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Otology

Evaluation of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses in patients with multiple sclerosis

October 25, 2016  |  Emre Kaytancı, MD; O. Ilkay Ozdamar, MD; Gul Ozbilen Acar, MD; Muhammet Tekin, MD

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. This prospective study was planned to evaluate these changes through brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA) latency abnormalities and otoacoustic emissions (OAE). This study...

Stapes-pyramidal fixation by a bony bar

October 25, 2016  |  Kai-Chieh Chan, MD

Stapes fixation caused by an ossified stapedius tendon with normal mobility of the footplate, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of conductive hearing loss with a normal tympanic membrane.

Changes in antibiotic resistance in recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections of chronic suppurative otitis media

October 25, 2016  |  Jae-Jun Song, MD; Byung Don Lee, MD; Koen Hyeong Lee, MD; Jong Dae Lee, MD; Young Joo Park, MD; Moo Kyun Park, MD, PhD

Abstract

This study investigated the changes in antibiotic resistance in recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Its aim was to provide a treatment strategy for P aeruginosa infections in CSOM for the prevention of multidrug...

Sensorineural hearing loss after otitis media with effusion and subacute mastoiditis after viral infections of the upper respiratory tract: A comparative study of conservative and surgical treatment

September 19, 2016  |  Thomas Wilhelm, MD, PhD; Tim Stelzer, MD; Rudolf Hagen, MD, PhD

Abstract

Involvement of the middle ear after viral infections of the upper airways may lead to serous otitis media with effusion in the absence of bacterial infection. This can be accompanied by a concomitant shading of the mastoid air cells, which could manifest as a reduced opacity on...

Decision making in patients with natural myringostapediopexy: A study of the contralateral ear

September 19, 2016  |  Viviane Bom Schmidt, MD; Sady Selaimen da Costa, MD, PhD; Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, MD; Neil Sperling, MD; Rodrigo Goncalves Dias, MD

Abstract

Naturally occurring myringostapediopexy frequently results in minimal hearing loss and is asymptomatic. Management decisions in such ears, however, often hinge on an appraisal of evolution toward cholesteatoma. The study of the contralateral ear has been used by our research...

Audiologic changes after pinna augmentation

August 21, 2016  |  Kavit Amin, MBBS, BSc(Hons), MRCS(Eng); Robert Hone, MBBS, MRCS; Rahul Kanegaonkar, BSc, DLO, FRCS(ORL-HNS)

Abstract

No studies to date have objectively assessed whether pinna morphology affects sound intensity detected within the external auditory canal (EAC). Commonly performed procedures on the EAC are carried out for acquired and congenital pathology, together with correction of ear...

Effects on auditory function of chronic exposure to electromagnetic fields from mobile phones

August 21, 2016  |  Sanjeev Bhagat, MS(ENT); Saurabh Varshney, MS(ENT); Sampan Singh Bist, MS(ENT); Deepak Goel, DM(Neurology); Sarita Mishra, MS(ENT); Vivek Kumar Jha, MSLAP

Abstract

The widespread use of mobile phones has given rise to apprehension regarding the possible hazardous health effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on auditory function. We conducted a study to investigate the effects of long-term (>4 yr) exposure to EMFs...

Are routine preoperative CT scans necessary in adult cochlear implantation? Implications for the allocation of resources in cochlear implant programs

August 21, 2016  |  Bruno Kenway, MRCS, DO-HNS; Petros V. Vlastarakos, MD, MSc, PhD; Anand V. Kasbekar, MRCS, DO-HNS; Patrick R. Axon, MD, FRCS(ORL-HNS); Neil Donnelly, MSc, FRCS(ORL-HNS)

Abstract

Our aim was to critically assess the influence of preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans on implantation decisions for adult cochlear implant candidates. The working hypothesis was that these routine scans might not provide critical additional information in most adult...

Surgical management of a high jugular bulb

August 21, 2016  |  Daniel S. Roberts, MD, PhD; Brian Chen, MD; William Slattery, MD

Patient selection for surgical repair of a high dehiscent jugular bulb should include the presence of a codominant sigmoid sinus to avoid elevated postoperative intracranial pressure.

Comparison of a microsliced modified chondroperichondrium shield graft and a temporalis fascia graft in primary type I tympanoplasty: A prospective randomized controlled trial

July 18, 2016  |  Shambhu Nath Bhattacharya, MS; Sudipta Pal, MS; Somnath Saha, MS; Prasanta Kumar Gure, MS; Anupam Roy, MS

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to compare outcomes in type I tympanoplasty patients who received an autologous microsliced modified cartilage perichondrium shield graft (cartilage group) and those who received an autologous temporalis muscle fascia...

Epitympanic meningoencephalocele presenting as a growing middle ear mass

July 18, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

This patient had a subtle middle ear mass without an obvious effusion at the initial presentation; on repeat examination, it became more obvious that this was a meningoencephalocele

Clinical characteristics and follow-up of patients with external ear canal cholesteatoma treated conservatively

July 18, 2016  |  Erdal Sakalli, MD; Deniz Kaya, MD; Cengiz Celikyurt, MD; Selcuk Cem Erdurak, MD

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the clinical properties and follow-up of patients with external ear canal cholesteatoma (EECC) who were treated conservatively. Our study group was made up of 15 patients-6 men and 9 women, aged 21 to 82 years (mean: 48). In...

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