Otitic hydrocephalus is a rare intracranial complication of otitis media. It is characterized by elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure with normal CSF biochemistry and without any focal neurologic abnormality other than those related to the increased intracranial pressure. The pathophysiology of this rare condition is unknown. The incidence of intracranial complications was reduced dramatically with the introduction of newer antibiotics, but complicated cases still occur. Serious consequences can ensue if complications are not identified and treated properly. The author reviews the literature on otitic hydrocephalus and describes 2 new cases.
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