Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs.
Cochlear implants have recently begun to be offered to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Implantation in these patients has led to good results in suppressing ipsilateral tinnitus and in providing audiologic benefits in terms of speech perception in noise and localization. One previously unreported benefit of cochlear implantation in patients with SSD is the restoration of functional hearing in the previously deaf ear, which may allow for surgical opportunities in the contralateral hearing ear. We report a case in which cochlear implantation in the deaf left ear of a 50-year-old man allowed for surgical intervention in the previously only-hearing right ear, which in turn led to the restoration of normal middle ear function. Further studies may be warranted to consider the surgical candidacy of the contralateral only-hearing ear as another potential indication for cochlear implantation in patients with SSD.
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a very rare complication of otitis externa that can lead to ankylosis and destruction of the joint. We report the case of a 74-year-old man who developed aspergillosis of the TMJ following otitis externa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of TMJ septic arthritis secondary to otitis externa caused by Aspergillus flavus. The patient was successfully managed with condylectomy, debridement, and drug treatment with voriconazole.
We report the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with fluctuating bilateral sensorineural hearing loss that subsequently progressed to a complete hearing loss, and we describe the correlation between the clinical and radiologic features of this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to demonstrate imaging evidence of progression from autoimmune inner ear disease to labyrinthitis ossificans. This is also the first reported case of a reversal of a loss of labyrinthine CISS (constructive interference in a steady state) signal, suggesting that T2-weighted hyposignal may be attributable to an alteration in labyrinthine fluid content and not to fibrosis only.
Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a known cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) that often progresses to irreversible hearing loss. In this report, we present the clinical and radiologic features in the progression of AIED to labyrinthitis ossificans over a period of more than 10 years, and we discuss the implications of...
Pulsatile tinnitus is a rare symptom, yet it may herald life-threatening pathology in the absence of other symptoms or signs. Pulsatile tinnitus tends to imply a vascular cause, but metastatic disease also can present in this way. Clinicians should therefore adopt a specific diagnostic algorithm for pulsatile tinnitus and always consider the possibility of metastatic disease. A history of malignant disease and new cranial nerve palsies should raise clinical suspicion for skull base metastases. We describe the case of a 63-year-old woman presenting with unilateral subjective pulsatile tinnitus and a middle ear mass visible on otoscopy. Her background included the diagnosis of idiopathic unilateral vagal and hypoglossal nerve palsies 4 years previously, with normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Repeat MRI and computed tomography imaging were consistent with metastatic breast carcinoma. This case raises important questions about imaging protocols and the role of serial scanning in patients at high risk of metastatic disease.
Tinnitus can be defined broadly as the perception of sound when there is no external stimulus. It is possible to further categorize tinnitus as to whether it is unilateral or bilateral and whether it is subjective or objective, or by the quality of the perceived sound.
The ostium of the ethmoid bulla is often found in the hiatus semilunaris superior, but that it can also be found in the anterior or lateral wall of the bulla, the ethmoid infundibulum, the hiatus semilunaris inferior, or the retrobullar recess.
A 38-year-old male patient was referred to our office because of recurrent facial discomfort and discomfort between the eyes. He had been treated medically for recurrent sinus infections.
Computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses showed bilateral sinusitis. An unusual finding on the CT scan was what appeared to be an ostium or drainage pathway from...
The differential diagnosis for a pyogenic granuloma should include hemangioma, bacillary angiomatosis, peripheral giant cell granuloma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and some malignancies, such as Kaposi sarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and achromic melanoma.
A mucosal pypogenic granuloma is a reactive angiomatous proliferation with a higher preponderance for the maxillary gingiva. A giant growth within the oral cavity is rarely encountered. Tentative diagnosis is made by recognizing a rapidly growing pedunculated or sessile mass characterized by a friable surface, bleeding tendency, and an ulceration...
The lesion was removed en bloc, including the involved thyroarytenoid muscle.
Primary thyroid-like papillary adenocarcinomas are extremely rare neoplasms that generally originate in the nasopharynx. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman who was diagnosed with a thyroid-like papillary adenocarcinoma that originated in the nasal septum. The tumor was surgically removed, and the patient showed no evidence of local recurrence during 4 years of follow-up.
Cancer metastatic to the paranasal sinuses often presents with ophthalmologic and facial deformities, as well as sinonasal complaints. These diminutive tumors are difficult to effectively treat, often leading to poor quality of life. Although breast cancer is a common cancer affecting more than 150,000 women each year,1 rarely is metastatic breast cancer found within the sinuses. We report our palliative treatment approach and outcomes of a 40-year-old patient with breast cancer metastatic to the paranasal sinuses. While providing a better understanding of this tumor's metastasis through a review of the literature, our report describes the role of palliative surgery for metastases to the paranasal sinuses.