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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Cervical accessory tragus: An unusual pediatric neck mass

January 21, 2014  |  Thomas R. Lowry, MD

An accessory tragus occurs as the result of a developmental anomaly of the first branchial arch, and it may be associated with other branchial cleft abnormalities.

Bilateral dacryocystoceles as a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress: Report of 2 cases

January 21, 2014  |  Mélanie Lecavalier, MD; Lily H.P. Nguyen, MD, MSc, FRCSC

Abstract

Although obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct is a fairly common finding in newborns, development of a dacryocystocele (nasolacrimal duct cyst) is uncommon. Bilateral dacryocystoceles that expand intranasally and cause respiratory distress in the newborn are rarer still. We...

A rare cause of submandibular swelling in a 12-year-old child: Pleomorphic adenoma

January 21, 2014  |  Puneet S. Braich, MD, MPH; Shohan Shetty, MD; Archana Lingampally, MBBS; Michael S. Ajemian, MD, FACS; Mahesh H. Bhaya, MBBS, FACS

Abstract

Pleomorphic adenoma is rare in pediatric populations, where viral and congenital problems are the usual culprits responsible for submandibular masses. We report the case of a 12-year-old child who presented with a painless right submandibular mass that had developed over the...

Tracheal bronchus in an 11-month-old infant

October 24, 2013  |  Robert Sprecher, MD, FACS, FAAP; Gary Josephson, MD, FACS, FAAP

The possibility of a tracheal bronchus should be entertained when a patient presents with recurrent right upper lobe pneumonia or right upper lobe collapse.

Infected sublingual hematoma: A rare complication of frenulectomy

July 22, 2013  |  Amal Isaiah, MD, DPhil; Kevin D. Pereira, MD, MS

Given the spectrum of potential poor outcomes, some consensus has emerged in favor of early surgical management of significant ankyloglossia.

Intrapharyngeal schwannoma in a pediatric patient

June 12, 2013  |  Nader Nassif, MD; Mariaelisabetta Cottelli, MD; Davide Farina, MD; and Marco Berlucchi, MD

Abstract

Schwannomas are benign peripheral nerve neoplasms that arise from Schwann cells. They usually occur in the adult population. The most common site in the head and neck region is the parapharyngeal space. Intrapharyngeal schwannomas are extremely rare, and those that have been...

Laryngeal plexiform neurofibroma in a child

June 12, 2013  |  Fikret Kasapoglu, MD; Talip Ozdemircan, MD; and Levent Erisen, MD

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetically inherited, autosomal dominant disease, characterized by multiple cafe au lait spots, cutaneous neurofibromas and “Lisch nodules.” Neurofibromatosis can develop from a neural source at any age. However, neurofibroma of the larynx is...

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of neonatal suppurative parotitis: A report of two cases and review of the literature

June 12, 2013  |  Sean T. Donovan, MD; Grant T. Rohman, MD; John P. Selph, MD; Roy Rajan, MD; Rosemary M. Stocks, MD; and Jerome W. Thompson, MD, MBA

Abstract

Suppurative parotitis is an uncommon entity identified in newborns. While Staphylococcus aureus has been frequently identified as the causative pathogen among the few patients diagnosed with neonatal suppurative parotitis (NSP), there has only been one prior case...

Congenital cholesteatoma in a 3-year-old

April 18, 2013  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

 When a congenital cholesteatoma is diagnosed early as a localized circumscribed mass, it can be resected with a very low risk of recurrence.

Airway management in an infant with alobar holoprosencephaly and cebocephaly associated with maternal diabetes mellitus

April 18, 2013  |  Rajanya S. Petersson, MD; William A. Carey, MD; Dana M. Thompson, MD

Abstract

We report a case of alobar holoprosencephaly (HPE) and cebocephaly associated with uncontrolled maternal type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Alobar HPE is the most severe form of HPE. Patients with cebocephaly have ocular hypotelorism and a proboscis with a single,...

Bilateral mastoid subperiosteal abscesses in an infant

January 24, 2013  |  Hernan Goldsztien, MD; Kevin D. Pereira, MD

The finding of bilateral acute mastoiditis in an infant should prompt a search for underlying predisposing causes.

Sphenoethmoid sinusitis in a child resulting in a disastrous intracranial sequela

November 1, 2012  |  Aye Jane Sow, MS(ORL-HNS); Jeevanan Jahendran, MS(ORL-HNS); Charng Jeng Toh, MS(Neurosurg); Thean Yean Kew, FRCR

Abstract

Localized sphenoethmoid sinusitis in children is a rare occurrence. It is usually overlooked because of the misconception that the sinuses are not developed. We describe a case of localized acute sphenoid and right posterior ethmoid sinusitis that presented as right frontobasal...

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