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Duodenogastroesophageal reflux and its effect on extraesophageal tissues: A review

April 1, 2008  |  Joel H. Blumin, MD, Albert L. Merati, MD, and Robert J. Toohill, MD


We conducted a literature review to identify elements of duodenogastroesophageal reflux (DGER)—namely pancreatic fluids, hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and bile—as to the effects each has when refluxed to the extraesophageal structures. Further, we wished to acquaint clinicians...

Retropharyngeal hematoma as a complication of anticoagulation therapy

March 1, 2008  |  Ertap Akoğlu, MD, Ergün Seyfeli, MD, Sebahat Akoğlu, MD, Sinem Karazincir, MD, Şemsettin Okuyucu, MD, and Ali Şafak Dağli, MD


Reports in the literature of retropharyngeal hematoma as a complication of anticoagulation therapy are rare. When this complication does occur, it can become life-threatening if the airway is compromised. However, no consensus exists as to which approach—intubation, tracheotomy...

Management of hypopharyngeal and esophageal perforations in children: Three case reports and a review of the literature

January 1, 2008  |  Eric D. Baum, MD, Lisa M. Elden, MD, Steven D. Handler, MD, and Lawrence W. C. Tom, MD


We report 2 cases of pediatric hypopharyngeal perforation that occurred during endoscopy and 1 case of esophageal perforation that developed during nasogastric tube insertion at a tertiary care academic medical center. These cases were identified during a retrospective chart...

Extramedullary plasmacytomas of the larynx and parapharyngeal space: Imaging and pathologic features

September 1, 2007  |  Khari Lewis, BDS; Rose Thomas, MBChB; Richard Grace, FRCP, FRCPath; Christopher Moffat, FRCPath; George Manjaly, FRCS; David C. Howlett, MRCP, FRCR
Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare plasma cell neoplasm that can occur in the head and neck. In this article...

Solitary fibrous tumor of the parapharyngeal space

August 1, 2007  |  Quang T. Vo, MD; Joseph A. Wolf, MD; James W. Turner, MD; Marina Murkis, MD; Daisy Saw, MD; Larry J. Shemen, MD
Solitary fibrous tumors are benign neoplasms of mesenchymal origin. They usually arise from the visceral or...

Undifferentiated metastatic carcinoma and myoepithelioma: Two rare causes of hypervascular masses of the parapharyngeal space

July 1, 2007  |  Robert A. Koenigsberg, DO, FAOCR; Nakul Vakil, MD, MPH; Bosco Noronha, MD, FRCS
We report 2 unusual cases of hypervascular masses in the parapharyngeal space. The first case involved a poorly...

Tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess

April 1, 2007  |  M. Panduranga Kamath, MS; Kiran M. Bhojwani, MS; Surendra U. Kamath, MS; Chakrapani Mahabala, MD; Salil Agarwal, MBBS

Perforating and migrating pharyngoesophageal foreign bodies: A series of 5 patients

September 1, 2006  |  Khalid Al-Sebeih, MD, FRCSC; Miloslav Valvoda, MD; Amro Sobeih, MD; Mutlaq Al-Sihan, MD
Ingestion of a foreign body is a problem seen in nearly all otolaryngologic practices. One of the least common...

The 'sentinel clot' sign in spontaneous retropharyngeal hematoma secondary to parathyroid apoplexy

September 1, 2006  |  George Koulouris, FRANZCR; Marcus Pianta, MBBS; Stephen Stuckey, FRANZCR
Spontaneous retropharyngeal hemorrhage from a cervical parathyroid adenoma is a rare complication of primary...

Fibrous dysplasia in the retropharyngeal area

July 1, 2006  |  Muharrem Gerceker, MD; Ozan Bagis Ozgursoy, MD; Atilla Erdem, MD; Cemil Ekinci, MD
More fibro-osseous lesions originate in the bones of the extremities than in the craniomaxillofacial bones,...

Kimura's disease of the parapharyngeal space

February 1, 2006  |  Christopher Goh Hood Keng, FRCS, FAMS; Kenny Peter Pang, FRCS, MMed, FAMS; Poh Wee Teng, FRCPA, FAMS
Kimura's disease is a fairly uncommon inflammatory con-dition of unknown etiology. It classically presents in...

Impacted pharyngeal fish bone migrating to the retropharynx

November 1, 2005  |  David A. Lehman, MD; Frank C. Astor, MD; Soham Roy, MD


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