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Head and Neck

Extraosseous Ewing sarcoma: Expanding the differential diagnosis of supraclavicular fossa tumors

January 25, 2017  |  Julio Rama-López, MD, PhD; Rafael Ramos Asensio, MD; Cesar García-Garza, MD; Pablo Luna Fra, MD; Maria del Carmen Gassent Balaguer, MD; José Fuster Salva, MD

Abstract

A broad spectrum of diseases can be included in the differential diagnosis of neck masses. We report a case of extraosseous Ewing sarcoma that presented as a neck mass in a 70-year-old man. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of extraosseous Ewing...

Chronic discharging sinus in the parotid: Are we missing something?

January 25, 2017  |  Mainak Dutta, MS; Indranil Chatterjee, MS, DNB, MCh(Pediatric Surgery); Mitrajit Mallik, MS, MCh(Pediatric Surgery)

A foreign body in the parotid substance/duct once diagnosed must be removed surgically, which often might require superficial parotidectomy.

Locoregional control of tongue base adenoid cystic carcinoma with primary resection and radial forearm free flap reconstruction

January 25, 2017  |  Bharat B. Yarlagadda, MD; Josh C. Meier, MD; Derrick T. Lin, MD; Kevin S. Emerick, MD; Daniel G. Deschler, MD

Abstract

Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the minor salivary glands can be challenging and marked by high rates of local recurrence despite appropriate surgical resection. Management of this pathology in the base of the tongue is particularly difficult given the poor functional outcomes...

Facial reanimation according to the postresection defect during lateral skull base surgery

December 7, 2016  |  John P. Leonetti, MD; Sahar Nadimi, MD; Sam J. Marzo, MD; Douglas Anderson, MD; Darl Vandevender, MD

Abstract

The vast majority of benign tumors of the cerebellopontine angle, temporal bone, and parotid gland can be successfully resected without permanent injury to the facial nerve. Malignant tumors or recurrent disease may require facial nerve sacrifice, especially if preoperative...

Effect of a corticosteroid (triamcinolone) and chlorhexidine on chemotherapy-induced oxidative stress in the buccal mucosa of rats

December 7, 2016  |  Sami Gümüş, MD; Murat Yarıktaş, MD; Mustafa Nazıroğlu, PhD; Abdülhadi Cihangir Uğuz, PhD; Giray Aynali, MD; Şirin Başpınar, MD

Abstract

Oral mucositis manifests as erythematous and ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa. Among its various causes, cancer treatment (e.g., chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy) is one of the more well known. It has been widely mentioned that oxidative stress parameters...

Sclerotic effect of oxytetracycline on the submandibular gland: An experimental model

December 7, 2016  |  Oguz Guclu, MD; Asli Muratli, MD; Deniz Arik, MD; Kazim Tekin, MD; Halil Erdogan, MD; Fevzi Sefa Derekoy, MD

Abstract

Oxytetracycline has been suggested as an alternate therapy for chronic recurrent sialadenitis and sialorrhea. We conducted an experimental study to investigate the sclerotic effect of this drug on the submandibular gland by histopathologic methods. Our subjects were 20 New...

Risk of thyroid malignancy following an index head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: A population-based study

December 7, 2016  |  Jason Y. Chan, MBBS; Zhen Gooi, MBBS; Wojciech K. Mydlarz, MD; Nishant Agrawal, MD

Abstract

To evaluate the incidence of a subsequent primary thyroid malignancy in patients with an index head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), we analyzed the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify a cohort of patients who...

Secretory carcinoma

December 7, 2016  |  Lester D. Thompson, MD

This tumor presents as a solitary, circumscribed but not encapsulated mass, although it may have invasive borders.

Nasopharyngeal airway to prevent tension pneumocephalus after open resection of anterior skull base tumors

December 7, 2016  |  Matthew E. Spector, MD; Jon-Paul Pepper, MD; Stephen Sullivan, MD; Lawrence Marentette, MD; Erin McKean, MD

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to assess the efficacy of using a nasopharyngeal airway in lieu of a tracheotomy or prolonged intubation for the diversion of airflow to prevent tension pneumocephalus after an open resection of anterior skull base tumors. Our study population...

End-of-life decision making in geriatric terminal head and neck cancer

December 7, 2016  |  Kourosh Parham, MD, PhD, FACS; Karen M. Kost, MD, FRCSC

In the oncogeriatric setting, the comprehensive geriatric assessment has been recognized as providing useful information supplementary to what can be obtained via standard oncology status assessments.

Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp mimicking facial cellulitis

October 25, 2016  |  Sheng-Chiao Lin, MD; Ting-Shou Chang, MD

On first appearance, angiosarcomas can be mistaken for benign lesions, such as cellulitis, hemangioma, rosacea, and rhinophyma.

Cervical metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate and maxillary alveolus

October 25, 2016  |  Yekaterina Koshkareva, MD; Jeffrey C. Liu, MD; Miriam Lango, MD; Thomas Galloway, MD; John P. Gaughan, PhD; John A. Ridge, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to determine the incidence and treatment outcomes of neck metastases in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hard palate and/or maxillary alveolus after surgical excision of the primary tumor. We also sought to identify any risk...

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