Vocal fold tear in an operatic tenor

September 17, 2014     Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS
article

The patient complained of increased throat clearing and coughing. He had experienced similar symptoms 3 months previously, which had resolved with voice rest.

A 27-year-old tenor complained of worsening cracking in his upper-middle range, vocal fatigue, progressively longer warm-up times, and periodic aphonia of 1 week's duration. Also, he complained of increased throat clearing and coughing. He had experienced similar symptoms 3 months previously, which had resolved with voice rest.

Actinomycosis of the pharynx

September 17, 2014     Anna M. Lipowska, MD; Michael M. Johns III, MD
article

Abstract

Few cases of pharyngeal actinomycosis have been documented in the literature. We describe the case of a 67-year-old white man who presented with symptoms of dysphagia. Laryngoscopy revealed a pedunculated mass in the left posterior pharyngeal wall; an excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Postoperatively, the patient underwent 10 weeks of intravenous penicillin therapy followed by 4 months of oral antibiotics, and his condition resolved. We discuss the diagnosis, management, and complications of this rare infection.

Introduction Actinomyces, a gram-positive bacterium, rarely causes infections. Actinomycosis appears to have no geographic or racial predilection, but there is a 3:1 predilection for males.1,2 Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most common form of this disease, with most of these cases occurring in the parotid gland, cheek, and submandibular...

Cystic chondromalacia of the auricle treated with dual-plane excision with intracartilaginous dissection

September 17, 2014     Giovanni Zoccali, MD; Reza Pajand, MD; Nikolaos Vrentzos, MD; Maurizio Giuliani, MD
article

Abstract

Cystic chondromalacia of the auricle is an uncommon condition in which a degenerative process occurs within the cartilage. The disorder affects young and middle-aged people. Clinically, it manifests as a painless, fluctuant swelling that frequently relapses despite various therapeutic approaches. In this article we report a typical case of cystic chondromalacia of the auricle that was successfully treated by surgery-specifically, dual-plane dissection-and we briefly review the literature.

Introduction Cystic chondromalacia of the auricle (CCA), also known as pseudocyst of the auricle, is an uncommon, benign neoformation developing in the thickness of auricle cartilage.1-3 This noninflammatory process creates an intracartilaginous cavity that is not lined by epithelium and is filled with yellow, serous fluid (sometimes described as...

Vertigo in elderly patients: A review of 164 cases in Brazil

August 27, 2014     Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz, MD, PhD
article

Abstract

The author conducted a study to identify and categorize those vestibular disorders that were the most common among elderly patients at his private clinic over a 20-year period. He reviewed the records of 735 patients aged 65 to 90 years. The most common diagnosis was vertigo and/or disequilibrium, which occurred in 164 patients (22.3%). Of this group, 121 patients (73.8%) had a peripheral vestibular disorder and 43 (26.2%) had a central vestibular disorder. The characteristics of these cases are discussed.

A study of mucosal melanoma of the oral cavity in India: A rare tumor

August 27, 2014     Pankaj Chaturvedi, MS; Sandeep Lerra, MS(ENT); Piyush Gupta, MS; Prathamesh S. Pai, MS(ENT), DNB; Devendra A. Chaukar, MS, DNB; Jai Prakash Agarwal, MD; Anil K. D'Cruz, MS, DNB
article

Abstract

Malignant melanomas involving the mucosa are rare and aggressive lesions. Their rarity has made the formulation of staging and treatment protocols very difficult, as most of the available information comes from case reports and small case series. We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the behavior of melanomas of the oral mucosa in patients who were treated at Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai, a tertiary care referral center for malignancies and one of the largest cancer centers on the Indian subcontinent. During the 22-year period from January 1986 through December 2007, we found only 13 such cases, which had occurred in 8 men and 5 women, aged 26 to 70 years (mean: 37.5). All patients had been offered surgery with curative intent. Mucosal melanomas have exhibited a greater tendency for distant recurrence than for local treatment failure, which is why adjuvant radiation therapy has not been shown to confer any consistent benefit. In our study, only 3 of the 13 patients (23.1%) remained alive 2 years after diagnosis, despite aggressive treatment. Tumor staging, optimal treatment, and prognostic factors for oral mucosal melanoma are far from clear, and further research is needed. Despite the small number of patients in this study, it still represents one of the largest series of oral mucosal melanoma patients in India.

Introduction Malignant melanomas are aggressive tumors that usually occur on the skin. Skin melanomas have been studied extensively, and clear-cut staging, treatment, and prognostic information is available. However, melanomas occurring in the mucous membranes, which are relentlessly malignant, are very uncommon, and the available information on...

In reference to “The value of resident presentations at scientific meetings”*

August 27, 2014     Jean Anderson Eloy, MD, FACS; Peter F. Svider, MD; Adam J. Folbe, MD; Michael Setzen, MD, FACS; Soly Baredes, MD, FACS
article

Regardless of what level of training one is at, we strongly agree with, support, and praise the editors' valuable point that supporting current trainees in scholarly pursuits is crucial for the continued advancement of our specialty

Dear Editor: We would like to thank the editors of major otolaryngology journals for their insightful editorial entitled “The Value of Resident Presentations at Scientific Meetings,” published in The Laryngoscope and other prominent oto-laryngologic journals.1-14 We strongly agree on the importance of encouraging research among...

An unusual cause of dyspnea in a pregnant woman: Supraglottic hemangioma

August 27, 2014     Zehra Kurdoglu, MD; Mertihan Kurdoglu, MD; Hakan Cankaya, MD
article

Abstract

Dyspnea is a common complaint among pregnant women; upper airway obstruction is a rare cause of it. We report a case of supraglottic hemangioma in a 20-year-old pregnant woman who presented with increasing dyspnea and hoarseness at 40 weeks of gestation. She gave birth to a healthy 3,100-g girl by caesarean delivery under epidural anesthesia. She was able to breathe easily during the postpartum period. This case represents a rare instance of dyspnea caused by a supraglottic hemangioma in a pregnant woman.

Introduction Dyspnea is a common symptom during pregnancy. It may develop as a result of decreasing lung capacity, anemia, preeclampsia, or cardiac hypertrophy.1,2 Gestational dyspnea as a result of supraglottic laryngeal hemangioma is very rare. Hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions that can occur in the head and neck. Hemangiomas of the...

Arytenoid cartilage chondroma

August 27, 2014     Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Johnathan B. Sataloff; Mary J. Hawkshaw, BSN, RN, CORLN; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS
article

Strobovideolaryngoscopy revealed a mass along the medial aspect of the left arytenoid cartilage.

A 33-year-old woman presented with a 3.5-week history of dysphonia. Her voice was constantly weak, breathy, and strained, and she had voice fatigue. She also complained of frequent throat clearing, a globus sensation, and mild dysphagia. In addition to signs of laryngopharyngeal reflux, strobovideolaryngoscopy revealed a mass along the medial...

Neopharyngeal diverticulum

August 27, 2014     Rebecca J. Howell, MD; Gregory N. Postma, MD
article

Endoscopic examination showed no distal stricture or cricopharyngeus muscle.

Transoral robotic surgery and oropharyngeal cancer: A literature review

August 27, 2014     Paraig O'Leary, MD; Thomas Kjaergaard, MD, PhD
article

Abstract

The incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has risen steadily over the past decade due to the increase in cancers associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The prognosis for the treatment of this type of cancer with radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy is good. However, because these treatments can have detrimental effects on organ function and quality of life, researchers are looking into transoral robotic surgery (TORS) as a possible alternate therapy. TORS might have a positive effect on postoperative function and quality of life for cancer survivors. The aim of this review is to report on the current situation regarding the treatment of oropharyngeal cancer with TORS, with a focus on the long-term oncologic and functional outcomes of this strategy. The articles cited in this review were selected from the PubMed and MEDLINE database. They contain study results pertaining to TORS implementation, complications, oncologic and functional outcomes, and the implications of HPV-associated cancer. We found that while TORS has some clear advantages and strengths and almost certainly a permanent place in future treatment, further research is necessary to correctly evaluate the role it will play in the complete management of oropharyngeal cancer.

Introduction The incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, including oropharyngeal cancer, has increased steadily over the past decade.1 With traditional exposition factors such as tobacco use and alcohol abuse in decline, the increase in oropharyngeal cancer has been associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.2 In Sweden, for...
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