Surgery

Endoscopic modified Lothrop approach for the excision of bilateral frontal sinus tumors

March 18, 2014     Jiun Fong Thong, MRCS; Deyali Chatterjee, MD; Siew Yoong Hwang, FRCS
article

Abstract

We describe the use of an endoscopic modified Lothrop approach for clearance of an extensive sinonasal-type hemangiopericytoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses with bilateral frontal sinus involvement in a 44-year-old woman. The modified Lothrop approach is conventionally used to treat sinusitis, but with some slight modifications to the technique, it can also be used for tumor excision.

Schwannoma of the nasal septum: An unusual finding

March 18, 2014     Shruti Dhingra, MS, DNB; Jaimanti Bakshi, MS, DNB; Satyawati Mohindra, MS, DNB
article

Abstract

Schwannomas of the nasal cavity are rare benign tumors, and those that arise from the nasal septum are even rarer. When they do occur, they usually become symptomatic early because of the close confines of the nasal cavity. We describe a case of nasal septal schwannoma that was noteworthy in that the patient-a 28-year-old woman-waited 8 months after the onset of symptoms to seek medical care. Her symptoms included complete right-sided nasal obstruction, occasional epistaxis, and hemifacial pain. The tumor was completely removed via an endoscopic approach. We discuss the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and treatment of this rarely encountered neoplasm.

Endoscopic view of sphenoid sinus illumination and transillumination

February 12, 2014     Ken Yanagisawa, MD, FACS; Dewey A. Christmas, MD; Joseph P. Mirante, MD, FACS; and Eiji Yanagisawa, MD, FACS
article

The sphenoid sinus has been considered a more challenging sinus to view with the lighted guide wire; unlike the other three paranasal sinuses, the sphenoid sinus is “hidden” from view because of its more posterior location.

Accessory parotid malignancy requiring ductal transection

February 12, 2014     Avery Kaplan; Alex Fernandez, MS; and Ryan Osborne, MD, FACS
article

While malignancies of the accessory parotid gland are rare, when they do occur they jeopardize ductal integrity.

Endoscopic view of a biodegradable middle meatal spacer

January 21, 2014     Joseph P. Mirante, MD, FACS; Dewey A. Christmas, MD; Eiji Yanagisawa, MD, FACS
article

Middle meatal spacers have included simple packing of the middle meatus for several days in the postoperative period, as well as insertion of various preformed splints.

Severe symptomatic hypocalcemia following total thyroidectomy in a patient with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

January 21, 2014     Justin A. Gross, MD; Steven M. Olsen, MD; Cody A. Koch, MD, PhD; Eric J. Moore, MD
article

Abstract

Patients who undergo a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure are at moderate risk for calcium and vitamin D deficiency. Those who subsequently undergo thyroid or parathyroid surgery are at high risk for developing severe symptomatic hypocalcemia if they are not monitored and adequately treated prophylactically. We describe the case of a morbidly obese 40-year-old man who had undergone RYGB surgery 6 months prior to the discovery of metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. He subsequently underwent total thyroidectomy with central and bilateral neck dissection. Following surgery, he developed severe symptomatic hypocalcemia, as his calcium level fell to a nadir of 6.0 mg/dl. He required aggressive oral and intravenous repletion therapy with calcium, vitamin D, and magnesium for 10 days before hospital discharge. Providers should institute careful preoperative screening, patient counseling, and prophylactic calcium and vitamin D therapy for all thyroid surgery patients who have previously undergone RYGB surgery to prevent the development of severe and life-threatening hypocalcemia. Only a few reports of patients have been published on the dangers of thyroid and parathyroid surgery in patients who have undergone bariatric surgery. We report a new case to add to the body of literature on this patient population. We also review calcium homeostasis and supplementation as they relate to this situation.

Angioleiomyoma on the dorsum of the nose excised via an open rhinoplasty approach

December 20, 2013     Philip W. Stather, MBChB; Zuhair O. Kirresh, FRCS; Paul N. Jervis, FRCS
article

Abstract

We describe what we believe is the first reported case of an angioleiomyoma on the dorsum of the nose. The patient was a 65-year-old woman who presented with a year-long history of an intermittently recurrent lump on the right side of the dorsum. The lesion was removed via an open rhinoplasty approach. Histologic examination identified it as an angioleiomyoma.

Endoscopic view of the sphenoid sinus seen through the posterior ethmoid sinus

October 23, 2013     Joseph P. Mirante, MD, FACS; Dewey A. Christmas, MD; Eiji Yanagisawa, MD, FACS
article

Care must be taken when entering the sphenoid sinus, to dissect inferiorly and medially to avoid injury to the vital structures of the lateral wall of the sphenoid sinus.

Endoscopic appearance of a healed skull base resection reconstructed with a pedicled nasoseptal flap

October 23, 2013     Hadia M. Leon, MD; Mark H. Tabor, MD
article

Expanded endonasal approaches to the skull base are becoming more common, and closure of CSF leaks with reliable separation of the sinonasal tract from the cranial cavity is critical to a successful outcome.

Post-thyroidectomy early serum ionic calcium level: Predictor of prolonged hypocalcemia

August 21, 2013     Sanjana V. Nemade, MS, FCPS(ENT) and Atul P. Chirmade, MS
article

Abstract

One of the more common complications of thyroid surgery is postoperative hypocalcemia, which is potentially serious. Its clinical manifestations range from minimal twitching to life-threatening tetany. Affected patients might require a prolonged hospital stay and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D. In cases of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia, it is not always easy to predict which patients will require close monitoring of serum calcium levels. We conducted a study to determine whether early (<24 hr) measurement of serum ionic calcium (SiCa) levels can predict the development of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 150 adults (144 women and 6 men) who had undergone total or partial thyroidectomy, and we identified 42 patients (all women) who had either transient (<1 mo; n = 27) or prolonged (1 to 6 mo; n = 15) temporary hypocalcemia. We found that the patients who turned out to have prolonged hypocalcemia had significantly lower early levels of SiCa than did the patients who later developed only transient hypocalcemia (p = 0.000002). Also, patients with prolonged hypocalcemia had a significantly higher incidence of serious sequelae, including carpopedal spasms and signs of tetany. We conclude that early measurement of SiCa is a reliable predictor of prolonged temporary hypocalcemia following total or partial thyroidectomy.

Thiersch skin grafting in otologic surgery

August 21, 2013     Helen Xu, MD; Natasha Pollak, MD, MS; and Michael M. Paparella, MD
article

Abstract

Thiersch skin grafting is an old but highly effective surgical technique in otology. We frequently place a Thiersch graft after otologic procedures that either create a mastoid cavity or result in reduced skin coverage of a portion of the external auditory canal. The purpose of this article is to introduce this surgical technique to a new generation of otologists. We discuss its indications, the surgical technique, tips for a successful outcome, and postoperative care. A key to successful skin grafting is to perform the procedure about 10 days after the primary procedure to allow sufficient time for the formation of an adequate vascular bed at the recipient site. The goal in all cases is to achieve a safe, dry ear that is covered with keratinizing squamous epithelium. Thiersch grafting accomplishes this very well.

Comparison of complication rates associated with stapling and traditional suture closure after total laryngectomy for advanced cancer

August 21, 2013     Brett A. Miles, DDS, MD; Deborah Larrison, MD; and Larry L. Myers, MD
article

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective, matched-cohort, case-control study to compare complication rates associated with two wound closure procedures-stapling vs. traditional hand suturing-following total laryngectomy. Our study population was made up of 42 consecutively presenting patients-38 men and 4 women, aged 34 to 92 years (mean: 60.3) whose pharyngotomies were amenable to primary closure. Of this group, 37 patients had active endolaryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 2 patients had inactive endolaryngeal SCC, 2 patients had thyroid cancer, and 1 patient had been treated for chronic aspiration. A total of 26 patients (61.9%) had undergone traditional suture closure of the neopharynx (suture group) and 16 patients (38.1%) had undergone closure with a linear stapling device (staple group). Other than the fact that the patients in the staple group were significantly older than those in the suture group (median: 71.0 vs. 56.5 yr, p = 0.002), there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of comorbidities or cricopharyngeal myotomy, tracheoesophageal puncture, or neck dissection. There was a total of 8 postoperative infections-5 in the staple group (31.3%) and 3 in the suture group (11.5%)-not a statistically significant difference. Fistulas occurred in 4 staple patients (25.0%) and 6 suture patients (23.1%)-again, not statistically significant. We conclude that in appropriately selected patients, primary closure of the neopharynx can be safely and effectively achieved with a linear stapling device.

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