Audiologic profile in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A controlled study of 30 patients | Ear, Nose & Throat Journal Skip to content Skip to navigation

Audiologic profile in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A controlled study of 30 patients

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September 27, 2018
by Lumy Yagueshita, MD; Lucas Resende Lucinda, MD; Valderilio Azevedo, PhD; Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, PhD; Nicole Richter Minhoto Wiemes, MD; Jose Fernando Polanski, PhD

Abstract

Recent studies have identified sensorineural hearing loss as a possible manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis. We conducted a study of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis to characterize their audiologic profile and to correlate their disease activity and functional indices with their hearing thresholds. The study group was made up of 18 men and 12 women, aged 25 to 58 years (mean: 46.5), who were diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis. We compared their findings with a socially and demographically matched group of 30 healthy controls. All 60 participants underwent an audiologic assessment, consisting of pure-tone audiometry, speech audiometry, and tympanometry. We used validated indices to assess disease activity and functional status, and we compiled information on the time of diagnosis and the types of medications used to treat the ankylosing spondylitis. We found that the average of the mean air-conduction thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz in the ankylosing spondylitis group was significantly worse than that of the controls (p = 0.004). A statistically significant difference was observed at frequencies greater than 3 kHz (p < 0.05). A subgroup of case patients who used only a tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor exhibited better hearing thresholds than patients who used other drugs (p = 0.01). Differences in functional and disease activity scores between case patients with and without hearing loss were not statistically significant. We found that patients with ankylosing spondylitis did indeed have a greater prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss but that it was not correlated with either disease activity or functional status.

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