A 39-year-old white man presented with a swollen left upper eyelid secondary to progressive acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS). Physical examination found a 40% reduction in vision in the left eye and right-sided erythematous temporal swelling with tenderness to palpation. Computed tomography revealed the presence of an inflammatory lesion in the left orbit. Duplex ultrasonography demonstrated a thrombotic occlusion in the right superficial temporal vein (STV). For treatment of the complicated ARBS, the patient received intravenous antibiotics and underwent surgery. The STV thrombophlebitis was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin. Postoperatively, the patient recovered completely and his vision normalized; 10 days later, duplex ultrasonography showed a patent STV. The development of contralateral STV thrombophlebitis is conceivably facilitated by venous anastomoses of the scalp in the front of the head. As a result, embolic spread would be a possible complication of infectious ABRS foci communicating with intraorbital and pericranial veins. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of such a complication of ARBS in the literature.