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Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the middle ear and mastoid

September 27, 2018  |  Asnake Bitew, MD; Tsion Sahle, MD; Miriam Redleaf, MD FACS

Unlike metastatic cases, primary pleomorphic adenomas tend to recur and tend to be aggressive.

Tympanometric volume as a useful tool for the evaluation of middle ear status in chronic otitis media

August 18, 2018  |  Shin Hye Kim, MD, PhD; Hyun Sook Hong, MD, PhD; Jong Dae Lee, MD, PhD; Moo Kyun Park, MD, PhD

Abstract

Tympanometric volume is a useful tool for evaluating middle ear status in otitis media. However, its usefulness in chronic otitis media (COM) has not been well evaluated. This study aimed to investigate whether tympanometric volume reflects the status of the middle ear and...

Hemifacial spasm secondary to middle ear cholesteatoma

June 28, 2018  |  Maheep Sohal, MD; Nicholas Karter, MD; Marc Eisen, MD, PhD

Abstract

Hemifacial spasm is a peripheral myoclonus of the VIIth cranial nerve that is characterized by paroxysmal contraction of the muscles of facial expression. It exists in both primary and secondary forms. In rare cases, hemifacial spasm is caused by middle ear pathology. We...

Mastoid obliteration, scutum plasty, and ossiculoplasty without staging after canal-wall-up attico-mastoidectomy in adults

June 28, 2018  |  Shao-Cheng Liu, MD; Shyi-Gen Chen, MD; Chih-Hung Wang, MD; Bor-Rong Huang, MD

Abstract

In a retrospective chart review, we evaluated the surgical and hearing results of a single-stage procedure consisting of a canal-wall-up attico-mastoidectomy, mastoid cavity obliteration, scutum plasty, and ossiculoplasty. A total of 77 patients treated between March 2003 and...

Management of benign middle ear tumors: A series of 7 cases

November 3, 2017  |  Z. Jason Qian, MD; Amy M. Coffey, MD; Kathleen M. O'Toole, MD; Anil K. Lalwani, MD

Abstract

Benign middle ear tumors represent a rare group of neoplasms that vary widely in their pathology, anatomy, and clinical findings. These factors have made it difficult to establish guidelines for the resection of such tumors. Here we present 7 unique cases of these rare and...

Sensorineural hearing loss after otitis media with effusion and subacute mastoiditis after viral infections of the upper respiratory tract: A comparative study of conservative and surgical treatment

September 19, 2016  |  Thomas Wilhelm, MD, PhD; Tim Stelzer, MD; Rudolf Hagen, MD, PhD

Abstract

Involvement of the middle ear after viral infections of the upper airways may lead to serous otitis media with effusion in the absence of bacterial infection. This can be accompanied by a concomitant shading of the mastoid air cells, which could manifest as a reduced opacity on...

Clinical, functional, and surgical findings in chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion in childhood

August 21, 2016  |  Svetlana Diacova, MD; Thomas J. McDonald, MD; Ion Ababii, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, observational study over a 3-year period to compare the clinical, functional, and surgical findings in children with chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion who underwent one of three different types of treatment. Our study population was made...

Epitympanic meningoencephalocele presenting as a growing middle ear mass

July 18, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

This patient had a subtle middle ear mass without an obvious effusion at the initial presentation; on repeat examination, it became more obvious that this was a meningoencephalocele

Comparison of a microsliced modified chondroperichondrium shield graft and a temporalis fascia graft in primary type I tympanoplasty: A prospective randomized controlled trial

July 18, 2016  |  Shambhu Nath Bhattacharya, MS; Sudipta Pal, MS; Somnath Saha, MS; Prasanta Kumar Gure, MS; Anupam Roy, MS

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to compare outcomes in type I tympanoplasty patients who received an autologous microsliced modified cartilage perichondrium shield graft (cartilage group) and those who received an autologous temporalis muscle fascia...

Improved visualization of a dehiscent facial nerve with otoendoscopy

April 30, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

In middle ear surgery, endoscopy is a valuable instrument for second-look procedures in cholesteatoma.

Endolymphatic sac tumor in association with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

March 16, 2016  |  Kevin Shaigany, BS; Alejandro Vazquez, MD; Kelvin M. Kwong, MD; James K. Liu, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Patients with ELST present most commonly with sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, in a pattern reminiscent of Ménière disease.

The effects of round window membrane injury and the use of a model electrode application on hearing in rats

March 16, 2016  |  Murat Koc, MD; Abdullah Dalgic, MD; Mehmet Ziya Ozuer, MD

Abstract

We conducted an animal experiment to investigate the effects of mechanical trauma to the round window with the placement of a model electrode inserted into the scala tympani on the cochlear reserve, and to determine the efficacy of topical steroids in preventing hearing loss in...

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