Orofaciodigital syndrome is a very rare entity with X-linked dominant inheritance characterized by oral, facial, and digital anomalies. Thirteen different types have been described in the literature to date. Of these, orofaciodigital syndrome type I has the highest incidence. Renal and central nervous system malformations may accompany the oral, facial, and digital anomalies. We report a case of orofaciodigital syndrome type I in a 9-year-old girl. The patient was admitted with a complaint unrelated to the syndrome. The coexistence of an oral anomaly with a digital anomaly in this patient led us to search for other possible anomalies. Ultrasonography revealed a diagnosis of polycystic kidneys. Physicians must be mindful of the external appearance of patients with this syndrome and be aware of life-threatening anomalies possibly associated with it.
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