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Supracricoid partial laryngectomy as a primary treatment for carcinosarcoma of the larynx

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May 1, 2006
by Kuauhyama Luna-Ortiz, MD; Adalberto Mosqueda-Taylor, DDS, MSc
Carcinosarcoma of the larynx is uncommon. When it does occur, its clinical features resemble those of sarcomatoid carcinoma, and its biologic behavior is similar to that of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms. We describe 2 cases of carcinosarcoma of the glottis. The tumors were staged as T3N0M0 and T2N0M0. Both patients were treated with supracricoid partial laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy. Eight months postoperatively, 1 of the 2 patients experienced a recurrence of the sarcomatous component of the tumor, and he underwent a total laryngectomy. The other patient remained free of disease at 12 months of follow-up. We conclude that supracricoid partial laryngectomy may be offered as an organ-preserving measure even in patients with sarcomatous disease; total laryngectomy can be held in reserve as a rescue measure. Patients must be closely monitored for early detection of recurrence. The role of adjuvant therapy for sarcomatous neoplasms in this area has not yet been clearly established.

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