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Hearing Loss

Risk of developing sudden sensorineural hearing loss in patients with hepatitis B virus infection: A population-based study

November 8, 2018  |  Yao-Te Tsai, MD; Ku-Hao Fang, MD; Yao-Hsu Yang, MD, MSc; Meng-Hung Lin, PhD; Pau-Chung Chen, MD, PhD; Ming-Shao Tsai, MD; Cheng-Ming Hsu, MD


Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) has significant impact on quality of life. It may result from viral infection, but the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and SSNHL remains uncertain. To investigate the risk of developing SSNHL in patients with HBV...

Anxiety and depression in patients with sudden one-sided hearing loss

November 8, 2018  |  Fatih Arslan, MD; Emre Aydemir, MD; Yavuz Selim Kaya, MD; Hasan Arslan, MD; Abdullah Durmaz, MD


Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a hearing loss of >30 dB in at least three consecutive frequencies that occurs in 3 days. The aim of this study was to investigate anxiety and depression caused by sudden, idiopathic, one-sided hearing loss. The levels of anxiety and...

The effect of zoledronic acid on middle ear osteoporosis: An animal study

November 8, 2018  |  Ozgur Surmelioglu, MD; Feyha Kahya Aydogan, MD; Suleyman Ozdemir, MD; Ozgur Tarkan, MD; Aysun Uguz, MD; Ulku Tuncer, MD; Lutfi Barlas Aydogan, MD


Hearing function in older patients may be related to bone structure. We conducted an experiment to evaluate the effect of zoledronic acid on osteoporotic middle ear ossicles in an animal model. Our subjects were 19 female New Zealand white rabbits (38 ears) weighing 2 to 4 kg....

Bilateral spontaneous temporomandibular joint herniation: A case report and literature review

September 27, 2018  |  Daniel C. O'Brien, MD, MAS; Kaylee R. Purpura, MD; Adam M. Cassis, MD


In this article we report the case of a 41-year-old man with bilateral aural fullness and hearing loss. On examination he was found to have bilateral, dehiscent anterior canal walls with herniation of the mandibular condyle. This herniation partially obstructed the canals and...

Audiologic profile in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A controlled study of 30 patients

September 27, 2018  |  Lumy Yagueshita, MD; Lucas Resende Lucinda, MD; Valderilio Azevedo, PhD; Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, PhD; Nicole Richter Minhoto Wiemes, MD; Jose Fernando Polanski, PhD


Recent studies have identified sensorineural hearing loss as a possible manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis. We conducted a study of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis to characterize their audiologic profile and to correlate their disease activity and functional...

Persistent stapedial artery with ankylosis of the stapes footplate

August 22, 2018  |  Fiona C. Hill, MBBS; Bing Teh, MBBS; Michael Tykocinski, FRACS

Persistent stapedial artery may present as a pulsatile middle ear mass or may appear as an incidental finding during middle ear surgery.

Analysis of the audiogram shape in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss using a cluster analysis

August 18, 2018  |  Tetsuo Watanabe, MD, PhD; Masashi Suzuki, MD, PhD


We performed a cluster analysis to classify the audiogram shape in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). We also investigated whether the audiogram shape is a prognostic indicator in the management of ISSNHL. A total of 115 inpatients with ISSNHL...

Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials and intravestibular intralabyrinthine schwannomas

August 18, 2018  |  Massimo Ralli, MD, PhD; Giuseppe Nola, MD; Massimo Fusconi, MD; Luca Sparvoli, MD; Giovanni Ralli, MD


Intravestibular intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are uncommon benign tumors that arise from the saccular, utricular, and lateral and superior ampullary nerves. According to the literature, there is an average delay of 8 years between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis. The...

Prevalence of mutations in the GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3, and MT-RNR1 genes in 103 children with sensorineural hearing loss in Shaoxing, China

June 28, 2018  |  Hong Yu, MM; Dan Liu, MM; Jingqun Yang, MM; Zhiqiang Wu, MM


Mutations in the GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3, and MT-RNR1 genes are known to be a common cause of hearing loss. However, the frequency of hot-spot mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) has been less frequently...

Otosclerosis in a nonendemic population: Utility of CT scan and correlation with audiometry and surgical outcome

June 28, 2018  |  Lu Hui Png, MBBS, MRCS, MMed(ORL); Jing-Yin Pang, MBBS, MRCS(Edin), MMed(ORL); Amit Karandikar, MBBS, FRCR(UK); Julian Park Nam Goh, MBBS, FRCR(UK); Seng Beng Yeo, MBBS, FRCS(Edin), FAMS(ORL); Heng Wai Yuen, MBBS, MRCS, MMed(ORL)


The incidence of otosclerosis in nonendemic patients is low, and preoperative diagnosis can be challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with otosclerosis and determine their correlation with audiometric findings and...

Schwartze sign

March 14, 2018  |  Kevin A. Peng, MD; John W. House, MD

The Schwartze sign is estimated to affect fewer than 10% of patients with otosclerosis, and it reflects the increased vascularity of otospongiotic bone in the otic capsule.

Temporal bone anomalies associated with unbalanced 9;13 chromosome translocation depicted on CT and MRI

January 14, 2018  |  Daniel Thomas Ginat, MD, MS

The presence of microtia in conjunction with inner ear anomalies is uncommon.


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