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Dysphagia

Hyperplastic epiglottis caused by chronic inflammation

January 24, 2013  |  Mark D. Wilkie, MBChB; Samuel C. Leong, MPhil; Alessandro Panarese, FRCS; Arnab Banerjee, FRCS

Due to the development of Hib vaccines, the epidemiology of epiglottitis has shifted dramatically back toward adult presentations, with a marked decline in the incidence among children.

Hypoglossal nerve tumor: A rare primary extracranial meningioma of the neck

November 1, 2012  |  Abu Bakar Zulkiflee, MS; Narayanan Prepageran, FRCS; Omar Rahmat, MS; Pailoor Jayalaskhmi, MPath, FRCPath; Tengku Sharizal, MS

Abstract

We report a case of primary extracranial meningioma arising from the hypoglossal nerve in a 54-year-old man who presented with a 9-month history of hoarseness and progressive dysphagia. He had also noticed that his tongue was deviated to the left and, as a result, he was having...

Dysphagia after strangulation

September 7, 2012  |  Jenna Briddell, MD; Andrew Mallon, DO; Rima A. DeFatta, MD; Farhad Chowdhury, DO; Matthew Nagorsky, MD, FACS

Patients with an isolated cornu fracture can be asymptomatic in the acute setting, only to develop symptoms of chronic odynophagia and globus sensation months after the inciting injury.

The effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on laryngopharyngeal sensitivity

September 7, 2012  |  Nicola A. Clayton, MScMed, BAppSc; Giselle D. Carnaby-Mann, MPH, PhD; Matthew J. Peters, MD; Alvin J. Ing, MBBS, MD

Abstract

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be at increased risk of aspiration secondary to impaired swallow function. One possible cause of this impairment is a reduction in laryngopharyngeal sensitivity. The relationship between COPD and...

Massive Zenker diverticulum

August 10, 2012  |  Jonathan M. Bock, MD; John J. Petronovich, BS; Joel H. Blumin, MD

Zenker diverticula rarely extend deep into the chest and induce severe dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia. In fact, only rare cases have been reported in the literature that exhibit such significant extension into the mediastinum.

Killian-Jamieson diverticulum

May 1, 2012  |  Ashli K. O'Rourke, MD; Paul M. Weinberger, MD; Gregory N. Postma, MD

Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is generally smaller than Zenker diverticulum and is associated with less dysphagia, regurgitation, and gastroesophageal reflux.

Percutaneous injection pharyngoplasty for the treatment of a pharyngocele

February 18, 2012  |  Amanda Hu, MD, FRCSC and Albert L. Merati, MD, FACS

Myoepithelioma of the vallecula: A case report

July 14, 2011  |  Wassim Kermani, MD, Malek Belcadhi, MD, Moncef Ben Ali, MD, Badreddine Sriha, MD, and Kamel Bouzouita, MD

Abstract

Myoepitheliomas are rare and generally benign neoplasms that account for fewer than 1% of all salivary gland tumors. A myoepithelioma neoplasm is almost entirely composed of myoepithelial cells and is most frequently located in the parotid gland and in the minor salivary glands...

Nasopharyngeal dendritic cell sarcoma, not otherwise specified, in a 34-year-old man

June 14, 2011  |  William B. Horton, BS, David A. Joyner, MD, William P. Daley, MD, Karen T. Pitman, MD, and Majid A. Khan, MD

Abstract

Dendritic cell sarcoma, not otherwise specified (NOS), is an entity that is poorly defined because of its rarity and poorly understood pathogenesis. It is characterized by positive immunohistochemical staining for S-100 and CD1a, along with an absence of cytoplasmic Birbeck...

Bilateral saccular cysts

May 1, 2011  |  Anthony M. Bianchi, MD, Farhad R. Chowdhury, DO, and Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Scleroderma

May 1, 2011  |  Michele P. Morrison, DO, Paul M. Weinberger, MD, and Gregory N. Postma, MD

Hypopharyngeal diverticulum formation following anterior discectomy and fusion: Case series

November 1, 2010  |  Terah J. Allis, MD, Nazaneen N. Grant, MD, and Bruce J. Davidson

Abstract

Pharyngoesophageal diverticulum is a rare complication following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Dysphagia is a well-documented complication associated with ACDF. It may result postoperatively from a variety of etiologies, including hardware displacement,...

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