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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Airway characteristics of infants with Pierre Robin sequence who undergo mandibular distraction osteogenesis

August 27, 2015  |  Paul Hong, MD, FRCSC; Donald Kearns, MD, FAAP

Abstract

Newborn upper airway obstruction secondary to micrognathia and Pierre Robin sequence can be managed with conservative and surgical interventions. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been used to relieve micrognathia associated with severe airway obstruction. We conducted a...

The incidence of postoperative aspiration among children undergoing supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia

August 27, 2015  |  Lauren C. Anderson de Moreno, MD; Sarah J. Burgin, MD; Bruce H. Matt, MD, MS

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to determine the incidence of aspiration after supraglottoplasty at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis. We reviewed the charts of 468 patients-281 males and 187 females, aged 2 days to 20 years-who had undergone supraglottoplasty for...

Fetal rhabdomyoma of the tongue in a newborn

July 21, 2015  |  Nicole L. Aaronson, MD; Julia C.D. Toman, MD; Michael Z. Lerner, MD; Eric D. Baum, MD

Most extra-cardiac rhabdomyomas in the oral cavity arise in the floor of mouth,

Sleep problems of adolescents: A detailed survey

June 5, 2015  |  Nuray Bayar Muluk, MD; Selda Fatma Bulbul, MD; Mahmut Turgut, MD; Gulsah Agirtas, MD

Abstract

We investigated the sleep problems and sleep habits of adolescents at three public primary schools and two high schools. Our study included 428 Turkish school children (244 girls and 184 boys). We used a questionnaire to determine the time they went to sleep at night; waking...

Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions testing in neonates treated with an aminoglycoside in a neonatal intensive care unit

April 28, 2015  |  Iosif Vital, MD; George Psillas, MD; Nikolaos Nikolaides, MD; George Kekes, MD; Stavros Hatzopoulos, MD; John Constantinidis, MD

Abstract

We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing. Our study population was made up of 164 newborns who were divided into three...

Unexpected cholesteatoma in a very young child with a congenital aural duplication anomaly

April 28, 2015  |  Moo Kyun Park, MD

Cholesteatoma can develop in very young children with congenital aural stenosis and a duplication anomaly, and physicians should consider this condition in affected children with otalgia and otorrhea.

Unusual presentation of a midline neck mass

January 19, 2015  |  Yann-Fuu Kou, MD; Gopi Shah, MD, MPH; Ronald Mitchell, MD; Larry L. Myers, MD

Venous malformations are usually visible at birth, although deeper lesions may have normal overlying skin or a bluish discoloration. They grow proportionately with the child and can expand in adulthood.

Cherubism

January 19, 2015  |  Lester D.R. Thompson, MD

When there is significant infraorbital maxillary involvement, the inferior rim of the sclera is more prominent, resulting in the classic “eyes to heaven” appearance.

Lingual hamartoma associated with a cleft palate in a newborn

October 18, 2014  |  Opeyemi O. Daramola, MD; Mariko Suchi, MD, PhD; Robert H. Chun, MD

Abstract

A hamartoma is a benign malformation of native tissue that may occur in any area of the body. Hamartoma of the tongue is a rare developmental lesion. We describe the case of a pendulant lingual hamartoma in a 2-day-old girl that had not been identified on prenatal...

Congenital airway anomaly of double aortic arch in a 2-day-old infant

October 18, 2014  |  Seo Moon, MD; Jessica Mayor, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

Double aortic vascular ring is a complete vascular ring that is formed when the distal portion of the right dorsal aorta fails to regress and the ascending aorta bifurcates to surround and compress both trachea and esophagus and rejoins to form the descending aorta.

Evidence-based update on tympanostomy tube placement for otitis media in children

July 14, 2014  |  Jeffrey Cheng, MD; Lisa Elden, MD

Controversy has grown over the indications, timing, and efficacy of tympanostomy tube placement compared with watchful waiting.

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

July 14, 2014  |  Rosemary Ojo, MD; Si Chen, MD; Liset Pelaez, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

All children with rhabdomyosarcoma require multimodality therapy to maximize local tumor control. This can involve different combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

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