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Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss after ossicular manipulation and drill- generated acoustic trauma in type I tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy: A series of 51 cases

September 21, 2015  |  K. Cagdas Kazikdas, MD; Kazim Onal, MD; Nadir Yildirim, MD


Recognized causes of high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy include acoustic trauma from manipulation of the ossicles, the noise generated by suctioning and, in the case of mastoidectomy, the noise generated by...

Erosion of the incus by the chorda tympani nerve from a complex retraction pocket

September 21, 2015  |  Ramanan Daniel, MBBS; Fiona Hill, MBBS; Timothy Price, FRCS(OHNS)

Chronic eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to retraction of the tympanic membrane and bone erosion.

Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions testing in neonates treated with an aminoglycoside in a neonatal intensive care unit

April 28, 2015  |  Iosif Vital, MD; George Psillas, MD; Nikolaos Nikolaides, MD; George Kekes, MD; Stavros Hatzopoulos, MD; John Constantinidis, MD


We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing. Our study population was made up of 164 newborns who were divided into three...

Cochlear implantation leading to successful stapedectomy in the contralateral only-hearing ear

March 2, 2015  |  Samantha J. Mikals, MD; Gerald I. Schuchman, PhD; Joshua G.W. Bernstein, PhD; Arnaldo L. Rivera, MD


Cochlear implants have recently begun to be offered to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Implantation in these patients has led to good results in suppressing ipsilateral tinnitus and in providing audiologic benefits in terms of speech perception in noise and...

Progression of autoimmune inner ear disease to labyrinthitis ossificans: Clinical and radiologic correlation

March 2, 2015  |  Jenn Nee Khoo, FRCR; Tiong Yong Tan, FRCR


We report the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with fluctuating bilateral sensorineural hearing loss that subsequently progressed to a complete hearing loss, and we describe the correlation between the clinical and radiologic features of this case. To the best of our...

Vestibular dehiscence syndrome caused by a labyrinthine congenital cholesteatoma

February 2, 2015  |  Francesco Fiorino, MD; Francesca B. Pizzini, MD, PhD; Barbara Mattellini, MD; Franco Barbieri, MD


A 40-year-old man presented with conductive hearing loss and pressure- and sound-related vestibular symptoms. Computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of a cholesteatoma involving the vestibular labyrinth. The patient underwent...

Osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone

January 19, 2015  |  Edmund W. Lee, BA; Robert W. Jyung, MD

The pathogenesis of osteoradionecrosis is not completely understood, but it has been thought that radiation causes tissues to become hypoxic, hypovascular, and hypocellular, leading to tissue breakdown and a nonhealing wound.

Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath in the external auditory canal

October 18, 2014  |  Margherita Trani, MD; Massimo Zanni, MD; Paolo Gambelli, MD


Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis belong to the same type of benign proliferative lesions originating in the synovia that usually affect the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths. They frequently involve the hands, knees, ankles,...

Tympanic membrane perforation with squamous epithelial ingrowth

August 28, 2014  |  Danielle M. Blake, BA; Alejandro Vazquez, MD; Senja Tomovic, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

The squamous epithelium of the tympanic membrane and external auditory canal exhibits an inherent migration pattern to facilitate the exfoliation of keratinizing squamous cells as part of a natural cleansing mechanism.

Laterality of sudden sensorineural hearing loss

August 28, 2014  |  Michael Reiss, MD; Gilfe Reiss, MD


It is known that sudden sensorineural hearing loss and other otoneurologic diseases, such as tinnitus or Ménière disease, occur more frequently in the left ear than in the right. We studied lateralization of sudden deafness in 489 patients treated at Radebeul Hospital from...

Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss

June 9, 2014  |  Dennis J. Kitsko, DO, FACS, FAOCO

Children with hearing loss should avoid noise exposure, and families should be counseled to protect their child's hearing environment and to educate their children about the long-term need to avoid excessive noise exposure.

Evaluating occupational hearing loss: The value of the AMA's Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment

May 8, 2014  |  Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA, FACS, Editor-in-Chief

As scientific knowledge and methodology expand and our knowledge base grows, it is essential for physicians and scientists to incorporate new knowledge and allow our practices to evolve.


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