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Larynx

Isolated epiglottic lymphatic malformation in a 2-year-old: Diagnosis and treatment

September 19, 2016  |  Tate Naylor, BS; Anthony Sheyn, MD; Felicity Lenes-Voit, MD; Eric Berg, MD

Abstract

Airway obstruction in children has a wide differential diagnosis that includes laryngomalacia, infectious processes, paralysis, extrinsic compression, and other rare anatomic anomalies. Isolated laryngeal lymphatic malformations are rare developments that can manifest with...

Postoperative hypofunctioning of the thyroid gland after total laryngectomy

August 21, 2016  |  Sirshak Dutta, MS, DLO; Kaustuv Das Biswas, MS, DLO; Soumya Ghatak, MS; Dibakar Haldar, MD; Indranil Sen, MS; Ramanuj Sinha, MS, DNB

Abstract

Primary laryngeal carcinoma is a common cancer, predominantly affecting males. Hypothyroidism is an undesirable sequela of both surgery and radiotherapy, the two most commonly used modalities of treatment. For advanced cases, standard treatment protocol includes total...

Neuroendocrine tumors of the larynx

July 18, 2016  |  Lester D. Thompson, MD

The most common laryngeal neuroendocrine tumor is the atypical carcinoid (moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma), which is a malignant epithelial tumor showing neuroendocrine histologic and immunohistochemical features.

Patient preferences in early glottic cancer treatment

July 18, 2016  |  Michael L. McNeil, MD; Derek R. Wilke, MD, FRCP(C); S. Mark Taylor, MD, FRCS(C), FACS

Abstract

Patients with early-stage glottic cancer are primarily treated with one of three options: endoscopic laser excision, external-beam radiation, or open conservation surgery. We sought to determine patient preferences for treatment when presented with a choice between CO2 laser...

p53 codon 72 polymorphism and its overexpression in patients with laryngeal carcinoma: Prognostic implications

June 14, 2016  |  Gopika Kalsotra, MD; Ashok K. Gupta, MD; Rijuneeta Gupta, MD; Ritu Rathi, PhD; Rajender Prasad, PhD

Abstract

Abnormalities in the p53 gene are the most common genetic alterations seen in laryngeal carcinoma. No data exist regarding the association between laryngeal carcinoma and a distinct codon 72 variant and its expression. We conducted a prospective study (1) to analyze the p53...

Dietary consumption patterns and laryngeal cancer risk

June 14, 2016  |  Petros V. Vlastarakos, MD, MSc, PhD; Andrianna Vassileiou, MD, PhD; Evie Delicha, MSc; Dimitrios Kikidis, MD, MSc; Dimosthenis Protopapas, MD, PhD; Thomas P. Nikolopoulos, MD, DM, PhD

Abstract

We conducted a case-control study to investigate the effect of diet on laryngeal carcinogenesis. Our study population was made up of 140 participants-70 patients with laryngeal cancer (LC) and 70 controls with a non-neoplastic condition that was unrelated to diet, smoking, or...

Unconventional fix for an orocutaneous fistula

June 14, 2016  |  Laura Garcia-Rodriguez, MD; Rahil Dharia, BS; Cameron Heilbronn, MD; Tamer Ghanem, MD, PhD

Local risk factors for OCF and PCF secondary to total laryngectomy include infections, exposure of salivary fluids, and radiation.

Coexistent chronic myelogenous leukemia with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx associated with NOD2/CARD15 mutation in a young adult

June 14, 2016  |  Marcin Fraczek, MD; Agnieszka Stembalska, MD; Pawel Karpinski, MD; Tomasz Krecicki, MD

Abstract

We report the case of a 37-year-old man with human papillomavirus-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx coexisting with chronic myelogenous leukemia. The patient had no history of smoking or alcohol consumption. Within a few months, his rapidly growing tumor was...

Primary NK/T-cell lymphoma of the larynx: Report of 2 cases and review of the English-, Japanese-, and Chinese-language literature

April 30, 2016  |  Su-Yu Zhu, MD; Yuan Yuan, MD; Ke Liu, MD, MSc; Liang Zeng, MD, PhD; Ju-Mei Zhou, MD, PhD; Qiong-Hui Lu, MD; Zai-Jie Huang, MD

Abstract

Natural killer/T (NK/T) -cell lymphoma in the larynx is extremely rare, as only 29 cases have been previously reported in the English-language, Japanese-language, and Chinese-language literature. Its characteristics have never been systematically illustrated. We report 2 new...

Thymoma with an incidental benign laryngeal mass mimicking laryngeal carcinoma: Case report

February 24, 2016  |  Gokce Simsek, MD; Istemihan Akin, MD; Cem Saka, MD; Fulya Koybasioglu, MD

Abstract

Thymic carcinomas are rarely seen. Because of recurrent laryngeal nerve involvement, hoarseness is a common presenting symptom. Persistent hoarseness in a male smoker past his fifth decade is also a distinctive symptom for laryngeal carcinoma. Stroboscopic laryngeal examination...

Novel injection technique into the interarytenoid area to treat dysphagia

February 24, 2016  |  Meghan Brooking, DO; Amanda Hu, MD, FRCSC; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Augmentation of the interarytenoid space is a simple and innovative alternative to the traditional paraglottic space injection.

Laryngotracheal mucormycosis: Report of a case

January 22, 2016  |  Jillian Mattioni, DO; Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; David Carlson, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Abstract

Airway mucormycosis is a deadly opportunistic infection that affects immunocompromised persons, particularly diabetics and those undergoing chemotherapy. Although it is typically a pulmonary or sinonasal infection, mucormycosis can affect the larynx and trachea, with...

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