Malignant transformation of a high-grade osteoblastoma of the petrous apex with subcutaneous metastasis | Ear, Nose & Throat Journal Skip to content Skip to navigation

Malignant transformation of a high-grade osteoblastoma of the petrous apex with subcutaneous metastasis

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June 14, 2016
by Casey T. Kraft, BS; Robert J. Morrison, MD; H. Alexander Arts, MD, FACS

Abstract

We describe the clinical presentation, management, and pathologic findings in a case of osteosarcoma of the petrous apex with an atypical metastasis to the lower abdominal wall. We retrospectively reviewed the record of a 49-year-old man who was diagnosed with a right petrous apex lesion, which biopsy identified as a high-grade osteoblastoma. After two attempts at en bloc resection were not curative, radiation and chemotherapy were recommended. The patient subsequently developed a cutaneous lower abdominal mass that was diagnosed as an osteosarcoma. Meanwhile, the petrous apex tumor continued to grow despite treatment until the patient died from the burden of disease. Temporal bone osteoblastomas and osteosarcomas are both extremely rare, and they can be difficult to differentiate histologically. Our case illustrates this difficulty and demonstrates the possibility of a high-grade osteoblastoma's malignant conversion to an osteosarcoma.

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