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Middle Ear

Sensorineural hearing loss after otitis media with effusion and subacute mastoiditis after viral infections of the upper respiratory tract: A comparative study of conservative and surgical treatment

September 19, 2016  |  Thomas Wilhelm, MD, PhD; Tim Stelzer, MD; Rudolf Hagen, MD, PhD


Involvement of the middle ear after viral infections of the upper airways may lead to serous otitis media with effusion in the absence of bacterial infection. This can be accompanied by a concomitant shading of the mastoid air cells, which could manifest as a reduced opacity on...

Clinical, functional, and surgical findings in chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion in childhood

August 21, 2016  |  Svetlana Diacova, MD; Thomas J. McDonald, MD; Ion Ababii, MD, PhD


We conducted a prospective, observational study over a 3-year period to compare the clinical, functional, and surgical findings in children with chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion who underwent one of three different types of treatment. Our study population was made...

Comparison of a microsliced modified chondroperichondrium shield graft and a temporalis fascia graft in primary type I tympanoplasty: A prospective randomized controlled trial

July 18, 2016  |  Shambhu Nath Bhattacharya, MS; Sudipta Pal, MS; Somnath Saha, MS; Prasanta Kumar Gure, MS; Anupam Roy, MS


We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to compare outcomes in type I tympanoplasty patients who received an autologous microsliced modified cartilage perichondrium shield graft (cartilage group) and those who received an autologous temporalis muscle fascia...

Epitympanic meningoencephalocele presenting as a growing middle ear mass

July 18, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

This patient had a subtle middle ear mass without an obvious effusion at the initial presentation; on repeat examination, it became more obvious that this was a meningoencephalocele

Improved visualization of a dehiscent facial nerve with otoendoscopy

April 30, 2016  |  James G. Naples, MD; John W. House, MD; Benjamin J. Wycherly, MD

In middle ear surgery, endoscopy is a valuable instrument for second-look procedures in cholesteatoma.

The effects of round window membrane injury and the use of a model electrode application on hearing in rats

March 16, 2016  |  Murat Koc, MD; Abdullah Dalgic, MD; Mehmet Ziya Ozuer, MD


We conducted an animal experiment to investigate the effects of mechanical trauma to the round window with the placement of a model electrode inserted into the scala tympani on the cochlear reserve, and to determine the efficacy of topical steroids in preventing hearing loss in...

Endolymphatic sac tumor in association with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

March 16, 2016  |  Kevin Shaigany, BS; Alejandro Vazquez, MD; Kelvin M. Kwong, MD; James K. Liu, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Patients with ELST present most commonly with sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, in a pattern reminiscent of Ménière disease.

Bone-anchored hearing aid implantation in a patient with Goldenhar syndrome

December 14, 2015  |  Griffin Santarelli, MD; Roberta E. Redfern, PhD; Aaron G. Benson, MD


Patients with Goldenhar syndrome exhibit a number of characteristic symptoms, including middle and internal ear malformations that may cause profound hearing loss. Bone-anchored hearing aids have been used to treat these patients in the past, although complications may arise...

Erosion of the incus by the chorda tympani nerve from a complex retraction pocket

September 21, 2015  |  Ramanan Daniel, MBBS; Fiona Hill, MBBS; Timothy Price, FRCS(OHNS)

Chronic eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to retraction of the tympanic membrane and bone erosion.

Can vinegar be used in treating Pseudomonas ear infections in a patient with a perforated eardrum?

August 27, 2015  |  Muhamed Aslam Khan, MS, MRCSEd; Nazneen Khan, MBBS, DGO, DRCOG


Chronic Pseudomonas ear infections are difficult to treat, particularly in immunodeficient patients. Vinegar therapy is a time-tested measure for the treatment of these infections. It is inexpensive, simple, easy to administer, and very effective. However, some...

Use of the chorda tympani nerve in reconstruction of the ossicular chain

April 28, 2015  |  Yi Qiao, MD; Wen-Wen Chen, MD; Ya-Xin Deng, MD; Jun Tong, MD


We conducted a study to assess the use of the chorda tympani nerve in reconstruction of the ossicular chain. We retrospectively examined the medical records of 141 patients (154 ears) who had undergone middle ear surgery with 12 months of follow-up. The study population was...

Cochlear implantation leading to successful stapedectomy in the contralateral only-hearing ear

March 2, 2015  |  Samantha J. Mikals, MD; Gerald I. Schuchman, PhD; Joshua G.W. Bernstein, PhD; Arnaldo L. Rivera, MD


Cochlear implants have recently begun to be offered to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Implantation in these patients has led to good results in suppressing ipsilateral tinnitus and in providing audiologic benefits in terms of speech perception in noise and...


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