April 28, 2015 | Iosif Vital, MD; George Psillas, MD; Nikolaos Nikolaides, MD; George Kekes, MD; Stavros Hatzopoulos, MD; John Constantinidis, MD
We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing. Our study population was made up of 164 newborns who were divided into three...
April 28, 2015 | Amr N. Rabie, MD; Jerry Chang, MD; Ahmed M.S. Ibrahim, MD; Bernard T. Lee, MD; Samuel J. Lin, MD
We conducted a cadaveric study to determine the size of cartilage grafts that can be taken from the tragus without distorting tragal anatomy. Our subjects included 7 fresh cadavers-3 male and 4 female (age at death: 61 to 87 yr). Tragal cartilage grafts were harvested while...
January 19, 2015 | Yann-Fuu Kou, MD; Gopi Shah, MD, MPH; Ronald Mitchell, MD; Larry L. Myers, MD
Venous malformations are usually visible at birth, although deeper lesions may have normal overlying skin or a bluish discoloration. They grow proportionately with the child and can expand in adulthood.
October 18, 2014 | Seo Moon, MD; Jessica Mayor, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD
Double aortic vascular ring is a complete vascular ring that is formed when the distal portion of the right dorsal aorta fails to regress and the ascending aorta bifurcates to surround and compress both trachea and esophagus and rejoins to form the descending aorta.
October 18, 2014 | Opeyemi O. Daramola, MD; Mariko Suchi, MD, PhD; Robert H. Chun, MD
A hamartoma is a benign malformation of native tissue that may occur in any area of the body. Hamartoma of the tongue is a rare developmental lesion. We describe the case of a pendulant lingual hamartoma in a 2-day-old girl that had not been identified on prenatal...
[Editor's note: This Guest Editorial has been adapted with permission from its publication in the Fall 2012 issue of Soundings, the Pennsylvania Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery's newsletter.]
July 14, 2014 | Kamal Seyed-Forootan, MD; Hamid Karimi, MD; Esmaiil Hasani, MD
The standard method for managing chronic facial palsy is the two-stage free-muscle flap. We report a case involving a 25-year-old patient who had facial palsy from her birth. Twelve months after the first stage of a cross-facial nerve graft, we found that the voluntary...