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Head and Neck

Pemphigus vulgaris: An underdiagnosed cause of oral ulcer

December 14, 2015  |  Avijit Choudhury, MBBS; Tamoghna Jana, MBBS, DLO; Saumik Das, MBBS, DLO, MS, DNB; Ramanuj Sinha, MBBS, DLO, MS, DNB

Diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris requires a high degree of clinical suspicion, along with timely mucosal biopsy for histopathologic examination and a direct immunofluorescence study.

Reconstruction after resection of a lower lip squamous cell carcinoma with a submental island flap

December 14, 2015  |  Jin Pyeong Kim, MD; Hyun Woo Park, MD; Jung Je Park, MD; Seung Hoon Woo, MD

Abstract

Lip cancer is the most common malignancy of the oral cavity and the second most common cancer in the head and neck. Typically, squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip is an ulcerated lesion with raised margins. Surgery is the best treatment for lower lip cancer. The lips are...

Two cases of sublingual hematoma as a manifestation of child abuse

December 14, 2015  |  Muneesh Mehra, MD; Antonia E. Chiesa, MD; Andrew P. Sirotnak, MD

Abstract

Common intraoral manifestations of child abuse include tears of the frenula, burns, and pharyngeal perforations. Sublingual hematomas can also occur as a result of trauma, but to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case has been previously described in the context of child abuse...

Raeder syndrome: Paratrigeminal oculosympathetic syndrome presenting as a manifestation of chronic sinusitis

December 14, 2015  |  Cedric V. Pritchett, MD; Mark A. Zacharek, MD

Abstract

Raeder syndrome (paratrigeminal oculosympathetic syndrome) is a rare clinical entity characterized by ipsilateral trigeminal sensory deficits, ptosis, and miosis, with an absence of anhidrosis secondary to interruption of the postganglionic oculosympathetic pathway. Going back...

Comparison of SPECT/CT and planar MIBI in terms of operating time and cost in the surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism

October 31, 2015  |  Dhave Setabutr, MD; Kavita Vakharia, MD; Stephen J. Nogan, MD; George N. Kamel, MD; Thomas Allen, MD; Brian D. Saunders, MD; David Goldenberg, MD

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to compare operating times and costs in patients who underwent guided parathyroidectomies with either (1) technetium-99m (99mTc) multiplex ion-beam imaging (MIBI) parathyroid scintigraphy with single-photon emission computed...

Vascular malformation with phleboliths involving the parotid gland: A case report with a review of the literature

October 31, 2015  |  Caleb Ho, MD; Benjamin L. Judson, MD; Manju L. Prasad, MD

Abstract

Phleboliths within the parotid gland are exceedingly rare. We report a case of a venous malformation with multiple phleboliths that involved the left parotid gland and extended into the extraparotid tissue in a 43-year-old woman. We also review 13 similar cases that have been...

Masseter flap for reconstruction of defects after excision of buccal mucosa cancers with intact mandible

October 31, 2015  |  Pankaj Chaturvedi, MS; Sandeep Lerra, MS(ENT); Farheen Ustad, MS; Prathamesh S. Pai, MS(ENT); Devendra A. Chaukar, MS; Anil K. D'Cruz, MS

Abstract

Among the reconstructive options available for buccal mucosa defects with an intact mandible, free flap with microvascular anastomosis is the best option. However, in the developing world, with poor resources, limited infrastructure, and high patient load, this cannot be...

An imaging study of the facial nerve canal in congenital aural atresia

October 31, 2015  |  Shouqin Zhao, PhD; Demin Han, PhD; Zhenchang Wang, PhD; Jie Li, MD; Yanni Qian, MD; Yuanyuan Ren, MD; Jiyong Dong, MD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective study to investigate the abnormalities of the facial nerve canal in patients with congenital aural atresia by computed tomography (CT). Our study population was made up of 99 patients-68 males and 31 females, aged 6 to 22 years (mean: 13.5)-who had...

"Cannonball" delayed pulmonary metastases in parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma

October 31, 2015  |  David X. Liu, BS; Juan S. Gomez, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Jeremy Nguyen, MD

Optimal imaging studies for perineural invasion can be obtained with magnetic resonance imaging, which demonstrates abnormal enhancement of the cranial nerves involved.

Noninvasive intraoperative angiography for reconstruction of head and neck defects

October 31, 2015  |  Shiva P. Daram, MD; Justin M. Sacks, MD; Michael E. Kupferman, MD

Abstract

Reconstruction of head and neck defects after cancer resection involves the use of local, pedicled musculocutaneous, and free flaps. Flap failure is often caused by vascular insufficiency, and it is associated with the presence of cardiovascular or peripheral vascular disease,...

An unusual presentation of a lingual dermoid cyst

October 31, 2015  |  Megan L. Durr, MD; Annemieke van Zante, MD, PhD; Steven D. Pletcher, MD

Abstract

Dermoid cysts are rare lesions of the head and neck that usually present in children as an asymptomatic, slowly growing mass. We report a case that demonstrates that dermoid cysts can present later in life as a recurrent acute infection. Our patient was a 48-year-old man with a...

Soft palate mass

October 31, 2015  |  Evan Longfield, MD; Matthew W. Stark, MD; Anita Jeyakumar, MD, FACS

Although pleomorphic adenomas are mostly benign, they have the potential to grow very large yet remain asymptomatic.

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