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Laryngology

Repair of a posterior perforation of the trachea following thyroidectomy with a muscle transposition flap

February 24, 2016  |  Alistair B. Escott, MBChB; Rosalynd S. Pochin, MBBS, BSc (Hons), FRACS

Abstract

Tracheal perforation is a rare postoperative complication of total thyroidectomy. While previously documented cases have been reported in the anterior aspect of the trachea after a total thyroidectomy, we report what we believe is the first documented case of a perforation in...

Blood flow to a hemorrhagic vocal fold mass

February 24, 2016  |  Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; Natalie Krane, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

While the value of treatment of the vessels that feed an area of mass formation seems self-evident, the wisdom of treating draining vessels has not been established.

Resolution of vocal fold leukoplakia during erlotinib treatment for lung cancer

February 24, 2016  |  David O. Francis, MD, MS; Stephanie Misono, MD, MPH; Jessica Somerville, MD; Andrew McWhorter, MD; C. Gaelyn Garrett, MD

Abstract

Treatment of vocal fold leukoplakia is complicated because it is associated with a high rate of recurrence after excision and it has the potential for progression to malignancy. Authors have presented different approaches to management, one of which is directed serial...

Changes in the nasalance of vowels within the first week following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

February 24, 2016  |  Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Ying-Piao Wang, MD, PhD; Chin-Wen Chang, MSc SLP

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the short-term effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on changes in the nasalance of five vowels: /a/, /ε/, /i/, /ɔ/, and /u/. Our study group was made up of 20 patients-15 males and 5 females, aged 16 to 57 years (mean: 37.3...

Vocal fold immobility after finger sweep self-extrusion of impacted food in a choking victim with resolution following laryngeal mask ventilation

January 22, 2016  |  Shaum Sridharan, MD; Milan R. Amin, MD; Ryan C. Branski, PhD

Abstract

We report a case of unilateral vocal fold immobility in a 57-year-old woman that occurred subsequent to a choking episode, which she resolved by removing impacted food with a finger sweep. Other than the unilateral immobility, no abnormality of the laryngeal mucosa or framework...

Laryngitis obscuring an anterior glottic mass

January 22, 2016  |  James D. Thompson, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Anterior masses, such as the one seen in this case, can cause glottic insufficiency and vocal strain.

Laryngotracheal mucormycosis: Report of a case

January 22, 2016  |  Jillian Mattioni, DO; Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; David Carlson, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Abstract

Airway mucormycosis is a deadly opportunistic infection that affects immunocompromised persons, particularly diabetics and those undergoing chemotherapy. Although it is typically a pulmonary or sinonasal infection, mucormycosis can affect the larynx and trachea, with...

Intratonsillar metastasis of EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma

January 22, 2016  |  Matthew R. Naunheim, MD, MBA; Linda N. Lee, MD; Harrison W. Lin, MD; Peter M. Sadow, MD, PhD; Daniel G. Deschler, MD

Abstract

We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a history of Epstein-Barr-virus-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma who developed a metastasis to the palatine tonsil. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an intratonsillar metastasis of a nasopharyngeal...

A study of language development and affecting factors in children aged 5 to 27 months

January 22, 2016  |  Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Birgül Bayoğlu, MSci; Banu Anlar, MD

Abstract

We conducted a study to assess the factors that affect language development in infants and toddlers using data obtained during developmental screening. Our study group consisted of 505 children-244 (48.3%) boys and 261 (51.7%) girls, aged 5 to 27 months. The children were...

Hemangioma of the soft palate

December 14, 2015  |  Yu-Hsuan Lin, MD; Yaoh-Shiang Lin, MD

Hemangioma is not commonly seen in the soft palate. A variety of symptoms may be present.

Globus sensation and laryngopharyngeal reflux

October 31, 2015  |  Michael J. Knabel, BS; Jonathan M. Bock, MD, FACS

Some study results have suggested that psychological factors such as depression and anxiety can influence the etiology of globus.

Severe necrosis of the palate and nasal septum resulting from intranasal abuse of acetaminophen

October 31, 2015  |  Scott A. Hardison, MD; Kristin K. Marcum, MD; Catherine Rees Lintzenich, MD

Abstract

Intranasal drug abuse frequently leads to sinonasal complications, particularly sinus, nasal, and palatal necrosis. Classically, this type of necrosis has been linked to cocaine use, but the intranasal abuse of prescription narcotics and other pain medications can also lead to...

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