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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Lingual hamartoma associated with a cleft palate in a newborn

October 18, 2014  |  Opeyemi O. Daramola, MD; Mariko Suchi, MD, PhD; Robert H. Chun, MD

Abstract

A hamartoma is a benign malformation of native tissue that may occur in any area of the body. Hamartoma of the tongue is a rare developmental lesion. We describe the case of a pendulant lingual hamartoma in a 2-day-old girl that had not been identified on prenatal...

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

July 14, 2014  |  Rosemary Ojo, MD; Si Chen, MD; Liset Pelaez, MD; Ramzi Younis, MD

All children with rhabdomyosarcoma require multimodality therapy to maximize local tumor control. This can involve different combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

Evidence-based update on tympanostomy tube placement for otitis media in children

July 14, 2014  |  Jeffrey Cheng, MD; Lisa Elden, MD

Controversy has grown over the indications, timing, and efficacy of tympanostomy tube placement compared with watchful waiting.

Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss

June 9, 2014  |  Dennis J. Kitsko, DO, FACS, FAOCO

Children with hearing loss should avoid noise exposure, and families should be counseled to protect their child's hearing environment and to educate their children about the long-term need to avoid excessive noise exposure.

How do pediatric adenoidectomy and adenotonsillotomy influence maternal psychological status?

June 9, 2014  |  Olaf Zagolski, MD, PhD and Jan Kulisiewicz, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a study to determine the impact that pediatric adenoidectomy or adenotonsillotomy (adenoidectomy with a partial tonsillectomy) had on the short-term psychological status of the children's mothers. Mothers of 100 treated children were examined with the 14-item...

A "nail-biting" case of an airway foreign body

May 8, 2014  |  Parker A. Velargo, MD; Jennifer D. McLevy, MD

While cases of large, completely obstructing foreign bodies in the subglottis would lead to sudden respiratory distress, the initial presentation of smaller foreign bodies in the subglottis can be quite similar to croup, presenting with biphasic stridor, cough, and/or the steeple sign....

Pediatric cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma with Horner syndrome: A rare case presentation

March 19, 2014  |  Sanjeev Bhagat, MS; Saurabh Varshney, MS; Sampan S. Bist, MS; and Nitin Gupta, MS

Abstract

Schwannomas are rare, benign, slowly growing neurogenic tumors that originate in peripheral, spinal, or cranial nerves other than the optic and olfactory nerves. In the head and neck, these tumors usually arise from the vagus nerve and the cervical sympathetic chain in the...

Pseudo third cranial nerve palsy secondary to orbital ectopic lacrimal gland cyst: Management with functional endoscopic sinus surgery

February 12, 2014  |  Puneet S. Braich, BSc; Jonathan E. Silbert, MD; Andrew J. Levada, MD; and Neil R. Schiff, MD

Abstract

An otherwise healthy 13-month-old girl was noted by her pediatrician to have developed a left head turn. The patient was referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist, who noticed signs of incomplete third cranial nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of an...

Bilateral dacryocystoceles as a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress: Report of 2 cases

January 21, 2014  |  Mélanie Lecavalier, MD; Lily H.P. Nguyen, MD, MSc, FRCSC

Abstract

Although obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct is a fairly common finding in newborns, development of a dacryocystocele (nasolacrimal duct cyst) is uncommon. Bilateral dacryocystoceles that expand intranasally and cause respiratory distress in the newborn are rarer still. We...

Cervical accessory tragus: An unusual pediatric neck mass

January 21, 2014  |  Thomas R. Lowry, MD

An accessory tragus occurs as the result of a developmental anomaly of the first branchial arch, and it may be associated with other branchial cleft abnormalities.

Recurrent chondro-osseous respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma of the nasal cavity in a child

January 21, 2014  |  Kazuhiro Nomura, MD, PhD; Takeshi Oshima, MD, PhD; Atsuko Maki, MD, PhD; Takahiro Suzuki, MD, PhD; Kenjiro Higashi, MD; Mika Watanabe, MD, PhD; Toshimitsu Kobayashi, MD, PhD

Abstract

Chondro-osseous respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (COREAH) is an extremely rare type of hamartoma. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 case has been previously reported. A 7-year-old girl presented with a case of COREAH of the bilateral nasal cavities. Polypous...

A rare cause of submandibular swelling in a 12-year-old child: Pleomorphic adenoma

January 21, 2014  |  Puneet S. Braich, MD, MPH; Shohan Shetty, MD; Archana Lingampally, MBBS; Michael S. Ajemian, MD, FACS; Mahesh H. Bhaya, MBBS, FACS

Abstract

Pleomorphic adenoma is rare in pediatric populations, where viral and congenital problems are the usual culprits responsible for submandibular masses. We report the case of a 12-year-old child who presented with a painless right submandibular mass that had developed over the...

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