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Laryngology

A study of language development and affecting factors in children aged 5 to 27 months

January 22, 2016  |  Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Birgül Bayoğlu, MSci; Banu Anlar, MD

Abstract

We conducted a study to assess the factors that affect language development in infants and toddlers using data obtained during developmental screening. Our study group consisted of 505 children-244 (48.3%) boys and 261 (51.7%) girls, aged 5 to 27 months. The children were...

Vocal fold immobility after finger sweep self-extrusion of impacted food in a choking victim with resolution following laryngeal mask ventilation

January 22, 2016  |  Shaum Sridharan, MD; Milan R. Amin, MD; Ryan C. Branski, PhD

Abstract

We report a case of unilateral vocal fold immobility in a 57-year-old woman that occurred subsequent to a choking episode, which she resolved by removing impacted food with a finger sweep. Other than the unilateral immobility, no abnormality of the laryngeal mucosa or framework...

Laryngotracheal mucormycosis: Report of a case

January 22, 2016  |  Jillian Mattioni, DO; Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; David Carlson, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Abstract

Airway mucormycosis is a deadly opportunistic infection that affects immunocompromised persons, particularly diabetics and those undergoing chemotherapy. Although it is typically a pulmonary or sinonasal infection, mucormycosis can affect the larynx and trachea, with...

Hemangioma of the soft palate

December 14, 2015  |  Yu-Hsuan Lin, MD; Yaoh-Shiang Lin, MD

Hemangioma is not commonly seen in the soft palate. A variety of symptoms may be present.

Globus sensation and laryngopharyngeal reflux

October 31, 2015  |  Michael J. Knabel, BS; Jonathan M. Bock, MD, FACS

Some study results have suggested that psychological factors such as depression and anxiety can influence the etiology of globus.

Laryngeal neurofibroma

October 31, 2015  |  Andreas Anagiotos, MD; Dirk Beutner, MD

Neurofibromas are rarely seen in the larynx. Common symptoms are stridor, hoarseness, dysphagia, dysphonia, and globus sensation.

Laryngeal tuberculosis: A public health concern

October 31, 2015  |  Matthew B. Zavod, MD, FACS

Physical examination findings in patients with laryngeal tuberculosis vary, but they can include edema, hyperemia, nodularity, ulcerations, exophytic mass, and obliteration of anatomic landmarks.

Laryngeal neuromas in a case of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B

October 31, 2015  |  Stanley W. McClurg, MD; Paul E. Wakely Jr., MD; Eugene G. Chio, MD

Abstract

Mucosal neuromas of the larynx in the setting of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN-2B) are extremely rare; to the best of our knowledge, only 2 other cases have been previously reported in the world literature. We describe a new case, which occurred in a 30-year old...

Severe necrosis of the palate and nasal septum resulting from intranasal abuse of acetaminophen

October 31, 2015  |  Scott A. Hardison, MD; Kristin K. Marcum, MD; Catherine Rees Lintzenich, MD

Abstract

Intranasal drug abuse frequently leads to sinonasal complications, particularly sinus, nasal, and palatal necrosis. Classically, this type of necrosis has been linked to cocaine use, but the intranasal abuse of prescription narcotics and other pain medications can also lead to...

Adult-onset familial vocal fold paralysis

September 21, 2015  |  Ida Amir, MRCS, DOHNS; Yanick J. Crow, MBBS, PhD, MRCP; Pradeep Morar, MD, FRCS(ORL-HNS)

Abstract

We describe the cases of 2 brothers in their early 50s, born to consanguineous parents, who presented with acute stridor as a result of adult-onset bilateral abductor vocal fold paralysis. Both patients had a history of adult-onset asthma. No other associated symptoms were...

Schwannoma of the cervical esophagus: Report of 2 cases and a review of the literature

September 21, 2015  |  Yu-Long Wang, MD; Jian-Guang Sun, MD; Jian Wang, MD; Wen-Jun Wei, MD; Yong-Xue Zhu, MD; Yu Wang, MD; Guo-Hua Sun, MD; Kuan Xu, MD; Hui Li, MD; Ling Zhang, MD; Qing-Hai Ji, MD

Abstract

Schwannomas of the cervical esophagus are extremely rare, as fewer than a dozen reports have been published in the literature. Therefore, their clinical characteristics and management have not been definitively elucidated. We report 2 cases of cervical esophageal schwannoma (...

Posthemorrhagic polyp: Risk of misdiagnosis of the cause of glottic insufficiency

September 21, 2015  |  Massi Romanelli-Gobbi, MD; Julia Ellerston, MA; Rima A. DeFatta, MD; Joel Portnoy, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Patients with vocal fold hemorrhage often present with sudden dysphonia and may not be able to recall an inciting event.

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