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Hearing Loss

Vestibular dehiscence syndrome caused by a labyrinthine congenital cholesteatoma

February 2, 2015  |  Francesco Fiorino, MD; Francesca B. Pizzini, MD, PhD; Barbara Mattellini, MD; Franco Barbieri, MD

Abstract

A 40-year-old man presented with conductive hearing loss and pressure- and sound-related vestibular symptoms. Computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of a cholesteatoma involving the vestibular labyrinth. The patient underwent...

Osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone

January 19, 2015  |  Edmund W. Lee, BA; Robert W. Jyung, MD

The pathogenesis of osteoradionecrosis is not completely understood, but it has been thought that radiation causes tissues to become hypoxic, hypovascular, and hypocellular, leading to tissue breakdown and a nonhealing wound.

Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath in the external auditory canal

October 18, 2014  |  Margherita Trani, MD; Massimo Zanni, MD; Paolo Gambelli, MD

Abstract

Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis belong to the same type of benign proliferative lesions originating in the synovia that usually affect the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths. They frequently involve the hands, knees, ankles,...

Laterality of sudden sensorineural hearing loss

August 28, 2014  |  Michael Reiss, MD; Gilfe Reiss, MD

Abstract

It is known that sudden sensorineural hearing loss and other otoneurologic diseases, such as tinnitus or Ménière disease, occur more frequently in the left ear than in the right. We studied lateralization of sudden deafness in 489 patients treated at Radebeul Hospital from...

Tympanic membrane perforation with squamous epithelial ingrowth

August 28, 2014  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Alejandro Vazquez, MD; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

The squamous epithelium of the tympanic membrane and external auditory canal exhibits an inherent migration pattern to facilitate the exfoliation of keratinizing squamous cells as part of a natural cleansing mechanism.

Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss

June 9, 2014  |  Dennis J. Kitsko, DO, FACS, FAOCO

Children with hearing loss should avoid noise exposure, and families should be counseled to protect their child's hearing environment and to educate their children about the long-term need to avoid excessive noise exposure.

Tympanic paraganglioma

May 8, 2014  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Patients classically present with pulsatile tinnitus and a red mass medial to the tympanic membrane. Some patients may have findings of a red mass that blanches with pneumatic otoscopy, called Brown's sign.

Evaluating occupational hearing loss: The value of the AMA's Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment

May 8, 2014  |  Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS, Editor-in-Chief

As scientific knowledge and methodology expand and our knowledge base grows, it is essential for physicians and scientists to incorporate new knowledge and allow our practices to evolve.

Implants in otology

March 19, 2014  |  Barry E. Hirsch, MD

Progress in technology facilitates progress in patient care.

Delayed recovery of speech discrimination after fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for vestibular schwannoma in neurofibromatosis 2

February 12, 2014  |  Michael Hoa, MD; Eric P. Wilkinson, MD; and William H. Slattery III, MD

Abstract

Hearing loss commonly occurs after radiation therapy for an acoustic neuroma, and it is highly unusual for hearing to return after a prolonged period of time. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis 2 who underwent fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy...

Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and facial nerve paralysis associated with low-voltage electrical shock

February 12, 2014  |  Mahmut Ozkiris;, MD

Abstract

Electrical injuries can occur as a result of contact with low- or high-voltage electricity. Low-voltage injuries are more common, as they usually occur in the home, but reports in the literature are few. After exposure to electric current, almost every organ system in the body...

Temporal bone fracture

January 21, 2014  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Transverse fractures account for approximately 20% of temporal bone fractures. They occur secondary to frontal or occipital head trauma, and they run perpendicular to the petrous pyramid.

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