Auditory steady-state response (ASSR) audiometry is a commercially available tool that is used to predict behavioral auditory threshold levels. Its particular value stems from the technology's ability to measure frequency-specific responses in the background electroencephalogram to auditory stimuli presented across a broad range of frequencies and sound pressure levels. It is clearly of benefit when used to assess threshold levels in infants and children with severe-to-profound hearing impairment (i.e., cochlear implant candidates). Although numerous authors have provided evidence of the usefulness of ASSR testing, their reports have concerned patients whose middle ear impedance measures were normal. We report the cases of 2 patients who, following improvement of abnormal middle ear impedance values, experienced a marked improvement in measurable thresholds by ASSR testing.
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