Esophagus

Three-dimensional computed tomography for detection and management of ingested foreign bodies

April 30, 2009     Rabia Shihada, MD, Moshe Goldsher, MD, Sliman Sbait, MD, and Michal Luntz, MD
article

Cervical esophagotomy for an impacted denture: A case report

March 1, 2009     Sardar Zakariya Imam, MD, Mubasher Ikram, FCPS, Saulat Fatimi, MD, and Moghira Iqbal, FCPS
article

Abstract

We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with an impacted denture and an impending esophageal perforation. Her family physician initially missed the diagnosis but during a subsequent visit reviewed her x-ray and was able to see the shadow of the denture's wire attachment in her esophagus. The patient was then referred to a tertiary care hospital, where esophagoscopy confirmed the location of the denture, but the surgeon there was unable to remove it. Eighteen days after she had swallowed her denture, she was referred to our hospital. Attempts at removal via rigid esophagoscopy were unsuccessful, but the denture was successfully removed via a cervical esophagotomy. A Gastrograffin swallow performed 1 week postsurgically showed no extravasation of the contrast medium, and subsequent follow-ups were unremarkable. We conclude that cervical esophagotomy is a safe method for removing foreign bodies impacted in the cervical esophagus when they cannot be removed endoscopically.

Aortoesophageal fistula: A case report

February 1, 2009     David Tighe, MBChB, Andy Wood, MB, and Savita Kale, MRCS(Eng)
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Abstract

Patients with impacted foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract present commonly to ENT clinics. This case report highlights two important issues in the management of these patients. First, if the evidence of esophageal perforation is strong and contrast swallow is negative, the physician must consider further imaging, such as contrast computed tomography. Second, ENT physicians must beware of the complications of esophageal trauma, including major vascular injury and aortoesophageal fistula, in patients with retained sharp foreign bodies in the mid-esophagus.

Acquired vascular compression of the esophagus

December 1, 2008     Adriana Hachiya, MD, Neil N. Chheda, MD, and Gregory N. Postma, MD
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Giant esophageal lymphangioma

August 31, 2008     Melanie W. Seybt, MD and Gregory N. Postma, MD
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Granular cell tumor of the esophagus presenting as a duplication cyst

March 1, 2008     Stacey L. Halum, MD and Charles Yates, MD
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Management of hypopharyngeal and esophageal perforations in children: Three case reports and a review of the literature

January 1, 2008     Eric D. Baum, MD, Lisa M. Elden, MD, Steven D. Handler, MD, and Lawrence W. C. Tom, MD
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Abstract

We report 2 cases of pediatric hypopharyngeal perforation that occurred during endoscopy and 1 case of esophageal perforation that developed during nasogastric tube insertion at a tertiary care academic medical center. These cases were identified during a retrospective chart review. All 3 patients were treated with intravenous antibiotics and nasogastric tube feedings, and none experienced further sequelae. Perforations of the hypopharynx and esophagus in children during endoscopy or insertion of endotracheal and nasogastric tubes are not uncommon. Many affected children can be managed conservatively without surgical drainage, depending on the cause and specific location of the perforation and the timing of the diagnosis. We discuss the clinical criteria for various management options, and we offer an algorithm that outlines important clinical considerations in the decision-making process. Our aim in presenting these cases is to increase awareness of the management options for children with hypopharyngeal and esophageal perforations and to demonstrate the effectiveness of nonsurgical management in selected cases.

Upper esophageal web

December 1, 2007     Catherine J. Rees, MD and Peter C. Belafsky, MD, PhD
article

Giant fibrovascular polyp of the esophagus

September 30, 2007     Catherine J. Rees, MD; Peter C. Belafsky, MD, PhD
article

A 56-year-old man was referred to the Center for Voice and Swallowing for management of a large upper esophageal mass. He complained of intermittent regurgitation of the mass and associated dyspnea.

Patulous lower esophageal sphincter

July 31, 2007     Catherine J. Rees, MD; Peter C. Belafsky, MD, PhD
article

A 46-year-old man presented to the Center for Voice and Swallowing with symptoms of globus, pyrosis, and solid-food dysphagia. Findings on transnasal esophagoscopy were normal except for the presence of a widely patulous lower esophageal sphincter (LES) .

Distal esophageal spasm

May 31, 2007     Catherine J. Rees, MD; Peter C. Belafsky, MD, PhD
article

Irreversible hydrocolloid: An unusual presentation of esophageal obstruction

March 1, 2007     Sihun Alex Kim, MD; Robert J. Meleca, MD
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