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Glottic myxoma presenting as chronic dysphonia: A case report and review of the literature

January 19, 2015  |  Christopher G. Tang, MD; Daniel L. Monin, MD; Balaram Puligandla, MD; Raul M. Cruz, MD


Myxomas of the vocal fold are rare benign tumors often presenting with chronic dysphonia and less frequently with airway obstruction. The current consensus is that all laryngeal myxomas should be totally excised with clear margins to prevent recurrences. The recommendation for...

A case of myoepithelioma mimicking a parotid cyst

January 19, 2015  |  Haldun Onuralp Kamburoglu, MD, FEBOPRAS; Aycan U. Kayikcioglu, MD; Cigdem Himmetoglu, MD


Myoepithelioma is an uncommon tumor of the myoepithelial cells that is considered to represent a distinct category of tumor by the World Health Organization. It accounts for less than 1% of all tumors that develop in the salivary glands. We describe the case of a 35-year-old...

Laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor

December 19, 2014  |  Fábio M. Girardi, MD, MSc; Ciro W. Fontana, MD; Ricardo G. Kroef, MD; Marinez B. Barra, MD; Felipe O. Detanico, MD; Nilton T. Herter, MD

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor seldom involves the larynx, as only about 50 to 60 cases have been described in the literature. Even though these tumors are often not aggressive, they have the potential for invasion and local recurrence. We describe the case of a 27-year-old man who was...

Submental nodular fasciitis: Report of an unusual case

October 18, 2014  |  Jiun Fong Thong, MRCS(Eng); Tiong Yong Tan, FRCR(UK); Shi Wang, FRCPA(UK); Paul Mok, FRCS(Glasg); David Loke, FRCS(Edin)


A 30-year-old woman presented for evaluation of a hard, enlarging, submental mass that was fixed to the underlying mandible. Fine-needle aspiration cytology initially led to a diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma, which was unusual given the superficial location of the lesion on...

Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath in the external auditory canal

October 18, 2014  |  Margherita Trani, MD; Massimo Zanni, MD; Paolo Gambelli, MD


Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis belong to the same type of benign proliferative lesions originating in the synovia that usually affect the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths. They frequently involve the hands, knees, ankles,...

Paragangliomas of the head and neck: Imaging assessment

August 28, 2014  |  Alejandro Zuluaga, MD; Daniel Ocazionez, MD; Roy Riascos, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD; Carlos S. Restrepo, MD


Paragangliomas are uncommon tumors that arise from the parasympathetic neuroectodermal ganglionic cells and have been described in numerous anatomic locations, most commonly in the abdomen. Head and neck paragangliomas are classified into carotid body (most common), vagal, and...

Angiolipoleiomyoma located in the earlobe

July 14, 2014  |  Sirin Yasar, MD; Zehra Asiran Serdar, MD; Fatih Goktay, MD; Burcu Barutcugil, MD; Selvinaz Ozkara, MD; Pelin Demirturk, MD


Angiolipoleiomyoma (ALLM) is a solid tumor that is mostly derived from muscle tissue. It is often located in the kidneys of patients with tuberous sclerosis; ALLMs located outside the kidneys are very rare. Among the rare presentations are cutaneous ALLMs, which manifest as 1-...

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor metastatic to the thyroid: A case report and review of the literature

June 9, 2014  |  Ricardo R. Lastra, MD; Jason G. Newman, MD; John S. Brooks, MD; Jui-Han Huang, MD, PhD


Ossifying fibromyxoid tumors are rare soft-tissue neoplasms, usually with an indolent course. However, atypical/malignant variants have been described, showing either local recurrence after complete excision or metastasis to the lungs, mediastinum, adrenals, or soft tissue. We...

Metastatic ovarian sex-cord stromal tumor with annular tubules in a patient without Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

June 9, 2014  |  Kimi Dart, DO; Ted Schwartzenfeld, DO; Warren Brandes, DO; Anthony D'Errico, DO; Michael Stender, MD


Sex-cord stromal tumors (SCSTs) with annular tubules (SCTATs) are a small class of ovarian lesions that possess histologic features of both Sertoli and granulosa cells. Approximately one-third of patients with SCTAT also have Peutz-Jaghers syndreome, which makes these cases...

Endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for craniopharyngioma: Report of 6 cases

May 8, 2014  |  Chan-Soon Park, MD; Byung-Guk Kim, MD; Ji-Hyeon Shin, MD; Jin-Hee Cho, MD


We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate outcomes in patients with a craniopharyngioma who were managed via a transnasal transsphenoidal approach. Craniopharyngiomas exhibit histologically benign but “clinically malignant” features. Our study group was made up of 5...

Tympanic paraganglioma

May 8, 2014  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Patients classically present with pulsatile tinnitus and a red mass medial to the tympanic membrane. Some patients may have findings of a red mass that blanches with pneumatic otoscopy, called Brown's sign.

The role of contact endoscopy in screening for premalignant laryngeal lesions: A study of 141 patients

May 8, 2014  |  Marisa Klancnik, MD; Ivo Gluncic, MD, PhD; Drasko Cikojevic, MD, PhD


At their earliest stage, pathologic lesions of the laryngeal epithelium are macroscopically invisible. Ideally, these lesions should be detected before their clinical manifestations appear so that prompt management can be initiated. However, most diagnostic modalities are...


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