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Erosion of the incus by the chorda tympani nerve from a complex retraction pocket

September 21, 2015  |  Ramanan Daniel, MBBS; Fiona Hill, MBBS; Timothy Price, FRCS(OHNS)

Chronic eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to retraction of the tympanic membrane and bone erosion.

Absence of the long process of the incus

February 2, 2015  |  Christina H. Fang, BS; Robert W. Jyung, MD

A definitive diagnosis of an ossicular defect, such as absence of the incus long process, requires an exploratory tympanotomy.

Outcomes following ossicular chain reconstruction with composite prostheses: Hydroxyapatite-polyethylene vs. hydroxyapatite-titanium

June 12, 2013  |  Yoav Hahn, MD; and Dennis I. Bojrab, MD


We conducted a retrospective study to compare the results of ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR) with two types of composite prosthesis: a hydroxyapatite-polyethylene (HAPEX) implant and a hydroxyapatite-titanium (HATi) prosthesis. We reviewed the records of 222 patients-104...

Traumatic ossicle extrusion into the external auditory canal

June 12, 2013  |  Manish Gupta, MS(ENT); Sunder Singh, MS(ENT); and Monica Gupta, MD(Med)


We report a rare case of incus dislocation into the external auditory canal following a head injury. The patient was a 35-year-old man who presented to the surgical emergency unit with a head injury that he had sustained during a traffic accident. An x-ray of the skull detected...

Idiopathic incus necrosis: Analysis of 4 cases

February 25, 2013  |  Leyla Kansu, MD; Ismail Yilmaz, MD; Volkan Akdogan, MD; Suat Avci, MD; Levent Ozluoglu, MD


We evaluated ossicular chain reconstruction in patients with idiopathic incus necrosis who have conductive hearing loss and an intact ear drum. The study included four patients (3 women and 1 man; the ages of the patients were 22, 31, 35, and 56 years, respectively) with...

Incus augmentation with glass ionomer cement in primary and revision stapes surgery

December 17, 2010  |  Gediz Murat Serin, MD, Behram Çam, MD, Ufuk Derinsu, PhD, Murat Sari, MD, and Çağlar Batman, MD


In stapedotomy, augmentation of the long process of the incus is necessary when the structure is too short or thin or when the bone has been eroded to the point that it is not possible to satisfactorily attach a piston prosthesis to it. One substance that has been used to...

Dissection of the incus long process by the chorda tympani nerve

April 1, 2010  |  Julia Vent, MD, PhD and Dirk Beutner, MD

Applebaum incudostapedial prosthesis

September 1, 2009  |  James Lin, MD and Jose N. Fayad, MD

Ossicular chain dislocation with normal hearing

June 1, 2005  |  Allison R. Holzapfel, MD; C.Y. Joseph Chang, MD; Kevin D. Pereira, MD
We report a unique case of an ossicular chain injury in a young man. Despite the fact that the patient's incus...

Surgical-handling properties of the titanium prosthesis in ossiculoplasty

March 1, 2005  |  Marcus M. Maassen, MD; Hubert Löwenheim, MD; Markus Pfister, MD; Stephan Herberhold, MD; Jesus Rodriguez Jorge, MD; Ingo Baumann, MD; Andreas Nüsser, MD; Rainer Zimmermann, MD; Sibylle Brosch, MD; Hans P. Zenner, MD
Despite the wide variety of ossiculoplasty techniques that are available, success rates are limited. Current use...

Ossiculoplasty in a patient with a cleft of the soft palate

February 1, 2005  |  Arun K. Gadre, MD

Spontaneous atticotomy

May 1, 2004  |  Jack L. Pulec, MD†; Christian Deguine, MD
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