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Thyroid hemiagenesis

May 1, 2012  |  Kuang-chun Hsieh, MD; Montu Patel, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Harold R. Neitzschman, MD, FACR

In cases of incidental thyroid hemiagenesis, findings on endocrinologic and functional studies are usually normal, and there is no evidence that the incidence of thyroid pathology is any greater in these patients than it is in the general population.

Giant tracheocele with multiple congenital anomalies

May 1, 2012  |  J. Madana, MS, DNB; Deeke Yolmo, MS; Sunil Kumar Saxena, MS; S. Gopalakrishnan, MS


Tracheocele-an outpouching of tracheal mucous membrane-is an uncommon entity. It can occur as a congenital or acquired form. The congenital entity remains mostly dormant until adulthood, and then it typically presents as a herniation with multiple air-filled sacs. The acquired...

Congenital os vomer agenesis: Case report and literature review

April 1, 2012  |  Ediz Yorgancilar, MD, Muzeyyen Yildirim, MD, Ramazan Gun, MD, Faruk Meric, MD, and Ismail Topcu, MD


Defects of the nasal septum occur as a result of a variety of causes, including tuberculosis, irritation, neoplasia, trauma, infection, and chronic inflammatory diseases. Congenital os vomer agenesis as a cause is very rare. We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a defect...

Lateral ectopic thyroid: A case diagnosed preoperatively

April 1, 2012  |  Héctor Prado, MD, Alejandro Prado, MD, and Bertha Castillo, MD


Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon condition defined as the presence of thyroid tissue at a site other than the pretracheal area. When the process of embryologic migration is disturbed, aberrant thyroid tissue may appear. In most cases, ectopic thyroid is located along the...

Two-flap palatoplasty: Description of the surgical technique and reporting of results at a single center

March 1, 2012  |  Emmanouel Koudoumnakis, MD, Ioannis M. Vlastos, MD, PhD, Kostas Parpounas, MD, PhD, and Michael Houlakis, MD, PhD


Two-flap palatoplasty is commonly used to treat cleft palate defects, but only a few reports on outcomes have been published in the literature. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 257 cases of cleft palate treated with two-flap palatoplasty at a single center in Greece...

Frontal infundibular cells: Pathway to the frontal sinus

March 1, 2012  |  Ozum Tuncyurek, MD, Murat Songu, MD, Zehra Hilal Adibelli, MD, and Kazim Onal, MD


A frontal infundibular cell (FIC) is an uncommon anatomic variant of an anterior ethmoid pneumatization that originates from the frontal recess and typically extends into the lumen of the frontal sinus ostium. FICs may show several anatomic variants that impact the anatomy of...

Type 1 first branchial cleft anomaly: Duplication of the external auditory canal

July 14, 2011  |  Matthew L. Carlson, MD, David J. Archibald, MD, and Shelagh A. Cofer, MD

Paradoxical giant inferior concha

July 14, 2011  |  Barış Naiboğlu, MD, Atılay Yaylacı, MD, and Çağatay Oysu, MD


Anatomic variations of the middle and superior conchae are common, but inferior concha anomalies are rare. These anomalies have included pneumatization, agenesis, and duplication. We describe what we believe is the first reported case of a paradoxical curvature of the bony part...

Stahl ear deformity associated with Finlay-Marks syndrome

June 1, 2010  |  Young S. Paik, MD and C.W. David Chang, MD

Adult presentation of a fourth branchial pouch sinus

October 1, 2009  |  Jon Robitschek, MD, Nici Bothwell, MD, Guy Takahashi, MD, Daniel Hall, MD, FACS, and Joseph Sniezek, MD, FACS


A fourth branchial pouch sinus is a rare clinical entity. The handful of previously reported cases have all involved children. We report a rare case of an intrathyroidal fourth branchial pouch sinus in an adult. A 36-year-old man presented with a recurrent left-sided deep neck...

Fistulography: A useful imaging modality for identifying the exact location and extent of complete branchial fistulas

September 1, 2009  |  Sampan Singh Bist, MS, Saurabh Varshney, MS, Rakesh Kumar, MS, and Nitin Gupta, MS

Ectopic molar in the maxillary sinus precipitating a mucocele: A case report and literature review

August 1, 2009  |  Jarom F. Lamb, MD, Omar F. Husein, MD, and Adam C. Spiess, MD


Ectopic teeth are rarely found in the maxillary sinus. When they are, they represent an anomaly of odontogenic development that is generally associated with odontogenic cysts, trauma, or idiopathic etiology. Although affected patients are often asymptomatic, documented...


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