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Infection

Painful rash of the auricle: Herpes zoster oticus

December 19, 2014  |  Chao-Yin Kuo, MD; Yuan-Yung Lin, MD; Chih-Hung Wang, MD, PhD

A PCR assay in addition to conventional serologic testing provides quick confirmation of the diagnosis of herpes zoster oticus infection.

Laryngotracheal mucormycosis: Report of a case

January 22, 2016  |  Jillian Mattioni, DO; Joel E. Portnoy, MD; Jaime Eaglin Moore, MD; David Carlson, DO; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS

Abstract

Airway mucormycosis is a deadly opportunistic infection that affects immunocompromised persons, particularly diabetics and those undergoing chemotherapy. Although it is typically a pulmonary or sinonasal infection, mucormycosis can affect the larynx and trachea, with...

Nasal myiasis: A case report

July 21, 2015  |  Zrria L. White, MD; Michael W. Chu, MD; Richard J. Hood, MD

Abstract

Nasal myiasis is a rare condition, with only a few reported cases and no treatment consensus. We propose a conservative treatment approach with saline irrigation and debridement. Two patients in the ICU of Norfolk General Hospital, a tertiary academic referral center, presented...

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis as a complication of acute epiglottitis managed with minimally aggressive surgical intervention: Case report

July 21, 2015  |  Rajesh Babu Gollapalli, MBBS, MS(ENT), DORL; Ana Nusa Naiman, FRACS; David Merry, FRACS

Abstract

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis secondary to epiglottitis is rare. The standard treatment of this severe condition has long been early and aggressive surgical debridement and adequate antimicrobial therapy. We report the case of an immunocompetent 59-year-old man who developed...

Maggot infestation of an ulcerated neck wound

June 5, 2015  |  Sidharth V. Puram, MD, PhD; Margaret S. Carter, MD; Daniel Deschler, MD, FACS

The presence of maggots was hardly deliberate in this case, but these larvae successfully debrided a locally recurrent necrotic lymph node.

Potentially lethal pharyngolaryngeal edema with dyspnea in adult patients with mumps: A series of 5 cases

April 28, 2015  |  Masafumi Ohki, MD; Yuka Baba, MD; Shigeru Kikuchi, PhD; Atsushi Ohata, PhD; Takeshi Tsutsumi, PhD; Sunao Tanaka, MD; Atsushi Tahara, MD; Shinji Urata, MD; Junichi Ishikawa, MD

Abstract

In this article we describe 5 rare cases of mumps-associated pharyngolaryngeal edema. To the best of our knowledge, this report includes the first case of mumps-associated pharyngolaryngeal edema in a patient who had previously received mumps vaccination, and these cases...

Conidiobolus coronatus granuloma of the right inferior turbinate: A rare presentation

April 28, 2015  |  Saurabh Varshney, MBBS, MS; Pratima Gupta, MBBS, MD; Sampan Singh Bist, MBBS, MS; Sanjeev Bhagat, MBBS, MS

Abstract

Fungal infections are common in tropical countries such as India. Very few clinical cases caused by the Entomophthorales Zygomycetes have been reported. Rhinofacial infection is a rare form of zygomycosis in humans, and only limited information regarding optimal treatment is...

Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint caused by Aspergillus flavus infection as a complication of otitis externa

March 2, 2015  |  Lalee Varghese, MS, DLO, DNB; Rabin Chacko, MDS, FDS, FCPS; George M. Varghese, MD, DNB, DTMH; Anand Job, MS, DLO, MNAMS

Abstract

Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a very rare complication of otitis externa that can lead to ankylosis and destruction of the joint. We report the case of a 74-year-old man who developed aspergillosis of the TMJ following otitis externa. To the best of...

Necrotizing tonsillitis caused by group C beta-hemolytic streptococci

March 2, 2015  |  Jassem M. Bastaki, DMD, MPH

Abstract

Tonsillitis and pharyngitis are among the most common infections in the head and neck. Viral tonsillitis is usually caused by enterovirus, influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, rhinovirus and Epstein-Barr virus (causing infectious mononucleosis). Acute bacterial tonsillitis is...

Mucormycosis (Mucor fungus ball) of the maxillary sinus

October 18, 2014  |  Hang Sun Cho, MD; Hoon Shik Yang, MD, PhD; Kyung Soo Kim, MD, PhD

Abstract

A fungus ball is an extramucosal fungal proliferation that completely fills one or more paranasal sinuses and usually occurs as a unilateral infection. It is mainly caused by Aspergillus spp in an immunocompetent host, but some cases of paranasal fungal balls reportedly...

Primary laryngeal tuberculosis: An unusual cause of hoarseness

October 18, 2014  |  Peter Fsadni, MD, MRCP(UK); Claudia Fsadni, MD, MRCP(UK), MSc(Lond); Brendan Caruana Montaldo, MD, FACP

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) of the larynx is usually associated with concomitant pulmonary TB, but approximately 20% of cases represent primary disease. We report the case of an 85-year-old woman with asthma who presented with a 6-month history of persistent hoarseness. Bronchoscopy...

A rare occurrence of a fungus ball in the sphenoethmoid recess

October 18, 2014  |  Jae-Hoon Lee, MD; Ha-Min Jeong, MD

A fungus ball usually appears as a calcification within the sinus, suggesting the presence of a foreign body.

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