or sensory deficits were present....

Ear fetal rhabdomyoma

September 18, 2017  |  Lester D. Thompson, MD

The soft tissues of the orbit, ear, and oral cavity are the most frequent sites of involvement, although adult-type rhabdomyomas are more common in the parapharyngeal and laryngeal spaces.

Social media in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery

September 18, 2017  |  Modupe Oyewumi, MD; John Lee, MD, MSc, FRCSC; Allan Vescan, MD, FRCSC


The objective of this study was to assess the current use of social media tools within Canadian otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) programs and to assess the interest within these programs to integrate social media for networking, social, and educational programs. A...

Markers of proliferation and cytokeratins in the differential diagnosis of jaw cysts

September 18, 2017  |  Nikola D. Zivkovic, PhD; Dragan S. Mihailovic, PhD; Milos S. Kostic, PhD; Ana S. Cvetanovic, MD; Zaklina Z. Mijovic, PhD; Maja V. Jovicic Milentijevic, PhD; Tijana V. Dencic, MD

An incidental thyroid nodule

August 24, 2017  |  John P. Flynn, MD; Peter A. Morawiecki, MD; Marco A. Ayala, MD

Preoperative diagnosis of intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas is essential to determining correct surgical management