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Infection

Chromobacterium violaceum necrotizing fasciitis: A case report and review of the literature

November 1, 2012  |  Jonathan K. Seigel, MD; Michael E. Stadler, MD; Jennifer L. Lombrano, DDS; Jeffrey S. Almony, MD, DDS; Marion E. Couch, MD, PhD; and Thomas H. Belhorn, MD, PhD

Abstract

Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe, rapidly progressive infection of the subcutaneous tissue that causes significant destruction. It is rarely encountered in the pediatric population. We describe the case of a 14-year-old boy who was diagnosed with Chromobacterium...

Otogenic pneumocephalus as a complication of multiple myeloma

September 7, 2012  |  Melissa J. Maguire, MD; Uma Nath, MD; Guiseppe E. Bignardi, MD

Abstract

We report a case of otogenic pneumocephalus in an 80-year-old woman with multiple myeloma. The pneumocephalus was associated with Haemophilus influenzae otitis media and reactive meningitis in the absence of an intracranial...

Endoscopic view of secretion transport in the maxillary sinus following a long-term inferior meatal antrostomy

August 10, 2012  |  Dewey A. Christmas, MD; Joseph P. Mirante, MD, FACS; Eiji Yanagisawa, MD, FACS

It is important to remove any obstruction of the natural ostium of the maxillary sinus or the ethmoid infundibulum because maxillary sinus secretions will be transported toward the natural ostium even when a previously placed large and patent inferior meatal antrostomy is present.

Staphylococcus aureus cavernous sinus thrombosis mimicking complicated fungal sinusitis

July 5, 2012  |  Murat Songu, MD; Nazan Can, MD; Kazim Onal, MD; Secil Arslanoglu, MD; Nezahat Erdogan, MD; Aylin Kopar, MD; Ejder Ciger, MD

Abstract

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of infections involving the paranasal sinuses or the middle one-third of the face. We report a challenging case of cavernous sinus thrombosis...

Acute candidal pharyngolaryngitis

July 5, 2012  |  Andrew Mallon, DO; Rima A. DeFatta, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Use of inhaled steroids has been identified as a risk factor for the development of laryngeal candidiasis. Therefore, if dysphonia, cough, and general laryngeal irritation occur in a patient using inhaled steroids, the possibility of laryngeal candidiasis should be considered.

Mycoplasma an unlikely cause of bullous myringitis

June 4, 2012  |  Lisa Cramer, BA; Dina M. Emara, MBBCh; Arun K. Gadre, MD, FACS

Despite common belief, Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an extremely rare causative agent for bullous myringitis. Instead, it is caused by the same organisms responsible for acute otitis media.

A case of a giant submandibular gland calculus perforating the floor of the mouth

June 4, 2012  |  Raffaele Rauso, MD; Giulio Gherardini, MD, PhD; Paolo Biondi, MD; Gianpaolo Tartaro, MD; Giuseppe Colella, MD, DDS

Abstract

Sialolithiasis is characterized by the obstruction of salivary gland secretion by a calculus. It is associated with swelling, pain, and infection of the affected gland. More than 80% of all salivary calculi occur in the...

Spectrum of paranasal sinus mycoses in coastal India

June 4, 2012  |  Jyoti R. Kini, MD; Spoorthy S. Shetty, MBBS; Hema Kini, MD

Abstract

Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses are uncommon, and the disease they cause can be identified from their histopathologic appearance. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of fungal infection and histopathologic changes...

Huge middle ear adenoma with delayed facial nerve paralysis

June 4, 2012  |  Seung Ho Lee, MD; Hoseok Choi, MD, PhD; Young Chae Chu, MD; Young Hyo Kim, MD; Kyu-Sung Kim, MD, PhD

Abstract

Middle ear adenoma is a rare disease that arises from the mucosa of the middle ear. Only a few cases of associated facial nerve paralysis have been reported. Facial nerve involvement is most likely related to nerve compression rather than tumor invasion of...

Streptococcus milleri head and neck abscesses: A case series

June 4, 2012  |  Christopher Robert Foxton, MA(Oxon); Smariti Kapila, MBBS; Justin Kong, MBBS; Neil John Thomson, FRACS

Abstract

Streptococcus milleri infections and abscesses in the head and neck region have been previously reported, but there is still a dearth of clinical literature on this topic. To add to the available reports and to promote a better understanding and...

Mycobacterial tuberculosis superimposed on a Warthin tumor

May 1, 2012  |  Kang-Chao Wu, MD; Bo-Nien Chen, MD

Abstract

The concomitant occurrence of tuberculosis infection within a Warthin tumor is extremely rare, as only 6 cases have been previously reported in the English-language literature. We report a new case in a 92-year-old man, who presented with a 20-year history of a painless...

Otomycosis in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients: Comparative study and literature review

March 1, 2012  |  Borlingegowda Viswanatha, MS, DLO, Dadarao Sumatha, MBBS, and Maliyappanahalli Siddappa Vijayashree, MBBS, MS

Abstract

A comparative clinical study was carried out that included 50 cases of otomycosis in immunocompetent patients and 50 cases of otomycosis in immunocompromised patients. Clinical presentation, predisposing factors, mycologic profile, and treatment outcomes were compared. ...

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