Dysphagia

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis presenting as bilateral abductor paralysis

December 19, 2014     Michelle Levian, DO; Reena Gupta, MD, FACS
article

Occasionally, patients who have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis initially present with vocal and respiratory signs and symptoms.

Actinomycosis of the pharynx

September 17, 2014     Anna M. Lipowska, MD; Michael M. Johns III, MD
article

Abstract

Few cases of pharyngeal actinomycosis have been documented in the literature. We describe the case of a 67-year-old white man who presented with symptoms of dysphagia. Laryngoscopy revealed a pedunculated mass in the left posterior pharyngeal wall; an excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Postoperatively, the patient underwent 10 weeks of intravenous penicillin therapy followed by 4 months of oral antibiotics, and his condition resolved. We discuss the diagnosis, management, and complications of this rare infection.

Plummer-Vinson syndrome following gastric bypass surgery

September 17, 2014     Andrew Sapthavee, MD; Matthew L. Kircher, MD; Lee M. Akst, MD
article

Abstract

Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS) is the combination of dysphagia, angular cheilitis, atrophic glossitis, and esophageal webbing in the setting of iron deficiency anemia. Although it is relatively uncommon, this condition is important to recognize because it is a source of dysphagia and it confers an increased risk for hypopharyngeal cancer. Cases of PVS associated with gastrointestinal conditions such as celiac disease and gastric cancer have been previously reported in the literature, but as far as we know, no case of PVS associated with bariatric surgery has been previously reported. We describe the case of a 39-year-old woman who developed PVS following gastric bypass surgery, and we briefly discuss the current knowledge of this syndrome.

Neopharyngeal diverticulum

August 27, 2014     Rebecca J. Howell, MD; Gregory N. Postma, MD
article

Endoscopic examination showed no distal stricture or cricopharyngeus muscle.

Madelung disease: Multiple symmetric lipomatosis

March 18, 2014     Enrique Palacios, MD, FACR; Harold R. Neitzschman, MD, FACR; Jeremy Nguyen, MD
article

Patients with multiple symmetric lipomatosis commonly also suffer from various neuropathies, especially paresthesias and autonomic neuropathy.

Lung herniation: An unusual cause of dysphagia

December 20, 2013     Karen Mason, MBBS, MRCS, FRCR; Richard D. Riordan, MBBS, BSC, MRCP, FRCR
article

Abstract

Lung herniation is a rare condition that can be classified on the basis of location and etiology. We report an unusual case of right apical lung herniation presenting with dysphagia. Computed tomography of the neck demonstrated an air-containing structure in the root of the right side of the neck, related to but separate from the anteromedial aspect of the right lung apex. The diagnosis of an apical lung hernia was confirmed using high-resolution CT reconstructions. This case highlights that, although uncommon, apical lung hernias should always be considered when investigating abnormalities of swallowing. Identification of an apical lung hernia on plain chest radiographs avoids further unnecessary investigations and surgical intervention. Knowledge of their presentation may avoid complications that could arise from neck interventions such as subclavian central catheter insertion.

Autoimmune swallowing disorders

December 20, 2013     Mursalin M. Anis, MD, PhD; Ahmed M.S. Soliman, MD
article

Esophageal perforation in a patient with diverticulum following anterior discectomy and fusion

October 23, 2013     Aasif A. Kazi, PharmD; Nancy L. Solowski, MD; Gregory N. Postma, MD; Paul M. Weinberger, MD
article

 Most perforations are thought to result from esophageal retraction, direct injury during manipulation, hardware failure, or movement of cervical vertebral bodies during hyperextension.

Late-onset complications after chemoradiation for head and neck carcinomas

August 21, 2013     Marc I. Surkin, MD, FACS; Sandra A. Schwartz, MS, CCC-SLP; and Deborah A. Markiewicz, MD
article

Abstract

Acute complications from chemoradiation for head and neck cancers are relatively common. These can be minor or severe and can have a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. The incidence of late-onset (>5 years after cancer cure) complications is unknown, but the effect on quality of life is just as severe as with acute problems. What makes matters worse is that many of these patients lived years without dysphagia or other issues and were able to resume a normal lifestyle before developing complications. We present 4 cases involving patients with late-onset complications and discuss the need to remain vigilant in follow-up and caring for patients with head and neck cancer.

Systemic sclerosis and reflux

April 17, 2013     John J. Petronovich, BS; Jonathan M. Bock, MD
article

MII-pH testing with impedance-based symptom association may improve diagnostic accuracy in patients with systemic sclerosis and reflux.

Esophageal graft-versus-host disease

February 25, 2013     Jeanne L. Hatcher, MD; S. Carter Wright, MD; Catherine Rees Lintzenich, MD, FACS
article

Graft-versus-host disease occurs after allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation, with the chronic form usually occurring within the first 3 years.

Hyperplastic epiglottis caused by chronic inflammation

January 24, 2013     Mark D. Wilkie, MBChB; Samuel C. Leong, MPhil; Alessandro Panarese, FRCS; Arnab Banerjee, FRCS
article

Due to the development of Hib vaccines, the epidemiology of epiglottitis has shifted dramatically back toward adult presentations, with a marked decline in the incidence among children.

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