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Association of Meniere disease with human leukocyte antigen in Taiwanese population

December 10, 2018  |  Kai-Chieh Chan, MD; Che-Ming Wu, MD; Wan-Ling Ho, MD, PhD; Ping-Chin Lai, MD, PhD


The etiology of Ménière disease (MD) is multifactorial; genetic factors seem to play an important role. The associations between MD and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) status have been studied previously in several populations and have shown that the HLA alleles imparting...

Salivary alpha-amylase levels in vertigo: Can it be an autonomic dysfunction?

September 27, 2018  |  Tanzer Korkmaz, MD; Yusuf Ozgur Bicer, MD; Erdinc Serin, MD; Sinan Seyhan, MD; Serap Koybasi Sanal, MD


We aim to demonstrate possible autonomic dysfunction based on salivary α-amylase measurements during and after the vertigo attacks associated with Ménière disease (MD) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Patients admitted to the emergency room with a diagnosis of...

Otosclerosis in a nonendemic population: Utility of CT scan and correlation with audiometry and surgical outcome

June 28, 2018  |  Lu Hui Png, MBBS, MRCS, MMed(ORL); Jing-Yin Pang, MBBS, MRCS(Edin), MMed(ORL); Amit Karandikar, MBBS, FRCR(UK); Julian Park Nam Goh, MBBS, FRCR(UK); Seng Beng Yeo, MBBS, FRCS(Edin), FAMS(ORL); Heng Wai Yuen, MBBS, MRCS, MMed(ORL)


The incidence of otosclerosis in nonendemic patients is low, and preoperative diagnosis can be challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with otosclerosis and determine their correlation with audiometric findings and...

Temporal bone anomalies associated with unbalanced 9;13 chromosome translocation depicted on CT and MRI

January 14, 2018  |  Daniel Thomas Ginat, MD, MS

The presence of microtia in conjunction with inner ear anomalies is uncommon.

Risk of posterior semicircular canal trauma when using a retrosigmoid approach for acoustic neuroma surgery and role of endoscopy: An imaging study

January 14, 2018  |  Ali Kouhi, MD; Varasteh Vakili Zarch, MD; Ali Pouyan, MD


The rate of hearing preservation after vestibular schwannoma surgery is variable and is not as high as expected, possibly due to injuries to the posterior semicircular canal while exposing the tumor. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of posterior semicircular canal...

A rare cause of conductive hearing loss: High lateralized jugular bulb with bony dehiscence

June 14, 2016  |  James G. Barr, MRCS(ENT), BSc, BM; Pranay K. Singh, MD, FRCS, (ORL-HNS)


We present a rare case of pediatric conductive hearing loss due to a high lateralized jugular bulb. An 8-year-old boy with a right-sided conductive hearing loss of 40 dB was found to have a pink bulge toward the inferior part of the right eardrum. Computed tomography showed a...

Bone-anchored hearing aid implantation in a patient with Goldenhar syndrome

December 14, 2015  |  Griffin Santarelli, MD; Roberta E. Redfern, PhD; Aaron G. Benson, MD


Patients with Goldenhar syndrome exhibit a number of characteristic symptoms, including middle and internal ear malformations that may cause profound hearing loss. Bone-anchored hearing aids have been used to treat these patients in the past, although complications may arise...

Progression of autoimmune inner ear disease to labyrinthitis ossificans: Clinical and radiologic correlation

March 2, 2015  |  Jenn Nee Khoo, FRCR; Tiong Yong Tan, FRCR


We report the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with fluctuating bilateral sensorineural hearing loss that subsequently progressed to a complete hearing loss, and we describe the correlation between the clinical and radiologic features of this case. To the best of our...

Vertigo in elderly patients: A review of 164 cases in Brazil

August 28, 2014  |  Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz, MD, PhD


The author conducted a study to identify and categorize those vestibular disorders that were the most common among elderly patients at his private clinic over a 20-year period. He reviewed the records of 735 patients aged 65 to 90 years. The most common diagnosis was vertigo...

Laterality of sudden sensorineural hearing loss

August 28, 2014  |  Michael Reiss, MD; Gilfe Reiss, MD


It is known that sudden sensorineural hearing loss and other otoneurologic diseases, such as tinnitus or Ménière disease, occur more frequently in the left ear than in the right. We studied lateralization of sudden deafness in 489 patients treated at Radebeul Hospital from...

Fungal otitis externa as a cause of tympanic membrane perforation: A case series

August 28, 2014  |  James Eingun Song, MD; Thomas J. Haberkamp, MD; Riddhi Patel, MD; Miriam I. Redleaf, MD


We describe a series of 11 patients-8 men and 3 women, aged 18 to 70 years (mean: 46.0)-who had fungal otitis externa that had been complicated by a tympanic membrane perforation. These patients had been referred to us for evaluation of chronic, mostly treatment-refractory...

Prevalence and correlates of dizziness in the Ibadan Study of Ageing

May 8, 2014  |  Akeem O. Lasisi, MBChB, FWACS, FMCORL; Oye Gureje, MBBS, PhD, DSc


Dizziness is common among older people, but little is known about its prevalence and risk factors in the sub-Saharan population. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of dizziness and its sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical correlates in 1,299...


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