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Laryngology

Repair of a posterior perforation of the trachea following thyroidectomy with a muscle transposition flap

February 24, 2016  |  Alistair B. Escott, MBChB; Rosalynd S. Pochin, MBBS, BSc (Hons), FRACS

Abstract

Tracheal perforation is a rare postoperative complication of total thyroidectomy. While previously documented cases have been reported in the anterior aspect of the trachea after a total thyroidectomy, we report what we believe is the first documented case of a perforation in...

Granulomatous ulcers of the nose and oropharynx: Lupus vulgaris revisited

February 24, 2016  |  Mainak Dutta, MS; Soumya Ghatak, MS; Ramanuj Sinha, MS, DNB

Lupus vulgaris manifests as a postprimary chronic granulomatous ulcer in patients with moderate to good immunity.

Swallowing frequency: Impact of accumulated oropharyngeal secretion levels and gustatory stimulation

February 24, 2016  |  Susan L. Brady, MS, CCC-SLP, BRS-S; Michele W. Wesling, MA, CCC-SLP; Joseph J. Donzelli, MD; Scott Kaszuba, MD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, descriptive study of 27 individuals with known or suspected dysphagia to investigate the relationship between swallowing frequency, accumulated oropharyngeal secretion levels, and gustatory stimulation. Assessment of the secretion level was...

Changes in the nasalance of vowels within the first week following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

February 24, 2016  |  Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Ying-Piao Wang, MD, PhD; Chin-Wen Chang, MSc SLP

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the short-term effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on changes in the nasalance of five vowels: /a/, /ε/, /i/, /ɔ/, and /u/. Our study group was made up of 20 patients-15 males and 5 females, aged 16 to 57 years (mean: 37.3...

Thymoma with an incidental benign laryngeal mass mimicking laryngeal carcinoma: Case report

February 24, 2016  |  Gokce Simsek, MD; Istemihan Akin, MD; Cem Saka, MD; Fulya Koybasioglu, MD

Abstract

Thymic carcinomas are rarely seen. Because of recurrent laryngeal nerve involvement, hoarseness is a common presenting symptom. Persistent hoarseness in a male smoker past his fifth decade is also a distinctive symptom for laryngeal carcinoma. Stroboscopic laryngeal examination...

Resolution of vocal fold leukoplakia during erlotinib treatment for lung cancer

February 24, 2016  |  David O. Francis, MD, MS; Stephanie Misono, MD, MPH; Jessica Somerville, MD; Andrew McWhorter, MD; C. Gaelyn Garrett, MD

Abstract

Treatment of vocal fold leukoplakia is complicated because it is associated with a high rate of recurrence after excision and it has the potential for progression to malignancy. Authors have presented different approaches to management, one of which is directed serial...

Blood flow to a hemorrhagic vocal fold mass

February 24, 2016  |  Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; Natalie Krane, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

While the value of treatment of the vessels that feed an area of mass formation seems self-evident, the wisdom of treating draining vessels has not been established.

Ganglioneuromas involving the hypoglossal nerve and the vagus nerve in a child: Surgical difficulties

February 24, 2016  |  Jaimanti Bakshi, MS, MNAMS; Abdul Wadood Mohammed, MS; Saudamini Lele, MS; Ritambra Nada, MD

Abstract

Ganglioneuromas are benign tumors that arise from the Schwann cells of the autonomic nervous system. They are usually seen in the posterior mediastinum and the paraspinal retroperitoneum in relation to the sympathetic chain. In the head and neck, they are usually related to the...

Novel injection technique into the interarytenoid area to treat dysphagia

February 24, 2016  |  Meghan Brooking, DO; Amanda Hu, MD, FRCSC; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Augmentation of the interarytenoid space is a simple and innovative alternative to the traditional paraglottic space injection.

Laryngotracheal mucormycosis: Report of a case

January 22, 2016  |  Jillian Mattioni, DO; Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; David Carlson, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Abstract

Airway mucormycosis is a deadly opportunistic infection that affects immunocompromised persons, particularly diabetics and those undergoing chemotherapy. Although it is typically a pulmonary or sinonasal infection, mucormycosis can affect the larynx and trachea, with...

Vocal fold immobility after finger sweep self-extrusion of impacted food in a choking victim with resolution following laryngeal mask ventilation

January 22, 2016  |  Shaum Sridharan, MD; Milan R. Amin, MD; Ryan C. Branski, PhD

Abstract

We report a case of unilateral vocal fold immobility in a 57-year-old woman that occurred subsequent to a choking episode, which she resolved by removing impacted food with a finger sweep. Other than the unilateral immobility, no abnormality of the laryngeal mucosa or framework...

A study of language development and affecting factors in children aged 5 to 27 months

January 22, 2016  |  Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Birgül Bayoğlu, MSci; Banu Anlar, MD

Abstract

We conducted a study to assess the factors that affect language development in infants and toddlers using data obtained during developmental screening. Our study group consisted of 505 children-244 (48.3%) boys and 261 (51.7%) girls, aged 5 to 27 months. The children were...

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