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Middle Ear

Evolution of acute otitis media

April 18, 2013  |  Joseph A. Ursick, MD; Jose N. Fayad, MD

Treatment for acute otitis media (AOM) ranges from watchful waiting to myringotomy with or without tube placement.

A study of persistent unilateral middle ear effusion caused by occult skull base lesions

April 18, 2013  |  John P. Leonetti, MD

Abstract

The goal of this article is to review a series of patients with persistent unilateral middle ear effusion (MEE) and to suggest a more contemporary diagnostic algorithm. The author conducted a retrospective chart review of adults with persistent unilateral MEE and normal...

Middle ear metastasis from dormant breast cancer as the initial sign of disseminated disease 20 years after quadrantectomy

March 25, 2013  |  Teresa Pusiol, MD; Ilaria Franceschetti, MD; Francesca Bonfioli, MD; Francesco Barberini, MD; Giovanni Battista Scalera, MD; Irene Piscioli, MD

Abstract

We describe an unusual case of breast cancer metastatic to the middle ear in a 71-year-old woman. The metastasis was the initial sign of disseminated disease 20 years after the patient had undergone a quadrantectomy for her primary disease. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated...

Cerebrospinal fluid leak of the fallopian canal

March 25, 2013  |  Karen B. Teufert, MD; William H. Slattery, MD

Abstract

Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks from the fallopian canal are extremely rare, as only a few cases have been reported in the world literature. We describe a case of spontaneous CSF otorrhea through an enlarged geniculate fallopian canal. The patient was a 45-year-old...

Retention cyst in chronic otitis media

March 25, 2013  |  Min-Tsan Shu, MD; Kang-Chao Wu, MD; Yu-Chun Chen, MD

The retention cyst originates from the obstruction of a glandular structure and contains fluid, while the cholesteatoma contains keratinizing squamous epithelium.

Absent stapedial reflex: Otosclerosis or middle ear tumor?

February 25, 2013  |  Deb Biswas, FRCS-ORL, MS-ORL, MRCS, DOHNS; Ranjit K. Mal, FRCS

Abstract

We present an unusual case in which a patient diagnosed as having otosclerosis on the basis of clinical and audiologic findings actually had a middle ear facial nerve schwannoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case in English literature in which a...

Recurrent post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea secondary to aerobic endospore-forming bacilli: A case report and brief literature review

February 25, 2013  |  James J. Jaber, MD, PhD; Matthew L. Kircher, MD; Eric Thorpe, MD; Ryan G. Porter Sr., MD; John P. Leonetti, MD; Sam J. Marzo, MD

Abstract

We report a unique case in which a 57-year-old man with an 8-year history of late recurrent post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea (PTTO) was found to harbor Bacillus subtilis, an aerobic endospore-forming bacillus that is typically resistant to chemical and physical agents...

Complicated coexisting pyogenic and tuberculous otitis media affecting the temporozygomatic, infratemporal, and parotid areas: Report of a rare entity

January 24, 2013  |  Tripti Brar, MBBS, MS, DNB; Sumit Mrig, MBBS, MS, DNB; J.C. Passey, MS; A.K. Agarwal, MS; Shayma Jain, MD

Abstract

We report an unusual case in which a 28-year-old woman presented with a long-standing history of ear discharge, hearing loss, facial weakness with ipsilateral facial swelling and cellulitis, a postauricular fistula, and an abscess of the temporozygomatic, infratemporal, and...

Nontuberculous mycobacterial otomastoiditis: A case report

January 24, 2013  |  Li-Tai Tsai, MD; Ching-Yuan Wang, MD; Chia-Der Lin, MD; Ming-Hsui Tsai, MD

Abstract

Nontuberculous mycobacterial otomastoiditis is rare and can be easily confused with various different forms of otitis media. We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with left-sided chronic otitis media that had persisted for more than 1 year. It was not...

Tympanomastoidectomy with otoendoscopy

December 31, 2012  |  Ryan M. Rehl, MD; Sepehr Oliaei, MD; Kasra Ziai, MD; Hossein Mahboubi, MD, MPH; Hamid R. Djalilian, MD

Abstract

A cadaveric study was performed to test the hypothesis that intact-canal-wall mastoidectomy (ICWM) with otoendoscopy allows for equal or better visualization of the middle ear cavity structures when compared with canal-wall-down mastoidectomy (CWDM) with microscopy. Ten...

Middle ear atelectasis

November 1, 2012  |  Min-Tsan Shu, MD; Kang-Chao Wu, MD; Yu-Chun Chen, MD

Tympanic membrane retraction caused by long-term eustachian tube dysfunction may lead to erosion of the ossicles and cholesteatoma.

Otic polyp

November 1, 2012  |  Lester D.R. Thompson, MD

An uncommon entity, otic polyp arises in response to a long-standing inflammatory or infectious process of the middle ear, most often in young boys.

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