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Hearing Loss

Hearing loss secondary to a nasopharyngeal retention cyst

November 1, 2012  |  Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Michael Ellis, MD; Harold Neitzschman, MD, FACR

Resection is generally not indicated for small, asymptomatic pharyngeal cysts. Symptomatic cysts, on the other hand, can be treated with aspiration or a complete transoral resection, particularly if the lesion is large.

Cholesterol granuloma

October 8, 2012  |  Joseph A. Ursick, MD; Derald E. Brackmann, MD

 Cholesterol granulomas can cause bony expansion and typically become symptomatic when they encroach upon adjacent cranial nerves.

Bilateral posterior semicircular canal dehiscence in the setting of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome

September 7, 2012  |  John C. Goddard, MD; Eric R. Oliver, MD; Ted A. Meyer, MD, PhD


Hallermann-Streiff syndrome, also known as oculomandibulofacial syndrome, is a rare congenital disorder affecting growth and cranial, dental, ocular, pilocutaneous, and mental development. In addition to routine audiologic testing in patients with...

Bilateral hemotympanum secondary to septoplasty

September 7, 2012  |  Jae Hoon Lee, MD

Hemotympanum can be caused by temporal bone fractures, barotrauma, administration of anticoagulants, hematologic disorders, and chronic otitis media secondary to the formation of granulation tissue or a cholesterol granuloma. It can also occur secondary to nasal packing or...

Intradermal melanocytic nevus of the external auditory canal

August 10, 2012  |  Kai-Chieh Chan, MD; Chi-Ju Yeh, MD; Wan-Ling Ho, MD

Intradermal melanocytic nevi are usually asymptomatic, but a patient with such a lesion in the external auditory canal can present with aural obstruction and conductive deafness.

Prediction of stapes footplate thickness based on the level of hearing loss in otosclerosis

August 10, 2012  |  Hadi Samimi-Ardestani, MD; Mohammadtaghi Khorsandi-Ashtiani, MD; Elmira Ghoujeghi, MD; Mohsen Rajati, MD; Mahtab Rabbani-Anari, MD; Aman Ghoujeghi, MD


During surgical treatment of a patient with otosclerosis, the probability of success depends in large part on the extent of the surgeon’s experience. Therefore, predicting the preoperative severity of disease may help determine the choice of surgeon based on...

Primary acquired cholesteatoma

May 1, 2012  |  Joseph A. Ursick, MD; Jose N. Fayad, MD

Cholesteatomas are believed to form as the result of poor eustachian tube function with resultant tympanic membrane retraction and a lack of normal epithelial migration.

The burden of hearing loss in Kaduna, Nigeria: A 4-year study at the National Ear Care Centre

April 1, 2012  |  Aliyu M. Kodiya, FWACS, Olushola A. Afolabi, FWACS, and Babagana M. Ahmad, FWACS, FICS


Hearing loss among people in developing countries has been recognized as a major source of disability. Many of its causes are preventable, and others are curable. We reviewed the records of 5,485 patients who had presented during a 4-year period to the National Ear Care Centre...

Otoscopic findings in otosclerosis

April 1, 2012  |  John C. Goddard, MD and Jose N. Fayad, MD

Only 10% of patients with otosclerosis exhibit the reddish hue of the Schwartze sign. It is believed to appear because of increased vascularity over the promontory in the middle ear.

Idiopathic bilateral auricular petrification

April 1, 2012  |  Karl J. Alsey, MbChB, MRCS, Simon R. Freeman, MBChB, FRCS, and Ajay Nigam, MBBS, FRCS


Auricular petrification is a rare diagnosis and presents an interesting therapeutic challenge. Fewer than 160 cases have been reported in the literature since the first description by Bochdalek in 1866. The most common etiology is ectopic calcification. It may also result from...

Is there a need for audiologic evaluation in patients with Behçet disease?

March 1, 2012  |  Saniye Cinar, MD, Fikret Cinar, MD, and Sibel Kiran, MD, PhD

Abstract. Behçet disease is known to be a multisystem condition. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence of hearing loss in patients with Behçet disease and to identify any associations between audiologic findings and other clinical manifestations and treatment. Our study group was made...

Folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma of the external auditory canal in an adult

February 18, 2012  |  Fabiana Pirani Carneiro, MD, Leonora Maciel de Souza Vianna, MD, Aline Marques dos Santos, MD, Igor Teixeira Raymundo, MD, and Ana Emília Borges de Azevedo, MD


Folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma (FSCH) is a cutaneous hamartoma of pilosebaceous origin that usually occurs on the face. We present what we believe is only the second reported case of FSCH of the external auditory canal, and the first in an adult. The patient was a 59-year-...


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