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Hearing Loss

A rare cause of conductive hearing loss: High lateralized jugular bulb with bony dehiscence

June 14, 2016  |  James G. Barr, MRCS(ENT), BSc, BM; Pranay K. Singh, MD, FRCS, (ORL-HNS)

Abstract

We present a rare case of pediatric conductive hearing loss due to a high lateralized jugular bulb. An 8-year-old boy with a right-sided conductive hearing loss of 40 dB was found to have a pink bulge toward the inferior part of the right eardrum. Computed tomography showed a...

Sympathetic hearing loss: A review of current understanding and report of 2 cases

April 30, 2016  |  Patrick F. Morgan, MD; Peter G. Volsky, MD; Barry Strasnick, MD, FACS

Abstract

Sympathetic hearing loss (SHL) is a rare complication that appears to occur when the immune system is primed against sequestered inner ear antigens. SHL has been implicated in delayed hearing loss after acoustic tumor removal, revision stapedectomy, and temporal bone fractures...

Endolymphatic sac tumor in association with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

March 16, 2016  |  Kevin Shaigany, BS; Alejandro Vazquez, MD; Kelvin M. Kwong, MD; James K. Liu, MD; Robert W. Jyung, MD

Patients with ELST present most commonly with sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, in a pattern reminiscent of Ménière disease.

Clival lesion: Atypical osteomyelitis vs. a neoplastic process

January 22, 2016  |  Mike C. Butterfield, MD; Juan S. Gomez, MD; Ngoc Ly, MD; Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR

The differential diagnosis of a clival lesion includes malignancy, infection, meningioma, and chordoma. In this patient, a recurrent neoplasm was suspected because of his medical history and the imaging findings

Sensorineural hearing loss associated with a factitious disorder

December 14, 2015  |  Ayako Maruyama, MD; Yoshihiro Noguchi, MD; Taku Ito, MD; Kenji Narushima, MD; Ken Kitamura, MD

Abstract

Factitious disorders are characterized by intentionally abnormal physical and/or psychological behavior, and affected patients often make up their symptoms and clinical histories. The most serious and chronic type of factitious disorder is Munchausen syndrome. We report the...

Bone-anchored hearing aid implantation in a patient with Goldenhar syndrome

December 14, 2015  |  Griffin Santarelli, MD; Roberta E. Redfern, PhD; Aaron G. Benson, MD

Abstract

Patients with Goldenhar syndrome exhibit a number of characteristic symptoms, including middle and internal ear malformations that may cause profound hearing loss. Bone-anchored hearing aids have been used to treat these patients in the past, although complications may arise...

Facial nerve neurofibroma presenting with external auditory canal tumor and facial palsy

December 14, 2015  |  Yao-Ying Tseng, MD; Cheng-Chien Yang, MD; Chen-Chuan Li, MD; Min-Tsan Shu, MD

Facial nerve neurofibromas are benign and rare, and they generally present with facial palsy; however, hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo are also observed occasionally.

Sensorineural hearing loss in beta-thalassemia patients treated with iron chelation

December 14, 2015  |  Ustun Osma, MD; Erdal Kurtoglu, MD; Hulya Eyigor, MD; Mustafa Deniz Yilmaz, MD; Nurdan Aygener

Abstract

The predictive value of pure-tone audiometry (PTA) in the early detection of ototoxicity has been questioned, particularly in the higher frequencies. Otoacoustic emissions testing appears to be more sensitive to cochlear insult than conventional PTA. We conducted a cross-...

Sensorineural hearing loss after ossicular manipulation and drill- generated acoustic trauma in type I tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy: A series of 51 cases

September 21, 2015  |  K. Cagdas Kazikdas, MD; Kazim Onal, MD; Nadir Yildirim, MD

Abstract

Recognized causes of high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after tympanoplasty with and without mastoidectomy include acoustic trauma from manipulation of the ossicles, the noise generated by suctioning and, in the case of mastoidectomy, the noise generated by...

Erosion of the incus by the chorda tympani nerve from a complex retraction pocket

September 21, 2015  |  Ramanan Daniel, MBBS; Fiona Hill, MBBS; Timothy Price, FRCS(OHNS)

Chronic eustachian tube dysfunction can lead to retraction of the tympanic membrane and bone erosion.

Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions testing in neonates treated with an aminoglycoside in a neonatal intensive care unit

April 28, 2015  |  Iosif Vital, MD; George Psillas, MD; Nikolaos Nikolaides, MD; George Kekes, MD; Stavros Hatzopoulos, MD; John Constantinidis, MD

Abstract

We evaluated the ototoxic effect of aminoglycosides on the outer hair cells of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) testing. Our study population was made up of 164 newborns who were divided into three...

Progression of autoimmune inner ear disease to labyrinthitis ossificans: Clinical and radiologic correlation

March 2, 2015  |  Jenn Nee Khoo, FRCR; Tiong Yong Tan, FRCR

Abstract

We report the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with fluctuating bilateral sensorineural hearing loss that subsequently progressed to a complete hearing loss, and we describe the correlation between the clinical and radiologic features of this case. To the best of our...

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