Features of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal lesions in bullous pemphigoid | Ear, Nose & Throat Journal Skip to content Skip to navigation

Features of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal lesions in bullous pemphigoid

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October 25, 2016
by Masafumi Ohki, MD; Shigeru Kikuchi, MD, PhD; Atsushi Ohata, MD, PhD; Yuka Baba, MD; Junichi Ishikawa, MD; Hirohito Sugimoto, MD

Abstract

Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune bullous disease characterized by skin lesions, with or without oral lesions. The occurrence of pharyngolaryngeal lesions is very rare in affected patients. We conducted a study to investigate the characteristics of oral and pharyngolaryngeal lesions in bullous pemphigoid. Our study population was made up of 6 consecutively presenting outpatients-2 men and 4 women, aged 40 to 83 years (mean: 68.2)-who had been referred to our department over an 11-year period. Presenting symptoms included sore throat in all 6 patients and oral pain in 3. The sites of mucosal lesions included the soft palate, epiglottis, gingiva, hypopharynx, tongue, nasal cavity, and buccal mucosa. These lesions appeared as erosions, erosions with white coating, erythematous patches, and/or blisters. Mucosal lesions preceded skin lesions in 2 patients, appeared after skin lesions in 1 patient, and appeared simultaneously with skin lesions in 3 patients. We conclude that bullous pemphigoid sometimes involves the mucosa, such as that of the laryngopharynx and the oral cavity, and it can manifest as skin lesions. In the differential diagnosis of refractory pharyngolaryngeal lesions, bullous pemphigoid should be considered.

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