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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Tracheal bronchus in an 11-month-old infant

October 24, 2013  |  Robert Sprecher, MD, FACS, FAAP; Gary Josephson, MD, FACS, FAAP

The possibility of a tracheal bronchus should be entertained when a patient presents with recurrent right upper lobe pneumonia or right upper lobe collapse.

Infected sublingual hematoma: A rare complication of frenulectomy

July 22, 2013  |  Amal Isaiah, MD, DPhil; Kevin D. Pereira, MD, MS

Given the spectrum of potential poor outcomes, some consensus has emerged in favor of early surgical management of significant ankyloglossia.

Intrapharyngeal schwannoma in a pediatric patient

June 12, 2013  |  Nader Nassif, MD; Mariaelisabetta Cottelli, MD; Davide Farina, MD; and Marco Berlucchi, MD

Abstract

Schwannomas are benign peripheral nerve neoplasms that arise from Schwann cells. They usually occur in the adult population. The most common site in the head and neck region is the parapharyngeal space. Intrapharyngeal schwannomas are extremely rare, and those that have been...

Laryngeal plexiform neurofibroma in a child

June 12, 2013  |  Fikret Kasapoglu, MD; Talip Ozdemircan, MD; and Levent Erisen, MD

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetically inherited, autosomal dominant disease, characterized by multiple cafe au lait spots, cutaneous neurofibromas and “Lisch nodules.” Neurofibromatosis can develop from a neural source at any age. However, neurofibroma of the larynx is...

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of neonatal suppurative parotitis: A report of two cases and review of the literature

June 12, 2013  |  Sean T. Donovan, MD; Grant T. Rohman, MD; John P. Selph, MD; Roy Rajan, MD; Rosemary M. Stocks, MD; and Jerome W. Thompson, MD, MBA

Abstract

Suppurative parotitis is an uncommon entity identified in newborns. While Staphylococcus aureus has been frequently identified as the causative pathogen among the few patients diagnosed with neonatal suppurative parotitis (NSP), there has only been one prior case...

Congenital cholesteatoma in a 3-year-old

April 18, 2013  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

 When a congenital cholesteatoma is diagnosed early as a localized circumscribed mass, it can be resected with a very low risk of recurrence.

Airway management in an infant with alobar holoprosencephaly and cebocephaly associated with maternal diabetes mellitus

April 18, 2013  |  Rajanya S. Petersson, MD; William A. Carey, MD; Dana M. Thompson, MD

Abstract

We report a case of alobar holoprosencephaly (HPE) and cebocephaly associated with uncontrolled maternal type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Alobar HPE is the most severe form of HPE. Patients with cebocephaly have ocular hypotelorism and a proboscis with a single,...

Bilateral mastoid subperiosteal abscesses in an infant

January 24, 2013  |  Hernan Goldsztien, MD; Kevin D. Pereira, MD

The finding of bilateral acute mastoiditis in an infant should prompt a search for underlying predisposing causes.

Sphenoethmoid sinusitis in a child resulting in a disastrous intracranial sequela

November 1, 2012  |  Aye Jane Sow, MS(ORL-HNS); Jeevanan Jahendran, MS(ORL-HNS); Charng Jeng Toh, MS(Neurosurg); Thean Yean Kew, FRCR

Abstract

Localized sphenoethmoid sinusitis in children is a rare occurrence. It is usually overlooked because of the misconception that the sinuses are not developed. We describe a case of localized acute sphenoid and right posterior ethmoid sinusitis that presented as right frontobasal...

Tongue base cyst in a 6-week-old boy

October 8, 2012  |  Joel Y. Sun, BA; Ron B. Mitchell, MD; Seckin O. Ulualp, MD

After excision, a histologic finding of an epithelial lining without ectopic thyroid tissue confirms the diagnosis of a lingual thyroglossal duct cyst.

Spontaneous cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema secondary to pneumomediastinum in an otherwise asymptomatic child

October 4, 2012  |  Tripti Maithani, MS; Debraj Dey, MS; Chandermohan Sharma, MS

Abstract

A 12-year-old boy presented with subcutaneous emphysema of the face, neck, and upper chest. He had no significant history that suggested any specific cause, and initial investigations revealed no underlying pathology. Computed tomography of the chest...

Juvenile xanthogranuloma of the tympanic membrane: A case report

September 7, 2012  |  Michael W. Chu, MD; Alice Werner, MD; Stephanie A. Moody-Antonio, MD

Abstract

Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic lesion that generally affects infants and children. These lesions characteristically appear as a solitary, yellow, cutaneous nodule of the head, neck, or trunk. Subcutaneous and...

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