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Otology

Dehiscent high jugular bulb attached to the tympanic membrane

June 5, 2015  |  Hiroshi Sakaida, MD, PhD; Kazuhiko Takeuchi, MD, PhD

The differential diagnosis of high jugular bulb includes cholesterol granuloma, aberrant carotid artery, and tumors such as paraganglioma or schwannoma.

Use of the chorda tympani nerve in reconstruction of the ossicular chain

April 28, 2015  |  Yi Qiao, MD; Wen-Wen Chen, MD; Ya-Xin Deng, MD; Jun Tong, MD

Abstract

We conducted a study to assess the use of the chorda tympani nerve in reconstruction of the ossicular chain. We retrospectively examined the medical records of 141 patients (154 ears) who had undergone middle ear surgery with 12 months of follow-up. The study population was...

Chronic discharging ear and multiple cranial nerve pareses: A sinister liaison

April 28, 2015  |  Mainak Dutta, MS; Dipankar Mukherjee, MS; Subrata Mukhopadhyay, MS

SCC of the temporal bone might well represent the extreme of the “inflammation-metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma” sequence, with chronic otitis media representing the inflammation.

Malignant otitis externa

April 28, 2015  |  Christina H. Fang, BS; James Sun, BS; Robert W. Jyung, MD

The advent of anti-pseudomonal antibiotics has significantly reduced the mortality of malignant otitis externa.

Is there a relationship between myeloperoxidase activity and conductive hearing loss in chronic otitis media complicated by cholesteatoma?

April 28, 2015  |  Ozlem Celebi Erdivanli, MD; Arif Sanli, MD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, controlled study of patients with chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma (1) to examine the expression of myeloperoxidase (MPO) using immunohistochemical staining techniques and (2) to investigate the relationship between MPO activity and the degree...

Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint caused by Aspergillus flavus infection as a complication of otitis externa

March 2, 2015  |  Lalee Varghese, MS, DLO, DNB; Rabin Chacko, MDS, FDS, FCPS; George M. Varghese, MD, DNB, DTMH; Anand Job, MS, DLO, MNAMS

Abstract

Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a very rare complication of otitis externa that can lead to ankylosis and destruction of the joint. We report the case of a 74-year-old man who developed aspergillosis of the TMJ following otitis externa. To the best of...

Cochlear implantation leading to successful stapedectomy in the contralateral only-hearing ear

March 2, 2015  |  Samantha J. Mikals, MD; Gerald I. Schuchman, PhD; Joshua G.W. Bernstein, PhD; Arnaldo L. Rivera, MD

Abstract

Cochlear implants have recently begun to be offered to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Implantation in these patients has led to good results in suppressing ipsilateral tinnitus and in providing audiologic benefits in terms of speech perception in noise and...

Progression of autoimmune inner ear disease to labyrinthitis ossificans: Clinical and radiologic correlation

March 2, 2015  |  Jenn Nee Khoo, FRCR; Tiong Yong Tan, FRCR

Abstract

We report the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with fluctuating bilateral sensorineural hearing loss that subsequently progressed to a complete hearing loss, and we describe the correlation between the clinical and radiologic features of this case. To the best of our...

Streamlined bilateral otologic surgery: How I do it

March 2, 2015  |  Tara E. Brennan, MD; Miriam I. Redleaf, MD

Abstract

Bilateral simultaneous otologic surgery is being performed more commonly among otologists. The benefits of performing bilateral simultaneous cochlear implants in the pediatric population, in particular, have become increasingly recognized as the safety and efficacy of this...

Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear

February 2, 2015  |  Shubin Chen, MD; Yongxin Li, MD

Abstract

Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear is a rare entity. It is believed to be a developmental abnormality that may be associated with anomalies of adjacent structures. We describe the case of a 6-year-old girl who had a salivary gland choristoma in the middle ear that was...

Bilateral keratin horns arising from the tympanic membranes: A case report

February 2, 2015  |  Chu Qin Phua, MRCS, DOHNS; Vikas Malik, FRCS(ORL-HNS); Patrick Zaid Sheehan, FRCS(ORL)

Abstract

A keratin horn is a horn-like projection composed of dense keratotic material. It usually arises in sun-exposed areas of the body. It can be derived from a variety of underlying benign, premalignant, or malignant epidermal lesions. Risk factors associated with malignant change...

Absence of the long process of the incus

February 2, 2015  |  Christina H. Fang, BS; Robert W. Jyung, MD

A definitive diagnosis of an ossicular defect, such as absence of the incus long process, requires an exploratory tympanotomy.

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