Palate

Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma

January 21, 2014     Lester D.R. Thompson, MD
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PLGA affects the palate (60% of cases) most commonly, especially at the mucosal junction of the hard and soft palates; the next most common sites are the cheek and the lip, often the upper lip.

Ice-cream stick injury resembling torus palatinus

September 18, 2013     Rumi Khajotia, MBBS, MD, FAMA, FAMS; S.T. Kew, FRCP
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The size of a torus palatinus usually varies from barely discernible to very large, and it may be flat or lobular.

Peripheral osteoma of the hard palate

August 21, 2013     Borlingegowda Viswanatha, MS, DLO, PhD
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Abstract

Peripheral osteomas of the hard palate are relatively rare. Two cases of osteoma of the hard palate are reported, along with a review of the literature.

Unusual hard palate foreign body: A case report

April 17, 2013     Allison N. Rasband-Lindquist, MD; Rodney Lusk, MD
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Abstract

Foreign bodies embedded in the palate are exceedingly rare, and may imitate oral lesions. The majority of cases occur in infants and children. The following report discusses the unique presentation of a foreign body in the hard palate of an infant. This report emphasizes that foreign bodies must be considered in the differential of lesions found in the oral cavity of children.

Two-flap palatoplasty: Description of the surgical technique and reporting of results at a single center

March 1, 2012     Emmanouel Koudoumnakis, MD, Ioannis M. Vlastos, MD, PhD, Kostas Parpounas, MD, PhD, and Michael Houlakis, MD, PhD
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Abstract

Two-flap palatoplasty is commonly used to treat cleft palate defects, but only a few reports on outcomes have been published in the literature. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 257 cases of cleft palate treated with two-flap palatoplasty at a single center in Greece over a 13-year period. Our outcomes data included surgical complication rates, the results of speech assessments, midface development, and other parameters. We found a low rate of short- and long-term complications that required revision surgery, such as symptomatic fistula (5.4%) and velopharyngeal insufficiency (5.3%). Speech outcomes in relation to intelligibility, hypernasality, and nasal emissions were satisfactory in 70 to 86% of patients. Dental arch relationships, as estimated by the 5-Year-Olds Index, were judged to be either good or excellent in 62% of those evaluated. A considerable proportion of patients (45%) who had otitis media with effusion experienced a spontaneous resolution without the use of tympanostomy tubes 2 to 8 months after their operation. We conclude that two-flap palatoplasty is an effective procedure that warrants further attention. We describe the surgical technique in detail. Our technique includes a modified intravelar veloplasty that incorporates near-total muscle retropositioning.

Chondromyxoid fibroma of the nasal cavity and palate

October 26, 2011     Brian Thomas, MD, Candice Black, DO, Tate Maddox, MD, and Giridhar Venkatraman, MD
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Abstract

We present an exceedingly rare case of chondromyxoid fibroma of the nasal cavity and palate. This rare tumor usually occurs in the metaphyses of the long bones. Our patient's tumor was diagnosed by biopsy, and it was resected en bloc. At the 2-year follow-up, the patient was doing well with no signs of recurrence. We review the pathologic characteristics, differential diagnosis, and treatment of chondromyxoid fibroma of the nasal cavity.

Cholesteatoma of the nose and maxillary and ethmoid sinuses: A rare complication of palatal surgery

September 20, 2011     Borlingegowda Viswanatha, MS, DLO
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Abstract

A 10-year-old boy presented with a complaint of a left-sided nasal obstruction with an associated foul-smelling discharge. Physical examination and anterior rhinoscopy revealed that a whitish, friable mass had completely filled the left nasal cavity. On computed tomography, a soft-tissue mass was seen filling the cavity and extending to the paranasal sinuses with bone erosion. A biopsy of the mass suggested that it represented a cholesteatoma. The lesion was removed via nasal endoscopy, and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of a cholesteatoma. No recurrence was noted during 6 months of follow-up. Cholesteatoma of the paranasal sinuses is a rare entity, as only a few dozen cases have been reported in the literature.

Schwannoma of the palatine tonsil

September 20, 2011     Neena Chaudhary, MS, Deepak Gupta, MS, and V. Natesh, MS
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Abstract

Schwannomas can originate in any peripheral, autonomic, or cranial nerve except the olfactory and optic nerves. Between 25 and 48% of all schwannomas have been reported to arise in the head and neck, with the acoustic nerve being the most common site of origin there. Schwannomas of the palatine tonsil are rare; as far as we know, only 6 such cases have been previously reported in the literature; 5 of these 6 occurred in adults and the other in an adolescent. We report a new case in a 42-year-old woman, which was diagnosed on the basis of histopathology.

Approach to benign tumors of the palate: Analysis of 28 cases

August 15, 2011     Ahmet Ural, MD, Murat Livaoğlu, MD, Devrim Bektaş, MD, Osman Bahadır, MD, Atilla Hesapçıoğlu, MD, Mehmet İmamoğlu, MD, and Abdülcemal Ümit Işık, MD
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Abstract

We conducted a retrospective analysis of 28 patients-15 men and 13 women, aged 17 to 71 years (mean: 41.6)-who had undergone surgery for the treatment of a benign tumor of the hard or soft palate. The most common chief complaint was a palatal mass, which was reported by 14 patients (50.0%). Tumors were more common in the hard palate than in the soft palate by a margin of 23 to 5 (82.1 to 17.9%; p = 0.001). The most common histopathologic diagnosis was pleomorphic adenoma, which occurred in 9 cases (32.1%). Most patients were treated with local excision with clear margins, which was sufficient in almost all cases, as there were only 2 recurrences, both of which occurred in men with a hard-palate pleomorphic adenoma. For these 2 patients, a wider excision and repair with palatal islet flaps was performed, and no further recurrence or malignant transformation was observed during follow-up. Two patients with a soft-palate hemangioma were treated with an intralesional steroid injection and radiofrequency ablation, which reduced the size of their lesion considerably.

Osteomyelitis of the hard palate secondary to actinomycosis: A case report

March 1, 2011     Rohit Garg, MD, Paul Schalch, MD, Jon-Paul Pepper, MD, and Quoc A. Nguyen, MD
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Abstract

Osteomyelitis of the hard palate is a rare and difficult-to-eradicate sequela of actinomycosis. In this case report, we illustrate the necessity of aggressive surgical management of actinomycotic infection of the hard palate. The patient was initially treated with multiple local debridements supplemented with oral and then parenteral antibiotics, but his disease progressively worsened. His condition eventually resolved only after a partial palatectomy was performed to remove all the necrotic bone, followed by a prolonged course of intravenous and oral antibiotic treatment.

Pyogenic granuloma of the hard palate: A case report and review of the literature

August 31, 2009     Jaimanti Bakshi, MS, DNB, Ramandeep Singh Virk, MS, FIMSA, and Mayuresh Verma, MS
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Abstract

We describe the case of a 35-year-old man who presented with a 4 x 4-cm ulcerated swelling over the hard palate that had progressed over 6 months. The lesion was associated with recurrent bleeding and occasional pain. Based on the lesion's clinical appearance and other characteristics (i.e., the slow progression, ulceration, and lack of regional lymphadenopathy), a provisional diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma was made, even though pyogenic granulomas of such size are rare. The mass was excised via a transoral route with a 0.5-cm margin of healthy mucosa, and the base was curetted. Histopathologic examination of the excised specimen confirmed the diagnosis. We discuss the etiopathogenesis of this entity and the various treatment options, and we review the relevant literature.

Palatal perforation from cocaine abuse

April 30, 2008     Marc Cohen, MD, Vishad Nabili, MD, and Dinesh K. Chhetri, MD
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