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Laryngeal hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia

December 10, 2018  |  Jerome R. Lechien, MD, PHD, MS; Camille Finck, MD, PhD

Laryngeal telengiectasia involving the vocal folds is known to cause hemorrhages, which are often difficult to control given the vascular wall fragility.

Nonarytenoid laryngeal granulomas

September 27, 2018  |  Marissa Evarts, DO; Jonathan Romak, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Contact and postintubation granulomas rarely are located on the middle third or anterior portion of the vocal folds, with few reported in the literature.

Improved swallow outcomes after injection laryngoplasty in unilateral vocal fold immobility

August 22, 2018  |  Steven Zuniga, MD; Barbara Ebersole, MA, CCC-SLP; Nausheen Jamal, MD


While the impact of injection laryngoplasty on voice outcomes in unilateral vocal fold immobility has been well characterized, there is a relative paucity of literature investigating its influence on swallow function and outcomes. We performed a retrospective chart review of...

Reinke edema

March 14, 2018  |  Jessie C. Everaert, BS; Jonathan J. Romak, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Traditional surgical management evolved from vocal fold stripping to more conservative techniques.

Transnasal vocal fold augmentation

January 14, 2018  |  Michael J. Knabel, BS; Jonathan M. Bock, MD, FACS

Transnasal vocal fold augmentation is tolerated well by patients, easy to perform, and can be done without an assistant.

Retropharyngeal hematoma following botulinum toxin injection for abductor spasmodic dysphonia

December 12, 2017  |  Joo Koh, MBBS; Sanjay Raghav, MBBS, MD, FRACP; Malcolm Baxter, OAM, MBBS, FRACS

Abductor spasmodic dysphonia is characterized by abductor spasms leading to breathy voice breaks or whispering quality, particularly during prolonged voice production.

Changes in abnormal muscle tension pattern after fiberoptic injection laryngoplasty

December 12, 2017  |  Georges Ziade, MD; Ghassan Haddad, MD; Sarah Assaad, MPH; Maher Kasti, MD; Abdul-Latif Hamdan, MD


We performed a retrospective chart review to compare the presence and types of abnormal muscle tension patterns (MTPs) in patients who had been diagnosed with glottal insufficiency before and after fiberoptic injection laryngoplasty. The main cause of glottal insufficiency had...

Paresis podule on a paralyzed vocal fold

August 24, 2017  |  Karthik S. Shastri, MD; Aaron J. Jaworek, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Paresis podules are localized areas of Reinke edema that can develop on paretic or paralyzed vocal folds, or on the contralateral vocal fold.

A severe case of Reinke edema

July 18, 2017  |  Mark C. Lentner, DO; Nathan L. Colon, MD; Amanda Hu, MD, FRCSC

Heavy smoking (especially in women), laryngopharyngeal reflux, hypothyroidism, and voice abuse are common etiologies associated with this condition.

Vocal fold hemorrhage into a physiologic sulcus

June 20, 2017  |  Daniel A. Benito, MD; Jonathan J. Romak, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Predisposing factors include traumatic vocal activities such as aggressive singing, throat clearing, coughing, or shouting, especially with the use of anticoagulants.

Positron-emission tomography enhancement after vocal fold injection medialization

June 20, 2017  |  Nazaneen Grant, MD; Richard J. Wong, MD; Dennis H. Kraus, MD; Heiko Schoder, MD; Ryan C. Branski, PhD


The potential for the misinterpretation of positron-emission tomography (PET) scans in the context of a possible malignancy has been confirmed in a case report showing increased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake after unilateral vocal fold augmentation medialization. We...

Atypical presentation of vocal fold granulomas

April 30, 2017  |  Raj B. Patel, MD; Aaron Jaworek, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Vocal fold granulomas usually form near the vocal process or on the mucosa covering the medial surface of the arytenoid cartilage. These lesions are not true granulomas and consist of fibroblasts, collagen, leukocytes, and proliferating capillaries.


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