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Tonsillitis with acute myeloid leukemia: A case series for caution

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April 18, 2013
by Jagdeep S. Thakur, MS; N.K. Mohindroo, MS, DLO; D.R. Sharma, MS; Shobha Mohindroo, MD; Anamika Thakur, MD


Worldwide, tonsillitis is very common. The most common etiology is cross-infection with bacteria and viruses. These cases are managed with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs without any further investigation because the diagnosis is based on simple clinical examination. Usually, leukemia presents with bleeding, weight loss, lymphadenopathy, fever, and frequent infection. Tonsillitis is a rare first presentation of leukemia. We present 3 cases in which the diagnosis of leukemia was made on routine examination, and in 1 case diagnosis was suspected during tonsillectomy.

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