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Other ENT Topics

Role of the otolaryngologist in the management of asthma

September 18, 2014  |  Mahmoud Ghaderi, DO, FAOCO

[Editor's note: This Guest Editorial has been adapted with permission from its publication in the Fall 2012 issue of Soundings, the Pennsylvania Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery's newsletter.]

Survival characteristics of injected human cartilage slurry in a nude mouse model: A preliminary study

July 14, 2014  |  Bounmany Kyle Keojampa, MD; Jacob Pieter Noordzij, MD; Bohdana Burke, MD; Joseph Alroy, DVM; Vartan Mardirossian, MD; Alphi Elackttu, MD; Zhi Wang, MD

Abstract

We conducted a study to examine the viability, host response, and volume retention characteristics of drilled human septal cartilage slurry when injected into an athymic nude mouse model. We injected 0.2 ml of the slurry into the hind limbs of 6 mice. The mice were sequentially...

Evidence-based update on tympanostomy tube placement for otitis media in children

July 14, 2014  |  Jeffrey Cheng, MD; Lisa Elden, MD

Controversy has grown over the indications, timing, and efficacy of tympanostomy tube placement compared with watchful waiting.

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

July 14, 2014  |  Rosemary Ojo, MD; Si Chen, MD; Liset Pelaez, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

All children with rhabdomyosarcoma require multimodality therapy to maximize local tumor control. This can involve different combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

Reinnervation of facial muscles with only a cross-facial nerve graft in a 25-year-old patient with congenital facial palsy

July 14, 2014  |  Kamal Seyed-Forootan, MD; Hamid Karimi, MD; Esmaiil Hasani, MD

Abstract

The standard method for managing chronic facial palsy is the two-stage free-muscle flap. We report a case involving a 25-year-old patient who had facial palsy from her birth. Twelve months after the first stage of a cross-facial nerve graft, we found that the voluntary...

Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss

June 9, 2014  |  Dennis J. Kitsko, DO, FACS, FAOCO

Children with hearing loss should avoid noise exposure, and families should be counseled to protect their child's hearing environment and to educate their children about the long-term need to avoid excessive noise exposure.

Harmonic Scalpel versus electrocautery and surgical clips in head and neck free-flap harvesting

June 9, 2014  |  Nichole R. Dean, DO; Eben L. Rosenthal, MD; Bruce A. Morgan, MD; J. Scott Magnuson, MD; William R. Carroll, MD

Abstract

We sought to determine the safety and utility of Harmonic Scalpel-assisted free-flap harvesting as an alternative to a combined electrocautery and surgical clip technique. The medical records of 103 patients undergoing radial forearm free-flap reconstruction (105 free flaps)...

Postauricular fascia in augmentation rhinoplasty

June 9, 2014  |  Aldo Benjamin Guerra, MD, FACS

Abstract

Ten rhinoplasty operations performed using postauricular fascia for the purpose of augmenting the radix and dorsum of the nose were analyzed retrospectively. All the operations were performed over a 1-year period, between 2005 and 2006. The fascia of the postauricular area has...

Mitek bone-anchored static suture suspension of the oral commissure

June 9, 2014  |  Candace Hrelec, MD; Stephen Smith Jr., MD

Static facial suspension plays an important role in long-standing facial nerve paralysis, and techniques continue to evolve. Although other procedures are less morbid and invasive than our dynamic facial technique, they also have their complications and limitations.

How do pediatric adenoidectomy and adenotonsillotomy influence maternal psychological status?

June 9, 2014  |  Olaf Zagolski, MD, PhD and Jan Kulisiewicz, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a study to determine the impact that pediatric adenoidectomy or adenotonsillotomy (adenoidectomy with a partial tonsillectomy) had on the short-term psychological status of the children's mothers. Mothers of 100 treated children were examined with the 14-item...

Dizziness in the elderly: Diagnosing its causes in a multidisciplinary dizziness unit

May 8, 2014  |  Roeland B. van Leeuwen, MD, PhD; Tjasse D. Bruintjes, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a study to determine the causes of dizziness in patients aged 70 years and older who had been referred to our multidisciplinary dizziness clinic between Nov. 1, 2000, and Dec. 31, 2008. This population was made up of 731 patients-254 men (34.7%) and 477 women (65.3...

A "nail-biting" case of an airway foreign body

May 8, 2014  |  Parker A. Velargo, MD; Jennifer D. McLevy, MD

While cases of large, completely obstructing foreign bodies in the subglottis would lead to sudden respiratory distress, the initial presentation of smaller foreign bodies in the subglottis can be quite similar to croup, presenting with biphasic stridor, cough, and/or the steeple sign....

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