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Head and Neck

Hyperthyroidism in patients with thyroid cancer

June 14, 2016  |  Sunil Dutt Sharma, MBBS, BSc(Hons), MRCS; Gaurav Kumar, MBBS, MS(ENT), DNB; Karen Guner, CNS; Hesham Kaddour, MBBCh, DLO, FRCS(OTO)

Abstract

We present a retrospective case series of patients with hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer. Our goal was to look at their clinical characteristics and outcomes to determine which patients would require further investigation. We reviewed the case notes of all patients with a...

Malignant transformation of a high-grade osteoblastoma of the petrous apex with subcutaneous metastasis

June 14, 2016  |  Casey T. Kraft, BS; Robert J. Morrison, MD; H. Alexander Arts, MD, FACS

Abstract

We describe the clinical presentation, management, and pathologic findings in a case of osteosarcoma of the petrous apex with an atypical metastasis to the lower abdominal wall. We retrospectively reviewed the record of a 49-year-old man who was diagnosed with a right petrous...

Aberrant position of nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal nerve: Report of 3 cases and a review of the literature

June 14, 2016  |  Thomas J. Willson, MD; Jayne Stevens, MD; Nathan Salinas, MD; Joseph A. Brennan, MD

Abstract

The presence of a nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) is a significant risk factor for nerve injury during thyroid, parathyroid, and vascular surgeries involving the paratracheal area of the head and neck. The objective of this report is to review the association...

Unconventional fix for an orocutaneous fistula

June 14, 2016  |  Laura Garcia-Rodriguez, MD; Rahil Dharia, BS; Cameron Heilbronn, MD; Tamer Ghanem, MD, PhD

Local risk factors for OCF and PCF secondary to total laryngectomy include infections, exposure of salivary fluids, and radiation.

The rare fourth branchial cleft anomaly

April 30, 2016  |  Jonathan A. Harounian, MD; David Goldenberg, MD; Jason G. May, MD

The treatment for fourth branchial anomalies is complete surgical excision because of the risk of infection and life-threatening abscesses.

If cytology of Warthin tumor is accurate, can management be conservative?

April 30, 2016  |  Alexander C. Vlantis, FCS(SA)ORL; Siu Kwan Ng, FRCSEd; Chi Keung Mak, MRCS(Ed); Jackie M. Cheung, MBChB; Amy B. Chan, FHKC Path; C. Andrew van Hasselt, MMed(Otol)

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to assess the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of Warthin tumor and to evaluate the subsequent risk of conservative nonsurgical management. We reviewed the records of 75 patients (76 tumors) with a parotid...

Lichen nitidus on the dorsal tongue

April 30, 2016  |  Pedro Costa de Araujo, MD; Jerome R. Lechien, MD

This relatively uncommon, asymptomatic, idiopathic inflammatory eruption is usually found on the abdomen, pelvic area, or extremities, but rarely on the tongue.

Intramuscular hemangiomas of the head and neck: Three case reports

April 30, 2016  |  Omer Aydin, MD; Gurkan Keskin, MD; Mete Iseri, MD; Arif Ulubil, MD; Fatma Demir Kuru, MD; Abdulkadir Oran, MD; Serhan Derin, MD

Abstract

Hemangiomas are tumors of vascular origin that frequently occur on the skin and mucosal surfaces in the pediatric age group. Hemangiomas located in skeletal muscles are called intramuscular hemangiomas. Intramuscular hemangiomas mostly occur in the extremities and the trunk. In...

A large vestibular schwannoma after recent negative MRI: A case report

April 30, 2016  |  Thomas J. Muelleman, MD; James Lin, MD

Abstract

Vestibular schwannomas are, on average, slowly growing tumors that may remain quiescent for some time before manifesting themselves symptomatically or being found incidentally on imaging. We describe a case of a vestibular schwannoma that grew rapidly and to a large size in a...

An extended toboggan technique for resection of substernal thyroid goiters

April 30, 2016  |  Catherine F. Sinclair, MD; Glenn E. Peters, MD; William R. Carroll, MD

Abstract

We describe our technique for the safe resection of substernal thyroid goiters. Early mobilization of the thyroid gland from tracheal attachments anteriorly and laterally facilitates extraction of the goiter from the mediastinum. Retrograde dissection through the ligament of...

OK-432 injection therapy for cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid gland: A case report

April 30, 2016  |  Kiyoshi Makiyama, PhD, MD; Ryoji Hirai, PhD, MD; Fusako Iikuni, MD; Atsuo Ikeda, MD; Hirotaka Tomomatsu, MD

Abstract

OK-432 is an immunomodulator that has been reported to be efficacious as an injection therapy for cervical lymphomas and ranulas. We performed OK-432 injection therapy to treat a cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid gland in a 72-year-old man. The 50 x 46-mm tumor was located in...

Ectopic thyroid tissue simulating metastasis

March 16, 2016  |  Juan S. Gomez, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Jeremy Nguyen, MD; Harold R. Neitzschman, MD, FACR

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