We describe 2 cases of bilateral Ménière disease with features resembling autoimmune inner ear disease in patients who were found to be carriers of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27. For immunohistochemical analysis, mouse inner ear sections were used as the tissue substrate for reaction with serum. Both patients demonstrated an increased immunofluorescence reaction compared with a normal control. We suggest that an antibody-mediated mechanism may be responsible for HLA-B27-associated Ménière disease.
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