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Otology

Sensorineural hearing loss associated with a factitious disorder

December 14, 2015  |  Ayako Maruyama, MD; Yoshihiro Noguchi, MD; Taku Ito, MD; Kenji Narushima, MD; Ken Kitamura, MD

Abstract

Factitious disorders are characterized by intentionally abnormal physical and/or psychological behavior, and affected patients often make up their symptoms and clinical histories. The most serious and chronic type of factitious disorder is Munchausen syndrome. We report the...

Bone-anchored hearing aid implantation in a patient with Goldenhar syndrome

December 14, 2015  |  Griffin Santarelli, MD; Roberta E. Redfern, PhD; Aaron G. Benson, MD

Abstract

Patients with Goldenhar syndrome exhibit a number of characteristic symptoms, including middle and internal ear malformations that may cause profound hearing loss. Bone-anchored hearing aids have been used to treat these patients in the past, although complications may arise...

Langerhans cell histiocytosis involving the external auditory canal: An unusual ear tumor

October 31, 2015  |  Kang-Wei Fan, MD; Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Chia-I Chou, MD; Min-Tsan Shu, MD

Langerhans cell histiocytosis has an unpredictable natural history, which ranges from rapidly fatal progressive disease to spontaneous resolution.

Sensorineural hearing loss after ossicular manipulation and drill- generated acoustic trauma in type I tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy: A series of 51 cases

September 21, 2015  |  K. Cagdas Kazikdas, MD; Kazim Onal, MD; Nadir Yildirim, MD

Abstract

Recognized causes of high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy include acoustic trauma from manipulation of the ossicles, the noise generated by suctioning and, in the case of mastoidectomy, the noise generated by...

Erosion of the incus by the chorda tympani nerve from a complex retraction pocket

September 21, 2015  |  Ramanan Daniel, MBBS; Fiona Hill, MBBS; Timothy Price, FRCS(OHNS)

Chronic eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to retraction of the tympanic membrane and bone erosion.

Management of venous pulsatile tinnitus with normal otoscopic findings

September 21, 2015  |  Lei Jin, MD; Yucheng Wang, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the therapeutic effects of ligation of the internal jugular vein in a series of adults with pulsatile tinnitus of venous origin. Our study group was made up of 12 patients-all women, aged 27 to 61 years (mean: 40 ± 6.1)-who had been...

Temporomandibular joint herniation into external auditory canal

August 27, 2015  |  Jui-Hsien Hsu, MD; Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Min-Tsan Shu, MD

Herniation of the TMJ into the EAC is a rare condition that mostly occurs in patients with bony wall defects in the anterior EAC.

Otic capsule dehiscence syndrome: Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome with no radiographically visible dehiscence

August 27, 2015  |  P. Ashley Wackym, MD, FACS; Scott J. Wood, PhD; David A. Siker, MD; Dale M. Carter, MD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective longitudinal study of two cohorts of patients who had superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SSCDS); one group had radiographically confirmed superior canal dehiscence (SCD), and the other exhibited no identified...

Can vinegar be used in treating Pseudomonas ear infections in a patient with a perforated eardrum?

August 27, 2015  |  Muhamed Aslam Khan, MS, MRCSEd; Nazneen Khan, MBBS, DGO, DRCOG

Abstract

Chronic Pseudomonas ear infections are difficult to treat, particularly in immunodeficient patients. Vinegar therapy is a time-tested measure for the treatment of these infections. It is inexpensive, simple, easy to administer, and very effective. However, some...

Intratympanic membrane congenital cholesteatoma

July 21, 2015  |  Hiroshi Sakaida, MD, PhD; Kazuhiko Takeuchi, MD, PhD

Cholesteatoma should be differentiated from other conditions with similar otoscopic findings, such as myringosclerosis.

Primary melanoma of the petrous temporal bone

July 21, 2015  |  Jonathan L. McJunkin, MD; Richard J. Wiet, MD, FACS

Abstract

Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that is predominantly found in the skin. In rare cases, it arises from mucosal melanocytes. We describe a case of a solitary melanoma of the petrous apex of the temporal bone in a 67-year-old woman who presented with sudden hearing...

Internal auditory canal osteoma: Case report and review of the literature

June 5, 2015  |  Sharon Ovnat Tamir, MD; Francoise Cyna-Gorse, MD; Olivier Sterkers, MD

Abstract

We report a case of internal auditory canal osteoma and discuss this entity's etiology, natural history, and treatment options. The internal auditory canal osteoma is a rare entity with only a few reports published in the medical literature. Its diagnosis is based on two...

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