Fistula

Fistulography: A useful imaging modality for identifying the exact location and extent of complete branchial fistulas

August 31, 2009     Sampan Singh Bist, MS, Saurabh Varshney, MS, Rakesh Kumar, MS, and Nitin Gupta, MS
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Fistula between the carotid artery and larynx in a 67-year-old man

July 31, 2009     Dary J. Costa, MD, Mark A. Varvares, MD, and B. Kirke Bieneman, MD
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Aortoesophageal fistula: A case report

February 1, 2009     David Tighe, MBChB, Andy Wood, MB, and Savita Kale, MRCS(Eng)
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Abstract

Patients with impacted foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract present commonly to ENT clinics. This case report highlights two important issues in the management of these patients. First, if the evidence of esophageal perforation is strong and contrast swallow is negative, the physician must consider further imaging, such as contrast computed tomography. Second, ENT physicians must beware of the complications of esophageal trauma, including major vascular injury and aortoesophageal fistula, in patients with retained sharp foreign bodies in the mid-esophagus.

Transfistula endoscopic closure of frontocutaneous fistula: A novel approach

January 1, 2009     Perumal Gounder Chokkalingam, BSc, FRCS, Ravi Sachidananda, MS, MRCS, Sanjay Verma, MRCS, PhD, Arcot Maheshwar, FRCS, FRCS (ORL-HNS), and Robert Duncan Roderick, McRae, FRCS, FRCS (ORL-HNS)
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Abstract

A fistula of the anterior table of the frontal sinus is an uncommon complication of acute frontal sinus abscess. Various methods to close a frontocutaneous fistula have been described. We present the second reported transfistula endoscopically assisted primary closure of a frontocutaneous fistula, which eliminated the need for major surgical intervention. We also review the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of frontocutaneous fistula.

Bilateral first and second branchial cleft fistulas: A case report

April 30, 2008     Ashok K. Gupta, MS, DLO, Sudesh Kumar, MS, DNB, and Ajay Jain, MS, DNB
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Abstract

Branchial cleft anomalies—which include branchial cysts, sinuses, and fistulas—are uncommon developmental defects of the neck. Approximately 2 to 3% of cases are bilateral; bilateral presentations appear to have a familial component. Only 5 cases of bilateral branchial cleft fistulas have been reported in the English-language literature, and only 1 case of simultaneous first and second branchial cleft fistulas has been previously reported. We report what to the best of our knowledge is the second case of bilateral first and second branchial cleft fistulas.

Oval window fistula

April 1, 2006     Arun Gadre, MD
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Noise-induced perilymph fistula

April 1, 2006     Brian Kung, MD; Robert T. Sataloff, MD, DMA
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Abstract
Perilymph fistulae are difficult to diagnose because they present with a wide variety of signs and symptoms, they are associated with many etiologies, and they often mimic other conditions. In this article, we describe a case of perilymph fistula that featured one of its more rare causes: acoustic trauma-specifically, damage from a loud blast from the siren of a fire engine. We also review the literature and discuss the difficulties of diagnosis and treatment and the possible mechanisms by which acoustic trauma and other etiologies cause perilymph fistulae.

Tracheoesophageal fistula

September 30, 2004     Susan G. Butler, PhD, CCC-SLP; Gregory N. Postma, MD
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Perilymphatic fistula

September 30, 2004     Marie Noelle Calmels, MD; Olivier Deguine, MD
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