Congenital midline cervical cleft: A report of 3 cases | Ear, Nose & Throat Journal Skip to content Skip to navigation

Congenital midline cervical cleft: A report of 3 cases

| Reprints
February 1, 2006
by Ronald M. Smith, Jr., MD; Patrick C. Barth, MD; Jasper Castillo, MD; Brad Millman, MD; W. Edward Wood, MD
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly of the anterior neck. The diagnosis is typically made on the basis of the lesion's characteristic clinical presentation at birth. It appears to occur as a result of a failure of fusion of the paired second branchial arches in the midline during embryogenesis. Surgical intervention is necessary to avoid potential long-term complications, such as contractures and limitation of neck mobility. We present 3 cases of congenital midline cervical cleft, and we discuss the embryology, presentation, and surgical management of this unusual condition.

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