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Embryogenic cervico-thyro-piriform tract

October 4, 2012  |  J. Madana, MS, DNB; Deeke Yolmo, MS; Sunil Kumar Saxena, MS; S. Gopalakrishnan, MS

Abstract

Branchial cleft fistulae are rare congenital anomalies that arise from the abnormal persistence of branchial remnants. Branchial arch anomalies are rare. They usually present as a lateral neck mass or abscess in the form of acute suppurative thyroiditis. A...

Middle fossa repair of bilateral large congenital tegmental defects with meningoencephaloceles

June 4, 2012  |  Anil Joshi, MS(ENT), MRCS; Wendy Smith, FRCS(ORL–HNS); David A. Moffat, FRCS

Abstract

Spontaneous temporal meningoencephaloceles are unusual. When they do occur, they present with a variety of signs and symptoms, which can make diagnosis and management challenging. We report the interesting case of a 49-year-old woman with bilateral...

Giant tracheocele with multiple congenital anomalies

May 1, 2012  |  J. Madana, MS, DNB; Deeke Yolmo, MS; Sunil Kumar Saxena, MS; S. Gopalakrishnan, MS

Abstract

Tracheocele-an outpouching of tracheal mucous membrane-is an uncommon entity. It can occur as a congenital or acquired form. The congenital entity remains mostly dormant until adulthood, and then it typically presents as a herniation with multiple air-filled sacs. The acquired...

Thyroid hemiagenesis

May 1, 2012  |  Kuang-chun Hsieh, MD; Montu Patel, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Harold R. Neitzschman, MD, FACR

In cases of incidental thyroid hemiagenesis, findings on endocrinologic and functional studies are usually normal, and there is no evidence that the incidence of thyroid pathology is any greater in these patients than it is in the general population.

Lateral ectopic thyroid: A case diagnosed preoperatively

April 1, 2012  |  Héctor Prado, MD, Alejandro Prado, MD, and Bertha Castillo, MD

Abstract

Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon condition defined as the presence of thyroid tissue at a site other than the pretracheal area. When the process of embryologic migration is disturbed, aberrant thyroid tissue may appear. In most cases, ectopic thyroid is located along the...

Congenital os vomer agenesis: Case report and literature review

April 1, 2012  |  Ediz Yorgancilar, MD, Muzeyyen Yildirim, MD, Ramazan Gun, MD, Faruk Meric, MD, and Ismail Topcu, MD

Abstract

Defects of the nasal septum occur as a result of a variety of causes, including tuberculosis, irritation, neoplasia, trauma, infection, and chronic inflammatory diseases. Congenital os vomer agenesis as a cause is very rare. We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a defect...

Frontal infundibular cells: Pathway to the frontal sinus

March 1, 2012  |  Ozum Tuncyurek, MD, Murat Songu, MD, Zehra Hilal Adibelli, MD, and Kazim Onal, MD

Abstract

A frontal infundibular cell (FIC) is an uncommon anatomic variant of an anterior ethmoid pneumatization that originates from the frontal recess and typically extends into the lumen of the frontal sinus ostium. FICs may show several anatomic variants that impact the anatomy of...

Two-flap palatoplasty: Description of the surgical technique and reporting of results at a single center

March 1, 2012  |  Emmanouel Koudoumnakis, MD, Ioannis M. Vlastos, MD, PhD, Kostas Parpounas, MD, PhD, and Michael Houlakis, MD, PhD

Abstract

Two-flap palatoplasty is commonly used to treat cleft palate defects, but only a few reports on outcomes have been published in the literature. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 257 cases of cleft palate treated with two-flap palatoplasty at a single center in Greece...

Type 1 first branchial cleft anomaly: Duplication of the external auditory canal

July 14, 2011  |  Matthew L. Carlson, MD, David J. Archibald, MD, and Shelagh A. Cofer, MD

Paradoxical giant inferior concha

July 14, 2011  |  Barış Naiboğlu, MD, Atılay Yaylacı, MD, and Çağatay Oysu, MD

Abstract

Anatomic variations of the middle and superior conchae are common, but inferior concha anomalies are rare. These anomalies have included pneumatization, agenesis, and duplication. We describe what we believe is the first reported case of a paradoxical curvature of the bony part...

Stahl ear deformity associated with Finlay-Marks syndrome

June 1, 2010  |  Young S. Paik, MD and C.W. David Chang, MD

Adult presentation of a fourth branchial pouch sinus

October 1, 2009  |  Jon Robitschek, MD, Nici Bothwell, MD, Guy Takahashi, MD, Daniel Hall, MD, FACS, and Joseph Sniezek, MD, FACS

Abstract

A fourth branchial pouch sinus is a rare clinical entity. The handful of previously reported cases have all involved children. We report a rare case of an intrathyroidal fourth branchial pouch sinus in an adult. A 36-year-old man presented with a recurrent left-sided deep neck...

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