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Pediatric Otolaryngology

Clinical, functional, and surgical findings in chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion in childhood

August 21, 2016  |  Svetlana Diacova, MD; Thomas J. McDonald, MD; Ion Ababii, MD, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a prospective, observational study over a 3-year period to compare the clinical, functional, and surgical findings in children with chronic bilateral otitis media with effusion who underwent one of three different types of treatment. Our study population was made...

Management of obstructive sleep apnea in children: A practical approach

July 18, 2016  |  Kevin D. Pereira, MD; Cindy K. Jon, MD, MPH; Peter Szmuk, MD; Rande H. Lazar, MD; Ron B. Mitchell, MD

Abstract

The management of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children differs between institutions, and there is a need for an updated review of current practice. Literature was reviewed using the PubMed database from 1995 to 2015 by four tertiary care providers experienced in the...

Congenital granular cell tumor in a child with tetralogy of Fallot

July 18, 2016  |  Felicity Lenes-Voit, MD; Anthony Sheyn, MD; Debra Weinberger, MD

Although congenital granular cell tumors are always benign, they can cause feeding difficulties and airway obstruction.

Infant with an unusual neck mass

April 30, 2016  |  Shiva Daram, MD; Ron B. Mitchell, MD

This case highlights the need to consider phlebectasias of the internal jugular vein when evaluating an infant with a compressible neck mass.

A case of pediatric parapharyngeal space ganglioneuroma

April 30, 2016  |  Natalie Garzorz, MD; Gillian R. Diercks, MD; Harrison W. Lin, MD; William C. Faquin, MD, PhD; Laura V. Romo, MD; Christopher J. Hartnick, MD, MS

Abstract

Ganglioneuromas are rare, benign neoplasms derived from sympathetic neural crest progenitor cells. In the pediatric population, ganglioneuromas usually develop in the mediastinum or retroperitoneum. We report the case of a 3-year-old boy who presented with a painless enlarging...

Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis in children: A review of 7 cases

March 16, 2016  |  Jesse T. Ryan, MD; Maria Pena, MD; George H. Zalzal, MD; Diego A. Preciado, MD, PhD

Abstract

Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) is a rare but serious intracranial complication of acute or chronic otitis media. Reported mortality rates have ranged from 8 to 25%; the pediatric mortality rate might be as low as 5%. Controversy still exists over the medical and...

Two cases of sublingual hematoma as a manifestation of child abuse

December 14, 2015  |  Muneesh Mehra, MD; Antonia E. Chiesa, MD; Andrew P. Sirotnak, MD

Abstract

Common intraoral manifestations of child abuse include tears of the frenula, burns, and pharyngeal perforations. Sublingual hematomas can also occur as a result of trauma, but to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case has been previously described in the context of child abuse...

Button battery injuries in the pediatric aerodigestive tract

December 14, 2015  |  Abhinav R. Ettyreddy, BS; Matthew W. Georg, BS; David H. Chi, MD; Barbara A. Gaines, MD; Jeffrey P. Simons, MD

Abstract

Children with a button battery impaction present with nonspecific symptoms that may account for a delay in medical care. We conducted a retrospective study of the clinical presentation, management, and complications associated with button battery ingestion in the pediatric...

Laryngofissure for resection of a recurrent saccular cyst

October 31, 2015  |  Reed C. Gilbow, BS; J. Mark Reed, MD; Jeffrey D. Carron, MD

Congenital saccular cysts represent a rare cause of airway obstruction and inspiratory stridor in infants.

The incidence of postoperative aspiration among children undergoing supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia

August 27, 2015  |  Lauren C. Anderson de Moreno, MD; Sarah J. Burgin, MD; Bruce H. Matt, MD, MS

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective study to determine the incidence of aspiration after supraglottoplasty at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis. We reviewed the charts of 468 patients-281 males and 187 females, aged 2 days to 20 years-who had undergone supraglottoplasty for...

Airway characteristics of infants with Pierre Robin sequence who undergo mandibular distraction osteogenesis

August 27, 2015  |  Paul Hong, MD, FRCSC; Donald Kearns, MD, FAAP

Abstract

Newborn upper airway obstruction secondary to micrognathia and Pierre Robin sequence can be managed with conservative and surgical interventions. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been used to relieve micrognathia associated with severe airway obstruction. We conducted a...

Fetal rhabdomyoma of the tongue in a newborn

July 21, 2015  |  Nicole L. Aaronson, MD; Julia C.D. Toman, MD; Michael Z. Lerner, MD; Eric D. Baum, MD

Most extra-cardiac rhabdomyomas in the oral cavity arise in the floor of mouth,

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