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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Airway characteristics of infants with Pierre Robin sequence who undergo mandibular distraction osteogenesis

August 27, 2015  |  Paul Hong, MD, FRCSC; Donald Kearns, MD, FAAP


Newborn upper airway obstruction secondary to micrognathia and Pierre Robin sequence can be managed with conservative and surgical interventions. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been used to relieve micrognathia associated with severe airway obstruction. We conducted a...

Fetal rhabdomyoma of the tongue in a newborn

July 21, 2015  |  Nicole L. Aaronson, MD; Julia C.D. Toman, MD; Michael Z. Lerner, MD; Eric D. Baum, MD

Most extra-cardiac rhabdomyomas in the oral cavity arise in the floor of mouth,

Sleep problems of adolescents: A detailed survey

June 5, 2015  |  Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Selda Fatma Bulbul, MD; Mahmut Turgut, MD; Gulsah Agirtas, MD


We investigated the sleep problems and sleep habits of adolescents at three public primary schools and two high schools. Our study included 428 Turkish school children (244 girls and 184 boys). We used a questionnaire to determine the time they went to sleep at night; waking...

Unexpected cholesteatoma in a very young child with a congenital aural duplication anomaly

April 28, 2015  |  Moo Kyun Park, MD

Cholesteatoma can develop in very young children with congenital aural stenosis and a duplication anomaly, and physicians should consider this condition in affected children with otalgia and otorrhea.

Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions testing in neonates treated with an aminoglycoside in a neonatal intensive care unit

April 28, 2015  |  Iosif Vital, MD; George Psillas, MD; Nikolaos Nikolaides, MD; George Kekes, MD; Stavros Hatzopoulos, MD; John Constantinidis, MD


We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing. Our study population was made up of 164 newborns who were divided into three...


January 19, 2015  |  Lester D.R. Thompson, MD

When there is significant infraorbital maxillary involvement, the inferior rim of the sclera is more prominent, resulting in the classic “eyes to heaven” appearance.

Unusual presentation of a midline neck mass

January 19, 2015  |  Yann-Fuu Kou, MD; Gopi Shah, MD, MPH; Ronald Mitchell, MD; Larry L. Myers, MD

Venous malformations are usually visible at birth, although deeper lesions may have normal overlying skin or a bluish discoloration. They grow proportionately with the child and can expand in adulthood.

Lingual hamartoma associated with a cleft palate in a newborn

October 18, 2014  |  Opeyemi O. Daramola, MD; Mariko Suchi, MD, PhD; Robert H. Chun, MD


A hamartoma is a benign malformation of native tissue that may occur in any area of the body. Hamartoma of the tongue is a rare developmental lesion. We describe the case of a pendulant lingual hamartoma in a 2-day-old girl that had not been identified on prenatal...

Congenital airway anomaly of double aortic arch in a 2-day-old infant

October 18, 2014  |  Seo Moon, MD; Jessica Mayor, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

Double aortic vascular ring is a complete vascular ring that is formed when the distal portion of the right dorsal aorta fails to regress and the ascending aorta bifurcates to surround and compress both trachea and esophagus and rejoins to form the descending aorta.

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

July 14, 2014  |  Rosemary Ojo, MD; Si Chen, MD; Liset Pelaez, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

All children with rhabdomyosarcoma require multimodality therapy to maximize local tumor control. This can involve different combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

Evidence-based update on tympanostomy tube placement for otitis media in children

July 14, 2014  |  Jeffrey Cheng, MD; Lisa Elden, MD

Controversy has grown over the indications, timing, and efficacy of tympanostomy tube placement compared with watchful waiting.

How do pediatric adenoidectomy and adenotonsillotomy influence maternal psychological status?

June 9, 2014  |  Olaf Zagolski, MD, PhD and Jan Kulisiewicz, MD, PhD


We conducted a study to determine the impact that pediatric adenoidectomy or adenotonsillotomy (adenoidectomy with a partial tonsillectomy) had on the short-term psychological status of the children's mothers. Mothers of 100 treated children were examined with the 14-item...


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